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I have this day forwarded, by Mail, to the late President Jefferson, for his examination, a long Essay on the propriety of establishing a National School of Science & the Mechanic Arts , at the seat of the National Government; & on a Reform of the Patent System, of the United States. It was my intention to offer this first for thy perusal, but reflecting that thy time could probably be more...
§ From Horatio Gates. 24 January 1806, New York. “Inclosed is a Letter I recived from General Moreau [not found], sent to me by the Marquis Lafayette; Mr. Temple Bowdoin intended to have calld for it, but leaving Town in bad Wether he neglected to do it, it was to have accompanied my Letter to you by that Gentleman. War in Disguise makes much Stir here! I never will beleive Armstrong is...
I take the Liberty to introduce to your Notice Mr: Temple; the Brother of Sir Grenville Temple & the Nephew of Our Ambassador in Spain; He has lately quitted The British Army, at the Instance of His Uncle; who it is presumed intends Him for his Heir. There is something very singular, & extraordinary, in the early life of this young Gentleman; He was upon service with his Regiment in three...
§ From Horatio Gates. 5 August 1805, Rose Hill. “Saturdays News paper acquainted me with your Arrival at Philadelphia; if you intend farther Northward, I have the satisfaction to Offer you Rose Hill, during your stay near New York; there you will find ease, fine Air, fine Water, & every Accomodation you can desire; Mrs: Gates Joins me in presenting her kindest Compliments to Mrs. Maddison, and...
I am charm’d with your instituting Gunn Boats; for I believe them to be the properest Defence for large Harbours that has hitherto been imagin’d; these, Cooperating with small Batteries of Heavy Guns, upon the projecting Heights near the Water, are much better, & infinitely less expensive than Fix’d, and large Fortifications; the French, who are the best Judges, of Artillery and Engineering of...
Wednesday Noon Our Whigg Printer sent me your Message to Congress; he delivered it to The public in a seperate publication; I read it Greedily; It has fix’d your Fame upon an everlasting Foundation.—I am not surprized I did not receive an Answer to my two last Letters ; for however you might be disposed to listen to my Recomendations, you could say nothing conclusive until the Louisiana...
Let the Land rejoice, for you have bought Louisiana for a Song. never was a happier moment Seized, for concluding so Glorious a Negotiation: I took the Liberty to write you about a Week ago; in that letter I introduced Colonel Wm: Smith to your Future Notice, when the necessary appointment of Officers for your new acquisition shall take place, though I mention’d him, & gave my Reasons for it,...
From my Heart I congratulate your Excellency, upon the Glorious success of The Embassy you sent to France, it must ly strike the Mind of every true Friend to Freedom in the United States, as the Greatest, & most Beneficial Event, that has taken place since the Declaration of Independence. The Fame of Your Political Wisdom is now so permanently Establish’d, that it is past the power of a...
Mr: Garnett, who does me the Favour to present you this Letter, is my particular Friend; He goes upon a Vissit of Curiosity to Washington; he is a Scientific philosophic Man; his present rage is for Agriculture. About five years since, he bought a Farm upon Rariton, within a Mile of Brunswick, where he is trying all manner of projects, in Cultivation, New, & Old; and every thing that...
Feeling an irresistable impulse for the Glory of your Administration; & convinced your Friendship will Pardon the Intrusion; I cannot forbear addressing you upon the present Political Crisis.—The Governour, & the Intendant of New Orleans, in shutting that Port, & refusing a depot for our Produce down the River; Strikes me as a preconcerted Measure between the Ministers of France & Spain; but...
This will be presented to you by my Old Friend, & Companion in the War, General Ebenezer Stevens; for particulars more explanatory relating to Him, I must refer you to my Letter to The president, which goes by the same conveyance. Read that, with attention; and you will be satisfied with the Information I wish you fully to understand. The less his political Merit, the more generosity in your...
I take the Liberty this way to introduce to your Notice General Ebenezer Stevens , my Friend, and Companion, in the War; He Commanded my Artillery at Ticonderoga in 76, & again at Saratoga in 77, and assisted in the Capture of Lord Cornwallis Army at York. His many Emminent Services, will I am [sure] merit your Notice. Throughout the war, & [for] Years after The Peace, he was a most decided...
