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After having given you a short account of the civil, political, & military Constitution of Silesia, it will be proper to say something of its administration in ecclesiastical concerns; an object somewhat complicated in a province the inhabitants of which are divided with so near an equality of numbers into Roman catholics and protestants. I have in my former letters already given you a...
On the 7th: of this month I wrote informing you that I had withdrawn from Amsterdam all the funds I had there and remitted to Mr King in London fourteen hundred pounds sterling for which I authorised you to draw upon him and employ for me, with the usual commission—I left the mode of employment to your own vigilance and discretion, excluding only to our friends of the Union in which under...
The object of this letter will be to give you an idea of the political Constitution of the province of Silesia. By the word Constitution I do not here understand what commonly goes by that name in our Country. The supreme power in this as in most the other Prussian provinces, is in the hands of a single person. It is a simple monarchy. But it is governed by permanent laws, with regular forms,...
I last weak informed you that I had withdrawn from Amsterdam all the stocks I held there, and had remitted to Mr. King, in London fourteen hundred pounds sterling, for which I authorised you to draw, and requested you to place the proceeds in the most advantageous manner, but not in any institution or fund depending upon our national Union; for the generality of our Countrymen are so far from...
The burthens, to which I referred at the close of my last letter, & to which the inhabitants of Silesia are subjected under the Prussian Government are. 1. The compulsory obligation of serving the king as soldiers. 2. The obligation of giving quarters to the troops—and 3. Of performing personal labor, & furnishing horses for the king’s use, that of his army, & of his civil officers at...
I received only three days ago your N: 22. dated the 6th: of December, and containing the melancholy tidings of the death of our unhappy brother at New York. I had been informed of it two days earlier by a letter from my excellent friend Mr Murray at the Hague, who had seen an account of it in a New York Gazette.—Of the Situation in which he has left his wife and children you say nothing, but...
The most important change in the internal condition of Silesia, which followed its conquest by the king of Prussia, proceeds from the precautions which he found necessary to secure it. Under the Austrian Government, there had been no strongly fortified places to bar the progress of an invader & not more than two thousand men garrisoned within the province in time of peace. You have seen by...
As my purpose is only to give you the great & general outlines of the Silesian history, with a special view to show the origin of the conquest, which made it a Prussian province, I shall merely, to complete the chronological series of its Austrians sovereigns observe to you, that the Emperor Leopold 1. at his death in 1705 was succeeded by his eldest son, Joseph. 1 who dying in 1711, made way...
In my last letter, by a halfline of postscript, I told you that peace between the Austrians & French was signed. I wrote this upon information I had received just before I closed my letter, & although I had reason to believe it authentic, it has since proved erroneous. In wishing to give the latest news, you know how often we are liable to give groundless humours for facts, & therefore it is...
The transfer of Silesia from the Bohemian to the Hungarian dominions which as I have before informed you was the result of the Hussite wars, complicated with a disputed succession to the crowns of both those kingdoms, was followed by much more important changes in the condition of the inhabitants, than had been produced by the preceeding revolutions. The numerous petty princes, who had been...
Just as I enclosed my last letter to you, I had yet the opportunity to acknowledge the receipt of your No. 21. dated October. 25.—But its contents claimed further notice from me, which I had then neither time, nor room to bestow. I am sensible that by being removed from the turbulent & disgusting Scene of perpetual Scene electioneering, I am spared many a detail of vexation, which I should...
I suppose you flatter yourself, that having more than three months ago got safely out of Silesia, you are to hear nothing further about it, but indeed I shall not let you off so cheap. There still remains a very short geographical, statistical, & historical account of this interesting province, which I feel it my duty to write—Whether you will conceive it your’s to read it, I need not enquire....
It is so long since I did myself the pleasure of writing to you, that I scarcely know how to apologize for the omission; and unfortunately for me, my remissness has appeared to you greater and more culpable than it really was, as the letters which I have repeatedly written to you, have failed to reach you, from what cause I am altogether ignorant.—Being so distant even from every sea-port...
