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This moment reported me from the Whitehouse Guard that a deserter had made his escape into Bunker Hill—Two Centries fird at him but he made his escape I believe unhurt—As it is uncertain who it is or what he is I have thought proper to alter the Parole & Countersign for these Guards which if your Excellency Approves youl please to signify it at the return of the Sergeant—If this deserter has...
In Obedience to Your Excellency’s Orders, we have considered the Matters referred to Us, & beg leave to recommend the following Signals to be given from Roxbury, in Case of any Movement of The Enemy to Distress our People at Dorchester Hill: Signal in Case the Enemy begin to Embarque, a Flagg on Roxbury meeting House; If they Actually Land at Dorchester Two Flaggs, One, over the Other; In case...
Prospect Hill, 21 February 1776 . Mr Davids has been chosen chaplain for Varnum’s and Bond’s regiments, and Mr Noble chosen chaplain for Hitchcock’s and Little’s regiments. ALS , DLC:GW . Ebenezer David (c.1752–1778), who was ordained by the Sabbatarian Church of Newport on 31 May 1775, began serving as a chaplain in January 1776. It is said that he returned his commission to GW and acted as a...
2 March 1776 . “I visited the . . . Guards in the left and Center Division and . . . found all the Guards in Good Order—Capt. Lewis reported Eight oClock this Morning Five sail of Ships were Coming into Boston. . . . N.B. Joel Hewit of Col. Sargeants Regiment & Francis Offy of Col. Greytons Regt confined in the Main Guard at Cambridge for Mutiny & Disobedience of Orders.” ADS , DNA : RG 93,...
[8 March 1776] . “I visited the Guards and gave such Orders as appear’d to be necessary found them in good Order. The Enemy on Bunkers Hill were very busy last Night and this Morning they were carrying Spunges Ladles &C. from the Hill to the Ferry—By the Noise last Night it was suggested they were moveing their heavy Cannon off the Hill and replacing them with Field Pieces.” ADS , DNA : RG 93,...
Major Nathaniel Cudworth lately discharged from Colo. Whitcombs Regiment has arrived to Join Colo. Bonds, he is agreeable to the Field Officers and satisfactory to the Captains & Subs. The Major is a good prudent Officer and left the former Regiment only because there was not proper order and Decipline maintain’d in it [.] I esteem him worthy the appointment; and if your Excellencys Sentiments...
In obedience to the orders given us we have met & deliberated upon the several matters referred to us by your Excellency & beg leave to report, That the following signals be given upon the approach of any number of Ships toward this Port Viz. Upon the appearance of any number of Ships by day from one to six a large flag is to be hoisted on the Highlands of Never sink, upon the appearance of...
New York, 18 May 1776 . Have investigated the claims of two officers to fill “the Vacant post of a Captain in Colonel Wyllys’s Regiment. Wee find they are both Gentlemen of undoubted Merrit But as to Rank in the Continental Army we can have no doubt remaining that it belongs to Leiutenant Huntington, he having been appointed a first Leiutenant in the Service some months before Leiutenant...
From the last accounts from Great Britain it appears absolutely necessary that there should be an augmentation of the American forces in consequence of which I suppose there will be several promotions—As I have no desire of quiting the service, I hope the Congress will take no measures that will lay me under the disagreeable necessity of doing it—I have ever found my self exceeding happy under...
The peculiar situation of American affairs renders it necessary to adopt every measure that will engage people in the service. The danger and hardships that those are subject to who engage in the service, more than those who do not, is obvious to every body which has the least Acquaintance with service, tis that which makes it so difficult to recruit. The large force that is coming against...
I have just receivd your favor of the 26th of May in answer to mine of the 24th. You must not expect me to be a very exact correspondent, my circumstances will not always admit of it. When I have opportunity I will write you with freedom if any information I can give you should be of service I shall be amply paid. I know your time is too precious to be spent in Answering Letters; but a line...
Long Island, 24 June 1776 . Asks directions for disposing of eleven Scotch prisoners who have arrived at his quarters. George Washington Greene transcript, CSmH .
