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Mr. Hamilton . We shall make the same reservation. By the indisputable construction of these resolutions, we shall prove that this state was once on the verge of destruction, for want of an energetic government. To this point we shall confine ourselves. Childs, Debates and Proceedings of the Convention of the State of New-York The Debates and Proceedings of the State of New-York, Assembled at...
Mr. Hamilton went extensively into the subject; the sum of it was as follows: he observed that funds considered as permanent sources of revenue were of two kinds: 1st. Such as wd. extend generally & uniformly throughout the U.S., & wd. be collected under the authority of Congs. 2dly., such as might be established separately within each State, & might consist of any objects which were chosen by...
One Regiment to be stationed partly in the State of Tennessee and partly in proper positions for the protection of the Frontier of Georgia, not extending farther Westward then the Apalachicole River. This Regiment to be attached to the command of General Pinckney. The part in Tenessee to be by him instructed in any great and sudden emergency to cooperate with General Wilkinson. The other three...
A letter of the 1st inst. says, “That on Saturday the 28th ult. the Convention were still discussing the 1st clause of the 8th section of the 1st article, respecting the powers of Congress. Objections were at large stated, and amendments proposed by Mr. Williams, Mr. Smith and Mr. Lansing, who were answered by Mr. Hamilton in a most animated and powerful defence of the clause. Mr. Lansing in...
At a meeting of the heads of departments and the Attorney general at the Secretary of state’s office Aug. 5. 1793. The case of the Swallow letter of marque at New York, desired to be sent out of our ports, as being a privateer. It is the opinion that there is no ground to make any order on the subject. The Polly or Republican , in the hands of the Marshal at New York, on a charge of having...
Resolved , That in order to enable Congress to form an eventual plan towards carrying into execution the 8th. article of confederation the several States be required to pass laws for forming or dividing their respective states into such districts as they judge most convenient for procuring an accurate valuation of the lands and of the buildings and improvements thereon, & to appoint...
At a meeting of the heads of departments, and the Attorney general of the U. S. at the President’s, on the twenty sixth day of march 1794. The resolution of congress, of this date being submitted to them by the President for their opinion as to the best Mode of executing the same; It is advised unanimously, that the governors of the several States ought to be called upon to enforce the said...
[ Philadelphia, May 2, 1791. On May 15, 1791, Nathaniel Appleton wrote to Hamilton : “I am favoured with your circular Letter 2d. instant. Circular not found. ]
One of the particulars in which our Envoy is alleged to have fallen short of what might and ought to have been done respects the time for the surrender of the Western posts. It is alleged, that there ought either to have been an immediate surrender or some guarantee or surety for the performance of the new promise. Both parts of the alternative presuppose that Great Britain was to have no will...
The Secretary of the Treasury in obedience to the order of the House of representatives of the twentieth day of January last referring to him the petition of the Merchants of Philadelphia trading to India and China; Respectfully reports: That the subject of the said petition involves the consideration of the general policy, which ought to be pursued by the United States, in relation to the...
Statement Shewing the Sums of Appropriation to the End of the Year 1792. Which Will Probably Not Be Required to Satisfy the Same. Balances of appropriation unexpended on the 31st December 1792. Balance which will probably not be required. Balance which will be required dolls: Cents. dolls. Cts dolls: Cents For discharging the warrants issued by the late board of Treasury, 32,176. 73
Mr. Hamilton 2ded. the motion, but he said with a different view from Mr. Gerry. He did not object to the consequence stated by Mr. Gerry. There was no greater evil in subjecting the people of the U.S. to the major voice than the people of a particular State. It had been wished by many and was much to have been desired that an easier mode for introducing amendments had been provided by the...
I find from a letter from one of the Commissioner of Loans that it is conceived, certificates of the state debts cannot be subscribed to the new Loan, unless they express that they are issued for services or supplies toward the prosecution of the late war. By this construction all certificates containing a simple acknowlegment of debt to a certain amount, and all certificates for monies loaned...
