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I last weak informed you that I had withdrawn from Amsterdam all the stocks I held there, and had remitted to Mr. King, in London fourteen hundred pounds sterling, for which I authorised you to draw, and requested you to place the proceeds in the most advantageous manner, but not in any institution or fund depending upon our national Union; for the generality of our Countrymen are so far from...
As I have bespoke your company, upon our journey into Silesia, I begin this letter at our first resting station from Berlin. Hitherto we have indeed seen little more than the usual Brandenburg sands, & perhaps you will find our tour as tiresome as we have found it ourselves—I cannot promise you an amusing journey, though I hope it will prove so to us; & if at the sight of this my first letter...
As I have stipulated that you shall peruse none of my letters written upon this tour, but with your map in hand, I need not tell you perhaps that this is the first town we have reached after entering upon the borders of Silesia. Its distance from Frankfort is ten German miles—We left that place yesterday at one in the afternoon, & experienced again we had done more than once before how...
The dimensions of my paper compelled me to break off my last letter before I had finished giving you an account of all we had seen the forenoon we stayed at Bunzlau. Yet I had little more to say; for our visit at the orphan house, which is at the same time a public school, scarcely deserves mentioning. We saw there nothing but a chapel & a dining hall, in which there were about thirty boys at...
As my purpose is only to give you the great & general outlines of the Silesian history, with a special view to show the origin of the conquest, which made it a Prussian province, I shall merely, to complete the chronological series of its Austrians sovereigns observe to you, that the Emperor Leopold 1. at his death in 1705 was succeeded by his eldest son, Joseph. 1 who dying in 1711, made way...
Just as I enclosed my last letter to you, I had yet the opportunity to acknowledge the receipt of your No. 21. dated October. 25.—But its contents claimed further notice from me, which I had then neither time, nor room to bestow. I am sensible that by being removed from the turbulent & disgusting Scene of perpetual Scene electioneering, I am spared many a detail of vexation, which I should...
I enclose herewith, a letter for Messrs: Jennings & Woddrop of Charlestown, which I will thank you to forward to them & to send them at the same time Six dollars, which you will charge to me—I suppose you will easily find an opportunity, & be sure to send the dollars with the letter, for it is to repay money, which they have advanced, to comply with a request from me, & I know not otherwise...
Yesterday morning early we took our departure from Freystadt, & came to this place; a distance of eight german miles; five of which are in single stage from Sprotau here. The face of the country has visibly & greatly improved as we came along; & although we still had to wade through miles of sands more, or less deep, we were frequently relieved by patches of good roads, & by beautiful fields...
I have remitted to Mr. King in London five hundred pounds sterling, for which I have informed him that I should authorize you to draw upon my account, and which he will accordingly discharge upon bills drawn by you. I wish you to take the first opportunity of a favourable exchange upon London, to draw for this moneys which you will employ for me as you shall see most expedient In the same...
I arrived here last Evening and this morning received your cover, enclosing the Letter from the Secretary of the Treasury.— There are Letters here from America, as late as the 29 th: of April. M r: Murray had then sailed so that he may be looked for every day. I have not yet seen M r: Damen, and of course have made no arrangements. I shall make none immediately for my own departure. I feel a...
I herewith enclose to you the following papers. 1. An original Note of hand from Jacob Mark & Co: signed by their agent John Speyer to Mr Engel for 26000.—dated 5. April. 1795. 2. An original letter from Jacob Mark & Co: dated New York, 26. July. 1799.—which may serve in case of need to prove their acknowledgement of the debt. 3.—A power of attorney from Mr. Engel to you, authorising you to...
If your map of Silesia is a good one, the spot from which I date this will be marked upon it. If not you must make a point about half way between Hirschberg, & the Riesen gebirge , & you will hit the identical krestcham , or inn, from which I write. It is the first moment I have had for the purpose since I closed my last to you—We were told before we left Berlin, that the tour of these...
