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I take the liberty of introducing Mr. Pollard of Boston, a gentleman of considerable literary taste & acquirements, who is travelling for the first time as far South as the City of Washington. His object is to see the Country & become somewhat more acquainted with its Inhabitants. Your pardoning this liberty is the rather to be hoped for, from a consideration of my not having before trespassed...
Mr Frans Coffin, who will have the honour of delivering this letter, & whom I beg leave to recommend to your friendly notice, as a Gentleman desirous of getting a Passage to St Petersburg, by the Cartel–Ship, about to sail from Philadelphia, if practicable. He is a brother to my friend Mrs Darby; and has, also, a brother who has been for some years past in Russia. His principal object in...
The formidable British fleet, now on this Station, could not have been more ill contrived than it is, for the purposes designed. The frigates are unable to contend singly with ours, without being made to feel their inferiority in more than one article. The Ships of the Line, too heavy & clumsy for pursuit, from their bulk & construction & under the disadvantage of having been a considerable...
Mr. Jacob Perkins of Newbury Port will have the honour of delivering this letter into your hand. He is the author of several ingenious and useful inventions. As such I beg leave to introduce him; with the farther information, that the object of his journey is to obtain from Congress the renewal of a Patent about to expire; and that I have given him a Certificate expressive of my opinion of the...
Not finding it convenient, on account of the late severe snow storm and consequent bad roads, to visit the seat of Government, so soon as I had expected, I inclose the Paper alluded to in my late letter; believing the importance of the subject, will be admitted as an apology for the trouble. It is known that the growing of wool and the means of converting that indispensable staple into Cloth,...
As it is not among the least of the important duties of the President, to become acquainted so far as may be, with the resources & ability of the U. S. for supplying their wants; it has been judged not improper to bring to his view a Statement made by the Visitors of the Humphreysville Manufacturing Establishment, respecting the operation of a new Machine for spinning Yarn of various kinds. If...
I think we agree in sentiment, that the wealth & prosperity of a Country depend essentially on the Industry , Instruction & Morality of its Inhabitants : on the first for acquiring, and on the two last for making the best use of the means, for public felicity. Nor shall we differ in opinion, that the acquisition
I have seen the letter which you addressed to a Gentleman in this City during my absence requesting him to obtain Cloth from my Factory for your own weaving. There is no broad Cloth finished at present except some Pecies made of the Wool of the half-blooded Merinos. I have directed one to be manufactured of the pure fleece. It will not be completed in less than six weeks or two months; owing...
I have the honor to enclose to you a letter from our friend Genl. Lafayette, which he put into my hand at Paris. Dispatches from Mr. Monroe will also be forwarded by this conveyance with which I was charged in London. The last advices which we have brought from thence were to the 16th. Ulto., When the arrival of the American Sloop of War, Revenge, was anxiously expected, as was the...
I have just arrived here in a passage of 34 days from England. I take the liberty of communicating some of the most remarkable circumstances of a political nature which occurred at the time of my departure. After the general embargo was raised, the objects which excited the public attention most, were, the expected arrival of Instructions from the U.S. respecting the late aggression on our...
As I have some expectation of returning to Europe in the course of this Year, it will be particularly interesting to me to know the destination of the Diamonds which the Queen of Spain sent as a present to me; after my departure from that Country. If there be any difficulty in remitting them to me from a supposition of their having been destined to my Husband, I request reference may be had to...
I had fully intended to have paid my personal respects to you on Saturday last, had not the unfavorable change in the state of the roads prevented. That mode of communication having failed, I have now to offer the best homage of Mrs Humphreys & myself to Mrs Adams & yourself, and to request the honour of your company at dinner with us, on Saturday next, it being the anniversary of the Birth of...
I had the honour to receive, upon my return to this Place, your letter dated the 14th of April last; in which you informed me, that the Accounts of Messrs John Bulkeley & Son had been adjusted at the Treasury. I immediately sent an extract of yours to that House; and I doubt not you will have forwarded the same statement. This prevents me from trespassing on your time with any remark, altho I...
29 March 1803, New York. “In compliance with a request from Mr. Thomas Bulkeley of Lisbon, now conducting the Commercial House of Messrs John Bulkeley & Son, I have the honour to forward to you the enclosed letter, which has just come to my hand. The subject of the claim of that House on the Department of State being so fully explained, I cannot doubt that a satisfactory arrangement will be...