A question has been made—“What is to be the voucher to a Collector, for entering anew a Vessel which has been altered in form only?” The 6th Section of the Act, concerning the Registering and Recording of Ships or Vessels, having made provision only for the case of an alteration in burthen. I answer, that the form of a Certificate of Registry, prescribed by the 9th Section of that Act,...
Mr. Hamilton then moved to postpone art XXI in order to take up the following, containing the ideas he had above expressed, viz Resolved that the foregoing plan of a Constitution be transmitted to the U.S. in Congress assembled, in order that if the same shall be agreed to by them, it may be communicated to the Legislatures of the several States, to the end that they may provide for its final...
Received Philadelphia May 26. 1792 of Alexander Hamilton forty Dollars on account of the Society for establishing useful Manufactures. D , in the writing of H and signed by Pearce, Hamilton Papers, Library of Congress.
Recd. August 24th. 1790. from the hon. Alexr. Hamilton Esqr two hundred dollars, which I promise to repay on demand. ADS , Papers of Tench Coxe in the Coxe Family Papers at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. At the bottom of this document Coxe wrote: “(repaid in Philada. ⅌ Acct. in sundries & Cash).”
It will prevent injury from accidents if the Collectors of the Customs, in all cases of the delivery of a Register to be cancelled, shall cut a hole in the like manner as is directed in the circular letter of the 21st of September last, in regard to the Registers therein mentioned. All certificates of Registry delivered up at any office, wherever issued, are hereafter to be transmitted to the...
The Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to the order of the Senate of the 28th of March 1792 “directing the Secy of the Treasury to inquire into the expediency & report to Congress at their next session, the expediency of erecting a light house at Occracock island, or elsewhere, near the entrances of Occracock Inlet, & an estimate of the probable expense,” respectfully makes the following...
The Committee to whom was referred the letter from His Excellency The President of Pensylvania to the Delegates of that state of the 18th. instant report that in their opinion it is inexpedient for Congress to come to any formal decision on the subject of that letter. AD , Papers of the Continental Congress, National Archives. The committee consisted of H, Oliver Ellsworth, and James Wilson....
The Secretary of the Treasury, to whom was referred by the House of Representatives the petition of Joseph Ball and Isaac Ledyard, respectfully submits the following report thereupon. The said petition contains the following suggestions. “That an armed Dutch Ship, named the Renown, owned chiefly by Mr. John Ball, Burgher of St. Eustatius, and employed by him in a trade between that place and...
For the Argus Camillus has stated several infractions of the Treaty of peace by us, besides that of the Trespass act, which according to the solution given by our own conduct to the question whether performance was to date from the provisional or definitive Treaty must have been prior to the British infraction by the detention of the posts —(viz) 1   An Act of South Carolina of March 26th 1784...
Having been applied to by the Collectors of several Ports, for my opinion on various points, which are of general concern, and in respect to which it is important that the same rules should be every where observed, I have concluded to make my answers to their inquiries the subject of a Circular letter. Some of those inquiries relate to the allowances to which the officers of the Customs are...
Connecticut Captains 1 Austin Nichols Fairfield County Writes ill Wm. Edmond good constitution single man & in prime of life education equal to place active enterprising & on the whole qualified } Not very strong
The executive government, though it will feel itself strengthened by, had not waited for, this approbation of the influential members of the community. It had long before been sensible of the necessity of immediately pursuing vigorous measures, and had been convinced that delay would confirm its opponents, and might probably commit, to the hazard of the contest, the preservation of its...
Although I have had no reason to suspect, that this government has ever deviated from the resolution, which I have formerly attributed to it, of declining to enter into any political connexion with Sweden and Denmark, I have nevertheless, since the receipt of your Lordship’s last instructions, renewed my enquiries upon the subject, in an incidental conversation with Mr. Hamilton, from whom I...