I had been almost three months without receiving a line from you, or from any other of my correspondents in America; and although upon coolly considering circumstances I was sensible that this was the natural fruit of my own neglect of writing during the last Winter, yet as one’s feelings never make the allowances which sober reason requires, I began to think it strange to be so long without...
Many months have pass’d since I received a line from you, or from my dear mother. From my brother Thomas I have no letter of a later date than July, and from the department of State I have but one dated since last February.—Perhaps I am to impute the greater part of this seeming oblivion of my american correspondents to my own remissness during the last winter—For six months however I have...
I continue to number my letters, although the series containing our Silesian tour is closed, so that untill our return to Berlin, you may know whether you receive all those I write—At Dresden from which my last to you was dated, we spent six days, in the course of which I renewed my acquaintance with the picture gallery, made an excursion one afternoon to Tharandt, through the valley of...
After a tour of nearly four weeks, in the course of which we have visited most of the places worthy of remark in the province of lower Silesia, we are once more here, upon our return home, which we concluded to take through Dresden & Leipzig—In my former letters from this place, you have seen how much we were pleased with it, & it is with no small satisfaction that we have now an opportunity...
Before we left Berlin to come upon this tour, we were advised not to pass through Breslau at all. It was said to be a large old city, resembling all other great cities, & containing nothing that deserved the attention of travellers. We had therefore not put it down upon the original list of our route. But when we found ourselves in the course of our excursion within a few miles of it, we...
When I closed my last letter to you yesterday morning at 2 o’clock, in Wünschelberg, from the appearance of the weather I had very little expectation of seeing the sun at the summit of the Heuschauer. About three however I sat out accompanied by my guide, with his lanthern in his hand, for it was still dark as midnight. For two hours & a half I went constantly ascending, excepting one, or two...
Yesterday morning early we left Schweidnitz, & came seven german miles, through the towns of Reichenbach, Frankenstein & Wertha, to this place—Reichenbach is chiefly remarkable for being the place where the last treaty between Austria & Prussia was concluded, and for a new Lutheran church, the architecture of which is at once the most simple & elegant of any similar building that I ever...
The shortness of my paper, & of my time yesterday abridged my discription of the natural ruins at Adersback, one of the most curious objects we have yet viewed upon this journey. As I was closing my letter, the king & queen passed under our windows, on their way to Fürstenstein. There, a double entertainment combining the fashionable amusements of antient & modern times, a carousel & a...
From the cloister at Grüssau (the day before yesterday) we returned to dine with Mr Ruck at Landeshut—It was a formal dinner of thirty persons according to the fashion of the country; we sat down soon after one, & rose from table just before six. The whole of this time is employed in eating; for the ladies & gentlemen rose together, & there was little wine drank. But as only one dish is served...
Upon our arrival here, I hastened immediately to deliver a letter I had for a clergyman of the place, Mr Hoffman. Unfortunately for us he was obliged to go early yesterday morning to Hirschberg. He requested however his friend Mr Frideric to show us the objects deserving a stranger’s curiosity here, which he has accordingly done. They consist principally of linen manufacturies of various...
Since our return to this place we have indulged ourselves with a few days of rest. The morning after we came back, I went over the lutheran church, which is the handsomest building in the town, & makes a conspicuous figure in all the views from the neighbouring hills. It is built in the shape of a cross, painted white, & roofed with red tile. These colours shew to great advantage here, as they...
4. August. Monday. The reason, which induces travellers, who purpose a visit to the Riesenkoppe, to pass the night before at the Hempel’s baude is, that they may ascend the mountain in the morning early enough to see the sunrise, from its summit—Such was our own intention; but when we rose at two o’clock in the morning, Louisa, found herself suffering so severe a headache, that she was obliged...