In Considering the Several Matters which your Excellency has been pleased to referr to us; we do with regard to Long Island and Staten Island think it absolutely Necessary for the Safety & defence of this Colony that all the Stock of Cattle and Sheep (Except such as may be requisite for the present Subsistance of the Inhabitants) be removed to a distance from the Sea Coast and that this be...
I beg leave to recommend to your consideration the establishing a certain Guard at Red Hook. tis undoubtedly a Post of vast importance, detach’t Guards never defend a place equal to troops stationd at a particular Post. both Officers and men contract an Affection for a post after being there some time, they will be more industrious to have every thing in readiness and Obstinate in defence. The...
A report was sent in last Evening from the out Guards at the Narrows that there was two Ships, One Briggantine & one Schooner standing in for the Hook last Night. I was mentioning some few days past that a putrid fever prevailed in my Brigade; and that I thought it partly oweing to their feeding too freely on Animal food. Vegetables would be much more wholesome; and by your Excellencies...
I received your Letter of the 22d. of June, if it was necessary for you to Apologise for not writing sooner it is necessary also for me. But as the express conditions of my corresponding with you was to write when I had time and leave you to answer at your leisure, I think an Apology is unnecessary on either side. But I can Assure you, as you did me, that it is not for want of respect that...
Colo. Hand Reports the fleet lies much in the same situation as yesterday. Three Ships at the Hook, two Tenders cruising in the Bay. No deserters last Night, nothing material has happend since yesterday. I am in hopes to get the works on Cobble Hill compleated in a few Days, it has taken much more time than I expected, I have such a number of Guards, that the fatigue party is much smaller than...
Letter not found: from Brigadier General Nathanael Greene, 17 July 1776. On 18 July Greene wrote to GW : “I wrote to your Excellency yesterday morning.”
I receivd a line from Col. Webb last Evening directing me to enquire how many Ships had past the Narrows. Colo. Hand reported one yesterday morning, which I thought was reported in my morning report, and if it is not reported there, it was an omision of mine, I beg your Excellency to examin it. Colo. Hand reported at four OClock in the Afternoon that a Brigantine had gone down towards the...
Colo. Hand reports the Ship that went down day before Yesterday morning still continues there at the Hook. An Armed Sloop came up last Night. All the rest of the fleet continues as they were. Nothing extraordinary has happend since yesterday in this Camp—I am with all due respect your Excellency most Obedient humble servant ALS , DLC:GW .
Colo. Hand reports Seven large Ships are coming up from the Hook to the Narrows. A Negro belonging to one Strikeer at Gravesend was taken prisoner as he says last Sunday at Coney Island, Yesterday he made his escape, and was taken prisoner by the Rifle Guard. He reports Eight hundred Negroes Collected on Statten Island, this day to be formed into a Regiment. I am your Excellencys most Obedient...
Col. Hand Reports this morning the Ships that came in yesterday have Troops on board, they appear to be drest in the high Land habit. nothing material has happend in this Camp since yesterday. I have the honnor to be your Excellencys most obedient humble Servant ALS , DLC:GW .
Camp on Long Island, 23 July 1776 . “Inclosed is a Letter sent me by Colo. Varnum rellative to Capt. Read. . . . Colo. Hand reports the Enemy continues as they were.” ALS , DLC:GW . Col. James Mitchell Varnum’s letter to Greene of 22 July requests that Capt. Joshua Read of his 9th Continental Regiment be discharged because Read “is informed by letters which he cannot discredit, that his Wife...
Camp on Long Island, 24 July 1776 . “Colo. Hand reports nothing new. every thing remains in much the same situation as they were yesterday.” ALS , DLC:GW .
I have just compleated a Brigade Return for the Vacancies in the different Regiments. my Brigade is so dispersed that it is difficult geting returns seasonably; I should have made this return yesterday but could not get Col. Hands until last Evening. The out Guards reports nothing worthy your Excellencys notice this morning. I am so confind, writing passes &ca that it is impossible for me to...
The Challenge I mentiond to your Excellency the other Evening I find is given and accepted and the parties have appointed tomorrow morning to fight. As I am made acquainted with the matter I beg your Excellencys direction in what manner I am to conduct myself. This moment Colo. Hand was with me and Acquaints me that I have mistaken his intentions respecting promotions. As he is coming to Head...