My [ sic ] Armstrong has Sacrificed his Seat in the Senate, to his patriotism; he resigned about the 3d. Inst: afflicted with an inveterate Rheumatism, that has Tormented him all the Winter, he found himself unable to attend his Duty in Congress, and forthwith sent his Resignation to the Legislature, then in Session at Albany; this should, & I have no doubt will, have its weight with every...
To relieve your mind from the Fatigue of National Affairs, which must necessarily oppress it; I send you the inclosed from the pen of my ingenious friend, & relation , John Garnet; I take this Liberty, knowing how much you wish to be early acquainted with all Discoveries tending to Enlighten Mankind.—perhaps it may be the means of bringing two Men of Science to an intimate acquaintance;—Mr:...
When Men, like Women, go astray—there is no knowing where they will Stop. One act of folly, or Wickedness, brings another after it and down right Prostitution is the Consequence.—Our Feds: began with the Project of putting up Burr against You, and this on the Hollow principle with respect to him, that he would be lost to the Republican Party, and that at another Election he could be set aside...
I have the pleasure to Address this to You by my Friend, and long Companion in the late War, General Armstrong . He is sent to the Senate in Congress, by what I call an Unanimous Vote of this Legislature; (100, against 2;) He will most readily acquaint you with the Struggles of the Whiggs here, to bring about the Total Defeat of their Opponents; I heartily rejoice at the Glorious Event; for I...
The post which arrived within an Hour from Boston, brings an account, that a Vessel had just put into Salem , from Bourdeaux in France, after a passage of Forty Days, with Intelligence; that every Vessel in The Ports of That Republic, from Forty Tons, & upwards, was put in Requisition . (The one arrived at Salem, Sliped Her Cable and got to Sea at Night;) I conclude the like has taken place in...
I take the Liberty to Inclose you a Letter For my Highly esteemed Friend General Kuscuiusko, perhaps you may like to call upon him with it; Men, who so Sincerely seek the Happyness of Man, must be Intimate with each Other. I like, (so far as it respects Us;) what we hear, Via Norfolk from Europe. After what we have been Guilty of, we cannot expect, immediately, any thing better than to be...
I have hitherto delayed acquainting You that Mr. Maddison had obliging forwarded my Letter Book . It was in as good order as you received it. As you should not have seen it, I Inclose you Mr: Erskines pamphlet on the Causes and Consequences of The War. It run through upwards of Twenty Edditions in a Fort night in London. Every True Whigg upon this Continent must adore the Man for the Wisdom of...
Permit me thus late to present you, & Mrs: Maddison, mine, & my Marys Compliments of Congratulation; and to Wish ye both every Earthly Felicity; make us also happy by saying you will both pay a Vissit to Rose Hill next Summer; When your Letter came inclosed last Spring for Mr: William Morris, He was supposed to be Dying of a putrid Fever; His Brother the Lawyer took charge of it, & promised...
I had the satisfaction to receive your very Obliging Letter of the 3d. of Feb: from Monte Cello; it came to hand when I was Ill of a Fever, I am now thank God, quite recover’d; and have the pleasure to be able to acknowledge your kindness. I have never had the Smallest doubt, that if my letter book was in your hands but that it was as safe as in my Own; being satisfied of that, I am perfectly...
I have read with attention your Reply to Messieurs Smith, Ames, & Dexter; I am certain there is not a Sound Whigg from the River St: Croix, to the River St: Marys, that does not Honour, and applaud, the Speaker; Go on my Friend, persevere in the Glorious Cause you have uniformly supported, and there will not be a true Republican in The US. that will not with Heart, and Voice, be ready to...
Amongst the Multitude of your Friends, and Admirers, permit me to Congratulate you upon The Fame you have acquired by your Excellent, and truly Patriotic Speech, in Support of Mr: Jeffersons Report, on the Trade & Commerce of The United States: it has gaind you the General plaudit from East to West; The Murmurings of rank Tories, and Interested Factors, serve only to Increase your Popularity;...
The Hermit of Rose Hill sees it confirmed by Yesterdays post, that you have actually Resign’d your Office! but his prophetic Soul, Augurs no Benefit to the State by such a Sacrafice; If the best Seamen abandon the Ship in a Storm, she must Founder; and if all Human means are neglected, Providence will not Care for The Vessel; She must Perish! A Hermit, as He knows little of what passes in the...