In referring to that part of the letter addressed by me, on the 28th. of June last, to the President of the U.S., which relates to the measures I took to avoid recieving without the consent of Congress the Royal Present usually offered to Ambassadors & Ministers who had resided near H.C.M. ; I now hasten to give information that Mr. Codman has brought from Europe to this Country a small...
A combination of circumstances having prevented me from having the honour of paying my respects in person to Mrs Adams & yourself, I could not proceed on my journey to the Westward, without expressing in this manner my extreme sensibility of the disappointment. When I was in this Town, a few weeks ago, on my way to the Province of Main, I so fully indulged the expectation of making the visit,...
I had fully determined, upon my arrival in the U.S. , to have made a journey to the City of Washington, for the express & sole purpose of paying my respects to the President. But the fatigue & inconvenience which my wife suffered in our voyage from Europe prevented me from carrying that determination into effect; especially as She was unable to accompany me & unwilling to be left alone among...
28 December 1801, Madrid. No. 299. Transmits information just received from Swedish chargé that three Swedish frigates arrived at Málaga on 20 Dec. and after making some repairs they will proceed to blockade Tripoli. Hopes this measure will reduce the Barbary powers to reason. Reports that the American consul at Málaga has complained that American vessels arriving there have been placed under...
In requesting you to be referred to my letter dated the 18th inst:, I have now the pleasure to inform you that Mr Pinckney is considerably better in health than he was at that date. I enclose to you herewith the Sentence of the Supreme Council of War, in the Case of the Ship South Carolina, Paul Post Master, detained first by an English frigate, recaptured by a Spanish & French armed force,...
18 December 1801, Madrid. No. 297. Recounts 9 Dec. meeting at the Escorial with Charles Pinckney, when Pinckney delivered to him JM’s dispatch of 22 June enclosing the president’s letter to the Spanish king and instructions for his own departure. Will comply with instructions, “although it cannot escape your reflection … that it is very inconvenient & unfortunate for me to have received these...
4 December 1801, Madrid. No. 296. Has had no news of Commodore Dale since he sailed from Málaga. Encloses copy of a 1 Nov. circular letter from Appleton “received this day” advising that the Tripolitans have purchased a twenty-two-gun ship at Smyrna for the purpose of cruising against Americans. Concludes from a 30 Nov. letter from Pinckney at Vitoria that he will arrive in the next week....
23 November 1801, Madrid. No. 295. The “almost incessant occupation” of preparing representations to the first minister of state has prevented him from sending copies to the State Department. Encloses now copies of protest he made regarding Spanish insults to Captain Bainbridge of the Essex and U.S. consul Willis at Barcelona as well as a remonstrance at the refusal of commander at San Roque...
20 November 1801, Madrid. No. 294. Encloses copies of an official Spanish letter of 27 Oct., distributed on 17 Nov. to announce ratification of peace preliminaries between Great Britain and France, and his response. At the celebration of the king’s birthday at the Escorial, he discussed recent Spanish captures of American merchantmen with the first minister of state, who promised to attend to...
9 November 1801, Madrid. No. 293. Has been informed that the pasha of Tripoli is having three corsairs fitted out at Mahón with Minorcan crews and British papers and colors to evade American frigates. Has sent circular letter with that news to U.S. consuls in adjacent Spanish ports for the information of American naval commanders and civilians. In a 4 Nov. letter Kirkpatrick stated he would...
6 November 1801, Madrid. No. 292. Has received a 12 Oct. letter from Pinckney in Paris stating that he is delayed by an eye ailment; he requested Humphreys to transfer legation records to his secretary of legation, assuming he had arrived from America, should Humphreys wish to leave Spain. Humphreys replied that he had no news of the secretary’s arrival and doubted the wisdom of an Atlantic...
With my last Dispatch of the 13th. instant, I forwarded Copies of the Preliminaries of Peace, as signed at London on the 1st. day of this Month, between the Ministers of England and France. In a Postscript to the Duplicate of the same, dated the 16th. instant, I informed you, I had received a letter that day from Consul OBrien at Algiers, in which he mentioned that a Revolt had existed for a...