Lt Colo. Chambers at Gravesend Reports Eight Sail of Shiping standing in for the Hook, but they are at too great a distance to discover what they are to a degree of certainty, but they have the appearance of Transports. I have the honnor to be your Excellencys most Obedient humble Servant ALS , DLC:GW . This letter is docketed in Samuel Blachley Webb’s writing “Long-Island 26th July 1776.”...
Colo. Hand Reports five Ships one Brigg and five Schooners at the Hook: One very large Vessel came up last Evening to the fleet. One other Ship saild about one this morning but the Col. dont write whether she went down or up. I have four Prisoners Inhabitants of Queens County that were taken yesterday attempting to make their escape to the Enemy: I am just going to examin them, if I discover...
I have examind the prisoners and find them to be a poor parcel of Ignorant Cowardly fellows. Two are Taylors named John & James Dunbar, and the other two are common labourers named Isaac Petit & Will Smith. They candidly confess they set off with an intention of going to Statten Island, but not with any intention of Joining the Enemy; but to get out of the way of fighting here. I believe the...
Col Hands reports that the Enemy continues as they were. they fird several Guns last Night different from any custom that has prevaild amongst them since the Arrival of the fleet, A considerable noise and movement of the Boats was heard, after the Signal Guns; and the hurry and confusion they seemd to be in after the firing discoverd they were Alarm’d, Perhaps they have heard of the fire...
Colo. Hands morning Report contained nothing material. Lt Colo. Chambers reports this moment that he saw at Ten this morning ten Sail of Vessels standing in for the Hook, but at too great a distance to discover what they were. Mrs Grant applies again for Permision to go on board the fleet. Should be glad to know your Excellencys Pleasure in the matter. she pleads great distress. but it can...
Colo. Hand Reports Nine Ships, four Briggs & two Sloops at the Hook that came in last Evening. Two Briggs came up to the Narrows and one went down. I am with all due respect your Excellencys most Obedient Servant ALS , DLC:GW .
Colo. Hands Reports two Ships that came in late last Evening at the Hook. nothing material has occurd in this Camp since yesterday. I have the honnor to be your Excellencys most Obedient Servant ALS , DLC:GW . Greene apparently changed the day of the month in the dateline from “31” to “30” by writing a zero over the “1.” Samuel Blachley Webb docketed the letter “Genl Greens Report Long-Island....
Colo. Hand Reports thirty Sail of Ships standing in for the Hook. Perhaps this may be part of the foreign Troops. I detacht for the Galleys between forty & fifty men yesterday. Two Companies that have been with Col. Foremans Regiment are gone from this post to Join their Regiment under General Heard. The Troops in general are exceeding Sickly, great numbers taken down every day. If the state...
The fleet reported coming in this morning consists of about forty Sail, Tenders and all, they are now off new Uttrich Shore—pilots have gone down to bring them up—The dispute subsisting between an Officer in Col. Littles Regt & Col. Varnums I hope is in a fair way to be Accomodateed. In to days Orders a Regt of General Wadsworths Brigade is orderd on this Island. if they can have Tents it will...
Colo. Hand reports nothing worthy your Excellencys notice this morning. I was at the Narrows last Evening and find the fleet that came in yesterday consisted of 36 Ships 4 Briggs & five Sloops—One Ship and a Sloop still at the Hook. I could not learn with any degree of certainty who they are. But I believe from their Uniforms they must be the Guards & Artillery. If your Excellency has leisure,...
Col. Hand Reports 21 Sail seen off last Evening, Eight arrivd at the Hook this morning and thirteen coming in. The Enemies Guard Boats pattroled much higher up the Bay than usual last Night. I apprehend a couple of Guard Boats are necessary to Pattrole from Red to Yellow Hook across the Bay leading to Rappelyeas Mills, providing there are Boats to spare. Inclosd is a return of the Officers of...
Inclosd is a list of the principal Tories in the different Towns, given by one Mr Skinner a Young Gentleman bred to the practice of the Law, and perfectly acquainted with all most all the political Charactors in the Province —Your Excellency will please to examin it, and if it meets your Approbation, signify the time youl have the execution take place, by give [giving] your orders on the back...
