Head Quarters New Windsor Wednesday February 14th 1781
The General with great satisfaction communicates to the Army the following Intelligence just received of important and brilliant successes lately obtained over the Enemy in South Carolina.
Brigadier General Morgan who commands the light troops of General Greene’s army having taken post at the Cowpens near Cherokee ford on broad river with about eight hundred men regulars and militia including a body of light dragoons under Lieutenant Colonel Washington was attacked there on the 17th of January in the morning by Lieutenant Colonel Tarleton with a body of horse and infantry amounting to about a thousand—The enemy at first charged with great impetuosity and advancing under a severe fire drove in our advanced parties and being more numerous gained the flanks of the principal body and obliged them to retire about fifty paces; there a halt was made and our troops in turn advancing with a brisk fire threw the enemy into disorder which being observed by Lieutenant Colonel Howard of the Maryland troops he gave orders to the whole to charge bayonets which We executed with such vigor as to complete the route of the enemy and oblige them to a precipitate flight—Lieutenant Colonel Washington about the same time perceiving that the British Cavalry had fallen upon our Riflemen charg’d them with such firmness as immediately drove them into confusion. This was the more honorable from the disparity in numbers Colonel Washington having only eighty horse and the enemy two hundred and eighty. The enemy were pursued more than twenty miles—their Loss consisted in ten commissioned officers and upwards of an hundred rank and file killed and two hundred wounded—twenty nine commissioned officers and five hundred prisoners—two field pieces—two Standards—eight hundred musquets—one travelling forge—thirty five waggons—upwards of an hundred dragoon horses—and their Music—all which articles fell into the hands of our troops In their retreat they destroyed the greatest part of their Baggage which was considerable—the Loss on our side consisted only in twelve killed and sixty wounded.
This Victory so decisive and Glorious gained with an inferior force over a select corps of British troops reflects the highest honor on our arms and must have an important influence on the Affairs of the South.
About three weeks before Lieutenant Colonel Washington with his dragoons and some mounted Militia had fallen in with a party of two hunderd and fifty Georgia tories killed and wounded an hundred and fifty and took forty prisoners.
DLC: Papers of George Washington.