The transfer of Silesia from the Bohemian to the Hungarian dominions which as I have before informed you was the result of the Hussite wars, complicated with a disputed succession to the crowns of both those kingdoms, was followed by much more important changes in the condition of the inhabitants, than had been produced by the preceeding revolutions. The numerous petty princes, who had been...
Since our return to this place we have indulged ourselves with a few days of rest. The morning after we came back, I went over the lutheran church, which is the handsomest building in the town, & makes a conspicuous figure in all the views from the neighbouring hills. It is built in the shape of a cross, painted white, & roofed with red tile. These colours shew to great advantage here, as they...
4. August. Monday. The reason, which induces travellers, who purpose a visit to the Riesenkoppe, to pass the night before at the Hempel’s baude is, that they may ascend the mountain in the morning early enough to see the sunrise, from its summit—Such was our own intention; but when we rose at two o’clock in the morning, Louisa, found herself suffering so severe a headache, that she was obliged...
The object of this letter will be to give you an idea of the political Constitution of the province of Silesia. By the word Constitution I do not here understand what commonly goes by that name in our Country. The supreme power in this as in most the other Prussian provinces, is in the hands of a single person. It is a simple monarchy. But it is governed by permanent laws, with regular forms,...
I had been almost three months without receiving a line from you, or from any other of my correspondents in America; and although upon coolly considering circumstances I was sensible that this was the natural fruit of my own neglect of writing during the last Winter, yet as one’s feelings never make the allowances which sober reason requires, I began to think it strange to be so long without...
We have received your letter of the 12th: to Mrs. Adams, but that which you mention as having written the day before to me, has not come to hand. Perhaps the pleasures of the feast put it out of your mind to send it as I cannot well account otherwise for its not having arrived—My principal concern is that it would inform me whether you have received all the letters I have forwarded to Mr...
From the cloister at Grüssau (the day before yesterday) we returned to dine with Mr Ruck at Landeshut—It was a formal dinner of thirty persons according to the fashion of the country; we sat down soon after one, & rose from table just before six. The whole of this time is employed in eating; for the ladies & gentlemen rose together, & there was little wine drank. But as only one dish is served...
I know not how it happened, but so it was that your favor of the 11th: instt: did not come to hand untill the day before yesterday—And yesterday came those of 17th: and 19th: both together—I am sorry that you cannot get sooner off, and very glad that you are likely to get so good an opportunity for conveyance. I shall send you some more letters before you go; at present I have none...
My last letter to you, was from Dresden, and dated the 17th: of last month, since which I have not had the pleasure to receive anything from you. We spent a month at that place very agreeably, & as long as the picture gallery remained open, I did not fail to visit it almost every day. We likewise went to Königstein, & saw also at Dresden the electoral jewels, the library, the old porcellain,...
Yesterday morning early we left Schweidnitz, & came seven german miles, through the towns of Reichenbach, Frankenstein & Wertha, to this place—Reichenbach is chiefly remarkable for being the place where the last treaty between Austria & Prussia was concluded, and for a new Lutheran church, the architecture of which is at once the most simple & elegant of any similar building that I ever...
I am very much gratified to find by your favour of the 26 th: that your Journey from Brussels was so pleasant, and that you are so well satisfied with what you had seen.— I shall request Mess rs: Moliere to extend your credit with their correspondents at Paris. There is a Danish vessel going to Lisbon from Amsterdam in the course of three weeks or a month. I shall go to Amsterdam in a few days...
I received two days ago your N: 16. dated the 11th: of May, which you gave to Mr: Treat, with injunctions to take special care of it—Now, mark how, specially this recommendation was observed—In order to secure your letter from all accident, which might happen to the bag, Mr: Treat put it into his own trunk.—But being boarded by the officer of a french privateer, he was obliged to submit his...
The shortness of my paper, & of my time yesterday abridged my discription of the natural ruins at Adersback, one of the most curious objects we have yet viewed upon this journey. As I was closing my letter, the king & queen passed under our windows, on their way to Fürstenstein. There, a double entertainment combining the fashionable amusements of antient & modern times, a carousel & a...