7 October 1801, Madrid. No. 289. Forwards dispatches sent to Smith at Lisbon from consuls in Barbary States, which Smith before his departure had arranged for Humphreys to receive. In addition, encloses translation of letter from captain of Swedish frigate Thetis to the Swedish chargé at Madrid advising him of royal orders to join with Americans against Tripoli. Has learned from Patrick...
30 September 1801, Madrid. No. 288. Has been informed secretly that France and Portugal signed a peace treaty in Madrid the night before. Believes the conditions are very onerous for Portugal and the agreement was extorted under threat of invasion. In postscript of 1 Oct., reports that five days before the treaty was signed the French army had been given orders to invade Portugal and that...
24 September 1801, Madrid. No. 287. Has formally notified minister of state of American blockade of Tripoli; encloses copy of that note and minister’s reply. Confirms news of victory of the Enterprize over Tripolitan corsair, quoting from a 19 Aug. report by Commodore Dale. Notes that Portugal continues to delay peace negotiations with France. Plans to send his accounts by an American citizen...
The information contained in the Post-script of my letter, of the 1st. instant from St. Ildefonso, that Grand Cairo had surrendered to the English and Turkish armies, has been confirmed. As this letter may possibly have a speedy conveyance by a Vessel which is ready to sail for the United States from Bilbao, I enclose a French Gazette, containing the capitulation, and likewise the Treaty...
29 August 1801, San Ildefonso. No. 285. Encloses copies of his correspondence with minister of state concerning an assault by two palace guards upon Humphreys’s coachman and a footman of the Neopolitan minister. Spanish reply indicates “the correct ideas of this Court on the privileges & immunities of Diplomatic Representatives.” Reports evidence of subtle tensions remaining between Godoy and...
21 August 1801, Madrid. No. 284. Little has changed since his last dispatch. Great Britain, alarmed at Continental military maneuvers, has stopped all traffic to and from France. Chevalier Freire has arrived from Portugal, reportedly to renew treaty negotiations with the French ambassador and to act as minister plenipotentiary ad interim to Spain. Earlier report that two Tripolitan cruisers...
31 July 1801, Madrid. No. 283. Encloses as “proof of the friendly dispositions” of the Spanish government the first secretary’s answer to his message on the object of Commodore Dale’s expedition. Encloses copy of letter from John Montgomery at Alicante and mentions letter from Málaga, both reporting movements of Dale’s squadron. Has received no further details about engagement near Gibraltar...
27 July 1801, Madrid. No. 282. Encloses copy of 2 July letter from Commodore Dale announcing his arrival at Gibraltar and his plan to sail for Algiers the next day, leaving behind a frigate “to watch the motions” of two Tripolitan vessels anchored at Gibraltar. Transmits O’Brien’s dispatch [ O’Brien to JM, 24 June 1801 ]; report of Tripolitan seizures of American vessels has not been...
21 July 1801, Madrid. No. 281. Encloses notice of Spanish-Portuguese peace terms and copy of message concerning them he sent Spanish government. Notes that France refuses to concur in treaty. Recounts recent developments in European wars, including British-French naval engagement at Bay of Algeciras on 6 July and a “disultory action” between British and combined French and Spanish squadrons,...
29 June 1801, Madrid. No. 280. Acknowledges Lincoln’s dispatch of 17 Mar. Reports that, pursuant to it, he visited Spanish court and announced his departure. Notes he then conveyed president’s sentiments regarding Yrujo, reiterated the American proposal of a commission to decide on claims of U.S. citizens against Spanish government, and repeated his observations, as he had done on all...
1 June 1801, Aranjuez. No. 279. Recounts his unsatisfactory discussion with Spanish minister Cevallos concerning American claims. Reports developments in war against Portugal and, in a postscript of 10 June from Madrid, news of peace treaty and its ratification by the Spanish court. Encloses his correspondence [not found] remonstrating against duty on American shipping engaged in Spanish...
19 May 1801, Madrid. No. 278. Sends correspondence with Spanish ministers on the award in favor of Americans Gregory and Scobie, observing that the many documents furnish “a small specimen of the tedious manner in which business is done at this Court.” Also transmits correspondence with Spanish officials regarding the vessel Swansborough , which has been seized and condemned by Spanish....