Col. Varnum Reports from Red Hook about sun set and after as many as One hundred Boats were seen coming from Statten Island to the Ships full of Men. Three Ships went towards the Narrows previous to which about thirty Boats with Soldiers went on board them. From the best Observations made by Capt. Foster and others there is a general Imbarcation. I have inclosd a Report from the Officer of one...
Col. Hand Reports the three Ships mentioned in my last Evenings Report gone down through the Narrows, are at Anchor in and a little below the Narrows—I was at Red Hook this morning about three OClock, but nothing further had been discovered neither has there since, that has come to my knowledge. General Herd gives furloughs to the Troops of Col. Foremans Regiment. I conceive it to be...
Colo. Hand reports three Ships at the Hook. A large Schooner saild from the watering place late yesterday in the Afternoon. she seems to direct her course towards Amboy this morning. From the fireing heard at Sea last Evening tis supposd the remainder of the Hessian fleet is at hand. Every thing at the watering place remains quiet. Nothing remarkable has happened in this Camp since Yesterdays...
Col. Hand reports a large body of Regulars are drawn up at the ferry on Statten Island; and boats ready to Imbark. I am Sir Your Excellency’s Obedient Servant ALS , DLC:GW . Although Samuel Blachley Webb endorsed this document: “General Greens Report Long-Island 10 July 1776,” he evidently erred in regard to the month. The tenth day of July 1776 was a Wednesday, while 10 Aug. 1776 was a Saturday.
There is no proper Establishment for the Supplying the Regimental Hospital with proper Utensils for the Sick. They suffer therefore for want of proper Accomodation. There is repeated complaints upon this head. The Regimental Hospitals are and ever will be renderd useless nay grieveous unless there is some proper fund to provide the necessary Conveniencies. The General Hospital cannot receive...
Colo. Hand reports this morning a twenty Gun Ship that came in last Evening fird as She past through the Narrows—and was Answerd by the Admiral—Four Ships went through the Narrows Yesterday—they are at Anchor along New Uttrect Shore. Twenty five Sail of ships are seen at a great distance at Sea coming in. If your Excellency think Col. Varnum deserveing promotion and another Brigadier is to be...
It having appeared in Orders that Colo: Hitchcocks’s Regiment is to take Possession of the Post opposite to Fort Washington I beg leave to acquaint you that their peculiar Attachment to the old regiments that are here, their thorough Knowledge of the Ground, their Discipline and the good Order in which they are respecting Arms makes me desirous of their remaining here, if it can possibly be...
I have thought proper to communicate to you certain Intelligence which I have recieved from my Brother respecting Captain Grimes, whose Conduct (if I have been rightly informed) does not entitle him to that Place in your Esteem which he now holds, nor to that Confidence which you have thought proper to put in him. His leaving the Gally at Rode Island in the Time of the Attack, to take Convoy...
Letter not found: from Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene, 19 Aug. 1776. In a letter to Hancock of 20 Aug. , GW says that he received “a Letter from Genl Greene Yesterday Evening.”
The critical situation in which the Army are in, will I hope sufficiently Apologize for my troubleing your Excellency with this Letter. The Sentiments are dictated I am sure by an honest mind, A mind who feels deeply Interested in the Salvation of his Country; and for the honnor and Reputation of the General under whom he serves. The Object under consideration, is whether a General and speedy...
The Enemy are landed at Powleys Hook, they came up this afternoon and began a Cannonade on the Battery; and after Cannonadeing for half an hour or a little more they landed a party from the Ships. General Mercer had orderd off, from the Hook all the Troops except a small Guard who had Orders to Evacuate the place from the first approach of the Enimy. General Mercer mentions no Troops but those...
I am inform’d a large body of the Enemies Troop have landed at Froggs point. If so I suppose the Troops here will be wanted there. I have three Brigades in readiness to reinforce you; General Clintons Brigade will march first. General Nixons next and then the Troops under the command of General Roberdeau. I dont Apprehend any danger from this quarter at present[.] if the force on your side are...