When I closed my last letter to you yesterday morning at 2 o’clock, in Wünschelberg, from the appearance of the weather I had very little expectation of seeing the sun at the summit of the Heuschauer. About three however I sat out accompanied by my guide, with his lanthern in his hand, for it was still dark as midnight. For two hours & a half I went constantly ascending, excepting one, or two...
My last Letter to you was from Töplitz, of the 16th: of last month, since which I have received your N: 7. June 26. and 8. July 12. the former, a few days before leaving Töplitz, and the latter since arriving here.—Your punctuality, and frequency in writing, give me the greatest pleasure, and your constant attention to my affairs deserves my continual thanks.—I presume that before this time...
I have received your’s of the 26th. enclosing one for Mr Welsh—I now forward those Letters for America, with which I threatned you in my last—Of all the news which you believed or expected to believe, the only parts likely to be confirmed, are the capture of the Leander with Capt. Berry on board, and of the two french frigates by the Colossus—The burning of the transports in the Nile has no...
Mess rs: Moliere, will this day extend your credit with their correspondent at Paris, to the amount of 4000 livres more. This I presume will amply suffice for your occasions. I requested you by my last letter, to be here not later than the 25 th: of this month. There is to be a Ball on that day at the Hotel de Suéde. The Count desires me to tell you, that you will be very much wanted as a...
The most important change in the internal condition of Silesia, which followed its conquest by the king of Prussia, proceeds from the precautions which he found necessary to secure it. Under the Austrian Government, there had been no strongly fortified places to bar the progress of an invader & not more than two thousand men garrisoned within the province in time of peace. You have seen by...
Without an extraordinary portion of incredulity, I might still dispute, the full confirmation of your news, as the whole of the Brest squadron, was not taken by Sir J. B Warren, and we are yet quite uncertain here what part of it really fell into his hands—But I had rather beleive in the official confirmation of the reports announcing the destruction of the transports at Alexandria, though it...
Before we left Berlin to come upon this tour, we were advised not to pass through Breslau at all. It was said to be a large old city, resembling all other great cities, & containing nothing that deserved the attention of travellers. We had therefore not put it down upon the original list of our route. But when we found ourselves in the course of our excursion within a few miles of it, we...
I write a line in answer to your’s of the 9th: and to send you the enclosed for J. Hall, though the wind here is easterly since yesterday, and you may have improved it, to sail upon your voyage. There are no Russian troops marching towards Pomerania—There is a new Edict here against secret Societies, of which I shall immediately forward a translation, though probably not in time to reach you...
I cannot send you a duplicate without adding a Line to it; for there is a pleasure in knowing that our distant friends are well, though but one day later than we have already heard from them We have been spending several days at Charlottenburg with Dr Brown’s family, and Louisa’s health which never fails to droop at Berlin in the summer has derived benefit from it. To morrow morning we set out...
I humble myself in dust and ashes to confess that I must at one and the same time acknowledge the receipt of seven letters from you—viz—of 26 and 30. October and 29. December 1799—of 31. Jany: original and duplicate of 1. and 25. Feby: of the current year—But as if you had meant to make my responsibility less burthensome to me the numbers are not regularly noted—For N. 12 is repeated; and...
After a tour of nearly four weeks, in the course of which we have visited most of the places worthy of remark in the province of lower Silesia, we are once more here, upon our return home, which we concluded to take through Dresden & Leipzig—In my former letters from this place, you have seen how much we were pleased with it, & it is with no small satisfaction that we have now an opportunity...
The burthens, to which I referred at the close of my last letter, & to which the inhabitants of Silesia are subjected under the Prussian Government are. 1. The compulsory obligation of serving the king as soldiers. 2. The obligation of giving quarters to the troops—and 3. Of performing personal labor, & furnishing horses for the king’s use, that of his army, & of his civil officers at...