Philadelphia, June 4, 1787. To a motion by James Wilson, seconded by James Madison, that “a convenient number of the National Judiciary” act with the executive in vetoing acts of the national legislature, Hamilton made “an objection of order … to the introduction of the last amendment at this time.” Hunt and Scott, Debates Gaillard Hunt and James Brown Scott, eds., The Debates in the Federal...
Tennessee Captains 2 Arthur Crozier Knoxville good letter Clayborne —a young man of respectable character good talents & was a Merchant 3 Nathan B Markland Knoxville Clayborne . possesses qualifications for a valuable Officer surveyor young man of amiable Character & good talents 6 Charles Porter Judge Anderson —recommends him as well qualified respectable connexion & unexceptionable character 1
I explanation of fitting out privateers Charlestown put on footing of their being no law II Letter persisting in objection to it III reclaims Gideon Henfield IV very moderate answer that Courts will do right V Concerning Sloop Republican I Issuing Commissions a mere consular act—
H___ G___, for public reasons does not think it expedient to relinquish the character in which he appears in the newspapers; nor does he consider it as necessary to do so, for either of the purposes mentioned by Mr. Willett. Mr. W___ being a mere volunteer in the business, can at any rate have no claim to such a relinquishment. He will do well to recollect, that he did not confine himself to...
It appears from a Return of the Office of discount & deposit of the United States Bank at Boston, that many of the Collectors in your State make their remittances to that institution; discontinuing the former mode of paying into the Bank of Massachusetts. This transfer of payment from one Bank to the other, having never been directed by me, is irregular and requires explanation. As it was...
[Newport, Rhode Island, June 25–26, 1800.] “Some time in the summer past, I believe in July, General Hamilton, an entire stranger to me further than the knowledge of him from his public character, came to my house in company with Colonels Christopher & Jeremiah Olney, General Barton, & Colonel Ogdon. General Hamilton was very familiar, open, & candid. He at once began the election of the...
In further obedience to the order of the Senate, I have the honor to transmit a return of the Tonnage of all the vessels employed in the import, coasting, and fishing trades of the United States, for one year, ending on the 30th September, 1790. This document will be found to exhibit the degree in which American and foreign vessels participate in every branch of the commerce of the United...
At Governor Simcoe’s desire I have the honor of inclosing the copy of a despatch, which I have received from that Gentleman, explanatory of the reasons that prompt him to decline a compliance with the request of the American Ministers (conveyed through me as stated in my No: 3) that he would contribute his assistance to their agent in the attempts to procure in that quarter a supply of...
In obedience to an order of the House, of the 2d instant, I transmit an abstract of the goods, wares, and merchandise, exported from each State, from the 1st October, 1790, to the 30th September, 1791. ASP American State Papers, Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States (Washington, 1832–1861). , Commerce and Navigation , I, 147. Journal of the House , I...
Some misapprehension having arisen in regard to the provisions concerning Manifests, contained in the 9, 10, 11 and 12th sections of the Collection Law, it becomes proper to enter into certain explanations—to convey the sense and expectations of this Department on the subject. It occurs, in the first place, that these Manifests are only required, where vessels are owned in whole or part by...
Ham[ilton]—this article he thinks includes more than gent intend—in the Admiralty—& Chancery there is no Jury—“ to remain ” may be intended to qualify this—in some states—the trial by jury in both the Courts above ment[ione]d are in use—On treaties & Laws of nations—the supreme Judicial ought to be the last resort—difficult to remedy this—so as to agree to it—& not clash with other states—...
Mr. Hamilton urged the propriety of proceeding with coolness and circumspection. He thought it proper in order to form a right judgment of the conduct of our Ministers, that the views of the French & British Courts should be examined. He admitted it as not improbable that it had been the policy of France to procrastinate the definite acknowledgmt. of our Independence on the part of G B in...