In limiting each of these letters to a single sheet of paper, I find myself often obliged to break off in the midst of my story, & to give you in different letters, fragments of our transactions in one day—My principal reason for this is to spare your patience, which I hope will last the longer for only having to undergo the trial of one sheet at a time—I now proceed therefore in the account...
At the close of my last letter I left you, in a cool refreshing shade, in the view of the Kockelfall, from which we proceeded the same evening to this inn—It was, as you may suppose, a fatiguing day; though not so much so, as one or two we have gone through since, & several, which still await us—This village in one respect resembles an American country, more than any other spot I have seen in...
If your map of Silesia is a good one, the spot from which I date this will be marked upon it. If not you must make a point about half way between Hirschberg, & the Riesen gebirge , & you will hit the identical krestcham , or inn, from which I write. It is the first moment I have had for the purpose since I closed my last to you—We were told before we left Berlin, that the tour of these...
The dimensions of my paper compelled me to break off my last letter before I had finished giving you an account of all we had seen the forenoon we stayed at Bunzlau. Yet I had little more to say; for our visit at the orphan house, which is at the same time a public school, scarcely deserves mentioning. We saw there nothing but a chapel & a dining hall, in which there were about thirty boys at...
Yesterday morning early we took our departure from Freystadt, & came to this place; a distance of eight german miles; five of which are in single stage from Sprotau here. The face of the country has visibly & greatly improved as we came along; & although we still had to wade through miles of sands more, or less deep, we were frequently relieved by patches of good roads, & by beautiful fields...
As I have stipulated that you shall peruse none of my letters written upon this tour, but with your map in hand, I need not tell you perhaps that this is the first town we have reached after entering upon the borders of Silesia. Its distance from Frankfort is ten German miles—We left that place yesterday at one in the afternoon, & experienced again we had done more than once before how...
As I have bespoke your company, upon our journey into Silesia, I begin this letter at our first resting station from Berlin. Hitherto we have indeed seen little more than the usual Brandenburg sands, & perhaps you will find our tour as tiresome as we have found it ourselves—I cannot promise you an amusing journey, though I hope it will prove so to us; & if at the sight of this my first letter...
I cannot send you a duplicate without adding a Line to it; for there is a pleasure in knowing that our distant friends are well, though but one day later than we have already heard from them We have been spending several days at Charlottenburg with Dr Brown’s family, and Louisa’s health which never fails to droop at Berlin in the summer has derived benefit from it. To morrow morning we set out...
On the 10th: of last month I wrote you a letter, informing you that I had remitted to Mr. King, our Minister at London five hundred pounds sterling, and authorizing you to draw upon him to that amount—I likewise gave you directions for the employment of the money.—I have now remitted to him five hundred pounds more, for which I hereby authorize you in like manner to draw upon him, and which...
A few days ago, I received your favours of 27. April and 15. May; together. The latter was forwarded from England by Mr Treat, and had on its passage been inspected by the officer of a french privateer. With respect to the changes of the heads of departments, I have not the means of forming a judgment—That they were necessary I can as little doubt, as I can avoid lamenting that necessity.—If...
I received two days ago your N: 16. dated the 11th: of May, which you gave to Mr: Treat, with injunctions to take special care of it—Now, mark how, specially this recommendation was observed—In order to secure your letter from all accident, which might happen to the bag, Mr: Treat put it into his own trunk.—But being boarded by the officer of a french privateer, he was obliged to submit his...
Your letter by Mr: Paleske of 28 Feby: though short gave me great pleasure as it was so long since I had enjoyed that of seeing your hand-writing—I have indeed no right to expect that you should have leisure to write me at large upon any subject, and know that a free communication of your sentiments cannot be indulged, upon public topics—With regard to private concerns it more properly belongs...
Doctor Johnson somewhere says that a short letter to a distant friend is a sort of insult; but I hope you will not be of that opinion—I know however that it is an unpleasant disappointment, after having your expectations raised by the sight of a distant friend’s superscription and seal, to find them only for a duplicate, or a letter to a third person; and I therefore add a few lines, on...