For I suppose you must have an explanation to keep you current with the vieux stile , now-a-days.— I have received your pleasant account from Brussels of your travels thus far. Continue to write me as often as you can, and sur tout return as speedily as possible. I have read something in Adam Smith about the wonders performed by division of labour. I know very well the effects of its...
I continue to number my letters, although the series containing our Silesian tour is closed, so that untill our return to Berlin, you may know whether you receive all those I write—At Dresden from which my last to you was dated, we spent six days, in the course of which I renewed my acquaintance with the picture gallery, made an excursion one afternoon to Tharandt, through the valley of...
The enclosed paper will give you an exact idea of that property belonging to of Doctor Welsh, and our Brother Charles, which it is that you would take under your care and management upon your arrival in America. When my library shall arrive from Lisbon you will consult with your mother for a place of security in which to lodge it. If it should be joined to that of my father, you will take care...
At the close of my last letter I left you, in a cool refreshing shade, in the view of the Kockelfall, from which we proceeded the same evening to this inn—It was, as you may suppose, a fatiguing day; though not so much so, as one or two we have gone through since, & several, which still await us—This village in one respect resembles an American country, more than any other spot I have seen in...
I received your N. 6. dated 3. June, about three weeks ago, at this place, and should have replied to it sooner, but for a violent fever which seized me on the first of this month, and confined me for about ten days—It was only an intermittent, and paid me no more than five visits; but they were long and severe enough to leave me very weak.—I think myself now altogether recovered, and can...
In limiting each of these letters to a single sheet of paper, I find myself often obliged to break off in the midst of my story, & to give you in different letters, fragments of our transactions in one day—My principal reason for this is to spare your patience, which I hope will last the longer for only having to undergo the trial of one sheet at a time—I now proceed therefore in the account...
On the 7th: of this month I wrote informing you that I had withdrawn from Amsterdam all the funds I had there and remitted to Mr King in London fourteen hundred pounds sterling for which I authorised you to draw upon him and employ for me, with the usual commission—I left the mode of employment to your own vigilance and discretion, excluding only to our friends of the Union in which under...
Upon our arrival here, I hastened immediately to deliver a letter I had for a clergyman of the place, Mr Hoffman. Unfortunately for us he was obliged to go early yesterday morning to Hirschberg. He requested however his friend Mr Frideric to show us the objects deserving a stranger’s curiosity here, which he has accordingly done. They consist principally of linen manufacturies of various...
The above is a duplicate of the letter, which I Sent about ten days ago, with the papers mentioned in it—I now enclose duplicates of the power & letters & authenticated copies of the original note of hand & Letter from Jacob Mark & Co: MHi : Adams Family Papers, Letterbooks.
We have received and been entertained with your letters from Dessau, Magdeburg and Brunswic.—We hope to hear from you, to day or to-morrow, at Hamburg, where upon your arrival, you must have found abundance of letters, either to, or for you. You ask for news; but you are now so much nearer the sources of all the important news, that it must rather come from you to us, than go from us to you....
After having given you a short account of the civil, political, & military Constitution of Silesia, it will be proper to say something of its administration in ecclesiastical concerns; an object somewhat complicated in a province the inhabitants of which are divided with so near an equality of numbers into Roman catholics and protestants. I have in my former letters already given you a...
I received last evening your letter of 5. May, and having written you twice within a fortnight have now not much to say.—But I cannot forbear to give you my best thanks for your care relative to my affairs both at Boston and New York, as well as your own use and employment of the authority which I gave you to draw in my behalf—I fully approve of all your proceedings. I have this day drawn upon...
I received a few days ago with great pleasure your favour of 5 March the perusal of which affected me with various sensations, some pleasing and others less so, but all, cordially participating in the circumstances affecting your welfare and happiness, mentioned in it. Neither the length of time nor the distance at which I have been from my Country, nor yet, any change in my own situation has...