In pursuance of a resolution of the House of Representatives, bearing date of the 19th of this instant, we lay before them a copy of the journal of our Board, and a statement of the purchases made since our last report to Congress. We have the honor, sir, to be, your most obedient servants, ASP American State Papers, Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States...
New York, February 13, 1787. Hamilton spoke on the report of a “committee on the petition of those citizens of this state who have loaned their money during the late war, in Hartford, praying this state to take those monies on loan, and put them on the footing of other citizens, who loaned their money at the continental loan-office in this state.” Hamilton, according to the newspaper account...
To the People of the State of New-York. THE next view which I shall take of the House of Representatives, relates to the apportionment of its members to the several States, which is to be determined by the same rule with that of direct taxes. It is not contended that the number of people in each State ought not to be the standard for regulating the proportion of those who are to represent the...
Lieutenant-colonel Alexander Hamilton was next produced on the part of the Prosecution, and sworn. Q. Please to declare what you know respecting Mr. Smith, the Prisoner, declaring that he had been on board the Vulture , sloop-of-war, belonging to the enemy, and fetching a person on shore from that vessel? A. I was present when Mr. Smith, the Prisoner, made his Confession before the gentlemen...
Ham[ilton]—combats the propriety of the word “ expresly ” congress one to regulate trade—now they must do a thousand things—not expresly given—Virginia say not given — Gilbert Livingston MS Notes, MS Division, New York Public Library. See “New York Ratifying Convention. First Speech of July 19,” note 1 . H’s remarks were on the proposed explanatory amendment. It reads as follows: “That no...
[ Philadelphia, March 10–April 17, 1794 ] “I have the honor of transmitting … a letter … which on the 10th. of March I addressed to the Secretary of State on the subject of the encroachments by the citizens of Vermont on the territory occupied by his Majesty’s arms. To this letter I have not as yet received any answer, though both Mr. Randolph and Mr. Hamilton have assured me that the...
Dol. 90ths Dol. 90ths Taken from Returns, dated March 7, 1789, New-Hampshire 3,170    March 7, 1789, Massachusetts, 7,699 30 May 14, 1789, Connecticut, 7,302 45 Jan. 1st., 1789, New-York, 15,246 Feb. 2, 1789, New-Jersey, 4,733  6 July 5, 1786, Pennsylvania, 11,220 30 For 1787, Virginia,  9,276 60 58,647 81 Conjectural {
The Gentleman who spoke yesterday has been treated as having dealt in the flowry Fields of Immagination I agree if this Governt. is dangerous to the Liberties of the People let us reject it— Tho no Considerations of Danger should induce us to adopt a Governmt. radically bad—yet it was prudent to weigh those Moti[v]es which might induce us to attend those Considerations which involve public...
[ Philadelphia, December 4, 1782. ] Report of a committee, consisting of Samuel Osgood, James Madison, and Hamilton on a request of Captain John Paul Jones for permission to serve on a campaign with the Marquis de Vaudreuil. The committee reported that, “Congress having a high sense of the merit and services of Capt Jones,” the permission be granted. D , in writing of James Madison, with...
From the manner in which the subject was treated in the fifth and sixth numbers of The Examination, it has been doubted, whether the writer did or did not entertain a decided opinion as to the power of Congress to abolish the offices and compensations of Judges, once instituted and appointed pursuant to a law of the United States. In a matter of such high constitutional moment, it is a sacred...
[ Philadelphia, April 16, 1791. On April 27, 1791, Nathaniel Appleton wrote to Hamilton : “I am this minute favoured with your Circular Letter 16th instant.” Circular not found. ]
The preceding numbers are chiefly intended to confirm an opinion, already pretty generally received, that it is necessary to augment the powers of the confederation. The principal difficulty yet remains, to fix the public judgment, definitively, on the points, which ought to compose that augmentation. It may be pronounced with confidence, that nothing short of the following articles can...