Baltimor April the 18th 1781
My Dear General
Every one of My Letters Was writen Upon So Lamentabl a tone that I Am Happy to Give you a Pleasanter Prospect the Anxiety I feel to Relieve Your Mind from a Small part of those Many Sollicitudes And Cares which our Circumstances Conspir to Gather upon you, is the Reason of My Sending this Letter By the Chain and With a Particular Recommendation.
When I left Susquehana Ferry it was the General opinion that we Could not Have Six Hundred Men By the time we would Arrive at our Destination This and the Shocking Situation of the Men afforded the More Gloomy prospects as the Board of War Have Confessed their total Inability to Afford us Relief Under these Circumstances I Have emploïed every personal Exertion, and Have the pleasure to inform you that desertion Has, I Hope, Been put to an end.
On My Arrival on this Side of the Susquehana, I Made an order for the troops wherein I Endeavoured to throw a kind of Infamy upon desertion, and to improve every particular affection of theirs- Since that, desertion Has Been lessened. Two deserters Have Been taken up one of whom is Hanged to day and the other (Being an excellent Soldier) will Be forgiven But dismissed from the Corps as well as an other Soldier who Behaved [A Miss]. To these Measures I Have Added one which my feelings for the Sufferings of the Soldiers and the peculiarity of their Circumstances Have prompted me to Adopt.
The Merchants of Baltimore Lend me a sum of about 2000 pounds which will procure some shirts, Linnen over alls Shoes, and a few Hatts- The ladies will make up the Shirts and the over alls will Be made By the detachements So that our Soldiers Have a chance of Being a Little more Comfortable- The Monney is Lent upon My Credit, and I Become a Security for the payement in two year’s time, when By the french Laws I may Better dispose of My Estate- But Before that time, I am to use My influence with the french Court, in order to Have as Soon as possible this Sum of Monney added to any Loan Congress will Have Been able to obtain from them.
In Case you are told, My dear general, that My Whole Baggage Has Been taken in the Bay I am sorry I Cannot Discountenance the Report.-But when the Mention of Papers and Maps will Be made, don’t Aprehend any thing Bad for my papers nor for the Maps you Have put in My possessions. Nothing Has Been lost But writing paper and printed Maps- The fact is this—when at York I Had Some Continental Soldiers and My Baggage to Send up in a Safe Barge and an unsafe Boat, I of Course gave the Barge to the Soldiers who Easily went to Annapolis- The Baggage was put in the Boat and Has not Been Since Heard of. But Being Aware of the danger I took By land with me Every article that on Public Accounts was in the Least Valuable.
By a letter from Baron de Stuben dated Chesterfield Court House the 10h April I find that General Philips Has at Por[smouth] 1500 or 2000 Men added to the force under Arnold. Proper allowance Being Made for Exagerations I aprehend that His whole Army Amount to 2500 men which oblige me to Hasten My March to Frederis Burg and Richmond where I expect to Receive orders from Gnl Grene.
The Importance of Celerity, the desire of lengthtening the Way Home and immense delays that would Stop me for an age Have determined me to Leave our tents, Artillery &c. under a guard and with orders to follow as fast as possible while the Rest of the detachement By forced Marches and with Impressed Waggons and horses will Hasten to Fredriburg or Richmond, and By this, derange the Calculations of the Ennemy. We Set off to Morrow and this Rapid mode of travelling added to My other precautions will I Hope keep up our Spirits and Satisfaction. With the Highest Respect and tender affection I Have the Honor to be dr gnl Yours
DLC: Papers of George Washington.