By this post I have sent you Seald Up under Cover, my Letter Book; containing Copies of the Public Letters which I wrote during my Command to the Southward and some few after my return from thence; You will in the Index, find those addressed to You, regularly numbered, and Paged; this, will save your Amanuensis some trouble in Selecting them; I shall be obliged by your keeping the Book...
In compliance with your request, I have Inclosed you all The Letters I was Honoured with from you, during my Command to the Southward; and during your Administration of The Government of Virginia; Those from me, To You; shall, as soon as they can be Transcribed out of my Letter Book, be forwarded in like manner to your Hands: Mrs: Gates Joins me in Compliments and in the Hope, that you will be...
I am favoured with the receipt of your obliging Letter of the 12th: Instant and shall with pleasure Obey your Commands; Your Letters to me, during the Period you mention, are in a large Chest full of public papers; My Letters to you, are all Copied in a Book, from whence they shall be recopied, and with the others deliverd into your Hands. But what if you was to come and pass the Hot Summer...
If I am too troublesome in making the following Request, it is your own Fault, for you have encouraged me to do it. My agent, Mr. William Alexander, Mercht: in Richmond, Virginia, has by my direction, placed in the Hands of The Commissioner of Loans of that State Military Certificates, belonging to me, ammounting 14037 Dollars, & 52 Cents, to be Funded in my Name. I have lately sent Mr....
I take the Liberty to request your attention to an application to be made by Major Drumgole to Congress in behalf of the Cherokee Nation. Perhaps the Major may not be considered as the Official Character from whom in due course this application should come, but, as he is clearly the person the Cherokees confide in, I think so insubstantial a Fo[r]m may be dispersed with. Every thing I hear,...
I received The packet you Honoured me with by The Bearer Mr. J. Nourse, and immediately forwarded your Letter with The Books to the State Secretary T. Merriwether Esqr. at Richmond, with a Letter from myself, requesting him to Present it to The Committee, that is appointed to attend The General Meeting in Philadelphia. Previous to my receiving your Letter, I had The Honour to receive a packet...
By the last Alexandria Post I had the Honour to receive Your Excellency’s Letter of the 8th of November, Inclosing your Circular Letter of the 31st of October. I am truly Sorry Your Excellency Declines the Presidency of The Cincinnati, as I conceive your continuing at the Head of the Society, indispensibly necessary to the Support of The Order. The very high consideration and Respect, in which...
To the Honorable the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Virginia Pursuant to the resolves of the Honble the Senate & House of Delegates, and conformably to the direction of the Executive authority of the State, we repaired to the City of Annapolis, and held a Conference with Gentlemen appointed by the Legislature of Maryland—the result of which is contained in the Inclosure, No. 1. In...
Believe me Sir were I in Health fit to attend the Committee this Evening I would on no account fail to do it but I feel I must go to bed instead of going to Mans. You are so perfectly Master of the Business, that my Assent to your Opinions is all I have to say upon the Subject; this you may be sure of having, whenever that is called for—when a Vote must Decide, I will get a Coach, & come at...
Inclosed is a Letter from our Valuable Friend Colo. Monroe who went from hence up the North River Thursday last, and purposes going by Montreal, through the Lakes Erie, and Ontario, and so by presque Isle to pitsbourg, from whence he is to proceed to Trenton by the meeting of Congress, the 26th: October next. His remarks, and Fravels History, you will receive by the First packet after his...
Captain Castaign , who does me the Honour to present this Letter, has served with much Reputation almost from the begining of the War until its final Glorious Conclusion in 1782. He rose regularly in the Massachusetts Regiment in which he was first appointed an Ensign to the Rank of Captain, and was appointed Aid de Camp to Major General du Portail towards the Close of War. The last Campaign,...
I would beg leave to represent to Your Excellency, that Mr William Clajon was my Secretary early in 1776—and that on the 9th of January 1777 Congress confirmed this Appointment, and added to it—that of Interpreter for the Northern Department. In this situation he has continued ’till now, without any military Rank. Like other public Officers he has claims upon the attention of the Public; and,...
Report of The Board of Genl Officers, to The Commander in Chiefs Question contained in Major Walkers Letter on The other side. The Board are “Unanimously” of Opinion that an Officer Suspended Generally, is so, from Command, Pay, and all other Emoluments; and not under Military Controul during The Time of such Suspension Reports of a Board of General Officers held 16th Febry 1783 Cantonment of...