Mr: Paleske arrived here a few days after I wrote you last, and delivered me your letter and the pamphlets together with the dispatches from the Secretary of State, and the letters to my wife; which were extremely acceptable to her, as she had been so long without hearing from her parents. I was much gratified by your anecdotes respecting the proceedings in the Senate upon the Treaty—The...
I have remitted to Mr. King in London five hundred pounds sterling, for which I have informed him that I should authorize you to draw upon my account, and which he will accordingly discharge upon bills drawn by you. I wish you to take the first opportunity of a favourable exchange upon London, to draw for this moneys which you will employ for me as you shall see most expedient In the same...
I humble myself in dust and ashes to confess that I must at one and the same time acknowledge the receipt of seven letters from you—viz—of 26 and 30. October and 29. December 1799—of 31. Jany: original and duplicate of 1. and 25. Feby: of the current year—But as if you had meant to make my responsibility less burthensome to me the numbers are not regularly noted—For N. 12 is repeated; and...
The latest letters I have had the pleasure of receiving from you are of January 5. and Feby 8. But Mr: Paleske has arrived at London on his way hither, and I expect to see him here in the course of a few days—He informs me that he has letters for me from you. A longer time has elapsed since I wrote you last than I can apologize for with propriety; it is possible that at some future day I may...
A few days ago, I received your favour of 30. December of the last year; after a long interval during which I had not heard from you; and the communication with England from Hamburg having been for six weeks interrupted by the severity of the season, I was nearly the whole of that time without receiving any information from America—When it came at last, it was in one respect, of a nature...
Two days ago, I received together your letters of September 9. & 23. Numbers 9 & 10.—I now enclose copies of my letters of 30 May, & 1. July, together with a duplicate of a letter to Messrs: Jennings & Woddrop of Charlestown, which I sent you with the former of them—I still remain indebted to those gentlemen for the six dollars, & must again request you to send them the money—I regret...
The above is a duplicate of the letter, which I Sent about ten days ago, with the papers mentioned in it—I now enclose duplicates of the power & letters & authenticated copies of the original note of hand & Letter from Jacob Mark & Co: MHi : Adams Family Papers, Letterbooks.
I herewith enclose to you the following papers. 1. An original Note of hand from Jacob Mark & Co: signed by their agent John Speyer to Mr Engel for 26000.—dated 5. April. 1795. 2. An original letter from Jacob Mark & Co: dated New York, 26. July. 1799.—which may serve in case of need to prove their acknowledgement of the debt. 3.—A power of attorney from Mr. Engel to you, authorising you to...
The fortune of War, has at all times been proverbial for its versatility, but perhaps there never was an instance in which it proved itself more strongly so, than in the Events which it has produced within the last six weeks in Europe—No longer ago than the middle of last month, the affairs of France appeared to be a State nearly desperate—Externally she had for several months suffered a...
My last letter to you, was from Dresden, and dated the 17th: of last month, since which I have not had the pleasure to receive anything from you. We spent a month at that place very agreeably, & as long as the picture gallery remained open, I did not fail to visit it almost every day. We likewise went to Königstein, & saw also at Dresden the electoral jewels, the library, the old porcellain,...
I received at Töplitz, on the 3d: of last month, your kind favour of 12. June, which I did not immediately answer, because I was then in bed, with a fever, which however confined me, only for about ten days, and since then my health has again been very good.—The principal motive of our Journey to Töplitz, I wrote you before I left Berlin. It was on account of my wife’s health, and with the...
My last Letter to you was from Töplitz, of the 16th: of last month, since which I have received your N: 7. June 26. and 8. July 12. the former, a few days before leaving Töplitz, and the latter since arriving here.—Your punctuality, and frequency in writing, give me the greatest pleasure, and your constant attention to my affairs deserves my continual thanks.—I presume that before this time...