11 May 1801, Madrid. No. 277. Acknowledges State Department dispatch of 23 Sept. 1800 with its memorials respecting Spanish detention of American seamen captured by French cruisers. Encloses copies of his letters to Spanish government complaining of the practice; stresses the firmness with which he has tried “to induce an immediate order for its suppression.” Mentions case of Draper and Clark,...
In my Dispatch No. 265 dated March 6th. I transmitted to you the circular letter of our Consul at Tripoli, announcing the imminent danger of an immediate rupture with that State. And in No: 272, dated April 14th, I forwarded copies of letters from Consul O’Brien at Algiers, which contained the information that the Bashaw of Tripoli, having refused the mediation of Algiers, the presents sent...
Upon receiving the certain, tho’ not official, intelligence of your having been elected to the Chief Magistracy of the U.S.; I offer my sincere & ardent vows to Heaven, that your Administration may be highly useful to your Country & glorious to yourself. In Septr. last I had the honour of addressing a letter to you by Mr Henry Preble , recommending him as a suitable Character to be named...
5 May 1801, Madrid. No. 275. Reports on and encloses papers concerning American merchant vessel Atalanta , seized and condemned in Spanish prize court in August 1800. Requests definitive response to Spanish complaint mentioned in postscript to his dispatch no. 273. Notes that Danes appear to have withdrawn from neutral league. Has no news of American vessels being captured by Tripoli. Relays...
28 April 1801, Madrid. No. 274. Encloses copy of proclamation of Czar Alexander I as he succeeds his father. Reports Nelson’s victory at Copenhagen and rumor of British defeat near Alexandria. Notes that Portugal flouts French ultimatum and French forces are poised for invasion. Has entrusted U.S. consul and commerce in Tuscany to the new king, who “had always discovered a particular...
21 April 1801, Madrid. No. 273. Reports Czar Paul of Russia murdered, allegedly by his eldest son. Conveys word that Hamburg has been occupied by Prussian troops, British fleet has drawn near Copenhagen, and French troops assigned to the invasion of Portugal have now entered Spain. In postscript of 23 Apr. encloses copy of official Spanish complaint of piracy committed by vessel flying British...
I think I cannot display too much eagerness in communicating to you, by different conveyances, the news this moment received by me from Algiers. I hasten then to transmit copies of Consul O’Brien’s letters to the 6th instant, which came to me thro the Department of the first Minister of State of His Catholic Majesty. From the last of these letters you will learn, that the Bey of Tripoli,...
10 April 1801, Madrid. No. 271. Notes that Treaty of Lunéville permits France “to act with its accustomed celerity against Portugal,” but none of the troops supposedly intended for invasion of that country have appeared in Spain. Reports inability to decode message from Mountflorence using key provided by State Department; relays part of letter pertaining to French plans in event exchange of...
Yesterday I received by way of St. Sebastian farther copies of your several Dispatches, dated the 2nd of August and the 8th and 23d of September last. My first proceedings on the contents of all of which having already been reported, I have only to observe that I shall continue to transmit to you my correspondence with His Catholic Majesty’s Ministers on these and other subjects of national...
24 March 1801, Madrid. No. 269. Believes recent royal order stipulating that “every recaptured vessel should remain in totality to the profit of the Recaptors” has been revoked “in consequence of my Protest.” Conveys correspondence with Spanish government concerning South Carolina . Council of war has not yet tried the case. Reports king’s renewed confidence in his adviser, the “Prince of...
I have this moment received intelligence from a person worthy of credit, at the Royal Sitio of Aranjuez, to the following effect: Last night Lucien Bonaparte signed (and it is he himself who told me) the Treaty by which the Heriditary Prince of Parma (and not his father) is definitively named King of the Etruscans. This election of the Prince, the Son, instead of the Prince his father,...
17 March 1801, Madrid. No. 267. Encloses copies of remonstrances to Spanish government on behalf of American merchants who sold Spanish government commodities, expecting to be paid in specie, and instead were paid in depreciated paper money; also encloses Spanish replies. All communication with Lisbon has been interrupted, so funds to operate his office must come through a Dutch bank. The...