I have just now received the inclosed letter from General Putnam,—as I am not directed to grant furloughs to Officers of his rank—I take the liberty to refer his request to Your Excellency; and as I think it would be presumption in me, I shall not offer my opinion of the merit of his petition—being fully satisfied with whatever your Excellency shall please to order thereupon—with very Great...
After paying all due respect to your Excellency’s order of the 17th Ultimo, and after having heard and examined, what the parties had to alledge in support of their claim to be posted to the lieutenant colonelcies of the fourth and Sixth Massachusetts regiments vacated by the appointments of Lieut. Colonels Millen and Cobbe to be Lieut. Colonels commandant of the Third and fifth regiments of...
Agreeable to Your Excellency’s Orders, we the undersigned met at Ellisons, and took into consideration that part of The Memorial presented to Your Excellency by Brigadr General Hazen, & a number of officers of his Regiment, wherein they set forth, that by the partiallity of the Judge advocate, Mr Edwards in Conducting the Proceedings of a General Court Martial lately Assembled for the Trial of...
Agreeable to Your Excellency’s approbation of Doctor Evans’s proposal for erecting a public building communicated in the general orders of the 25th instant—The commanding officers of brigades, and regiments, assembled at my quarters, on friday last-- and directed a committee from their body, to fix upon a proper place for the Scite thereof, and to report on monday; when the officers were...
From the annexed Certificate from Major General Gates under whose command Major Debouchet principally served while in the American Army, and from my own observations while under my immediate command, I have every reason to recommend him as an Officer of Zeal—Intelligence and Bravery. Given at Head Quarters at Newburg the 8th of December 1782. DLC . These Certify that The Bearer, Major...
I am sorry to find myself obliged to acquaint Your Excellency that there is not, as yet, any Winter Quarter appointed for me and my family. When I last parted with Your Excellency, I went to the Quarter Master General, who told me, there were some persons to remove—a Guard Room to be built—and a Stable to be repaired, before I could be accommodated, at Justice Nichols’—at Ellison’s he said,...
General Lincoln has in his letter of yesterday acquainted me that it is your Excellencys desire to know, if I wish to take Command in the Army this Campaign. I beg your Excellency to believe that I am always ready to Obey your Commands, and shall be most happy when I can execute them to your satisfaction; I have but to entreat, that no attention to me, or my Rank , may interfere, or break in,...
Upon Your Excellencys return to Philadelphia, Colonel Tilghman acquainted Mr Clajon, that you had wrote to me in Virginia—as I have not received any acknowledgement of the Receipt of either of my Letters to Your Excellency of the 22th of May, & 7th of October Last, I should be wanting to myself not to acquaint you therewith; The Season has been such, that we have not received any Letters or...
The Packet which Gen: Stephen does me the Favour to deliver you with this Letter, has Travelled to Richmond, and back again to my Hands. Had the person to whom I intrusted it, been half as keen for your receiving it, as he is in the pursuit of his Own Interest, I am confident you would have got my First Letter in due Time. On the 7th: of October I wrote Gen: Washington the Letter, of which the...
The Secrecy & Expedition of Your Excellencys movement from the North River, defeated my Wish to have paid you my Compliments in person upon your Route, as I never knew of your being upon the March, until you had passed Alexandria—in this remote Corner, we seldom see a News paper, & though we ought to have a post once a Fortnight we are in that often disappointed. I hope your Excellency...
Your Favour of the 17th: Febry: and the many Marks of Respect and Attention with which you at Times have Honoured me, claim my most Thankfull Acknowledgements. I went to Philadelphia in April. Inclosed are Copies of what passed, in respect to my particular Affair between Congress, General Washington, and Myself. I earnestly Hoped, that (without being covered with Disgrace) I could have been...
I have been Honoured with your Letter of the 12th Inst. declaring to me that no charges having been brought against me before your Excellency, The Court of Inquiry into my Conduct could proceed upon no other principls in the Military Way, than the Resolves of Congress of the 5th of October last. Having been informed, that Congress had no Charges against me, I transmitted to them by the...
The last Letter I had the Honour to write Your Excellency was from Berkeley in Virginia the 15th of January. I wish it was discovered by what Artifice your Dispatches of the 8th of October were detain’d Sixty Four days with Evident Marks of their having been open’d before they reach’d me, as I already mention’d in my last Letter; The Injuries which the Public, as well as myself may have...