Newport February 8th 1781.
I am exceeding glad of the good news which your Excellency gives me about the entire reduction of the Last mutinery that had taken place among a part of the Jersey Line, and of the example of rigor that you thought necessary to give to terminate in a solid manner these movements of Mutinery. I cannot flatter myself that I shall have the honor to see here your Excellency but only after you will have established supplies and provisions for your army, so as to have no uneasiness about the wants that it might have in your absence.
The Chevalier Destouches waits only for a favorable wind to send a Line of battle ship, a 64. copperbottomed, with two frigates to go and warmly fall upon Arnold’s convoy in the rivers of Virginia. he has not chosen to add to that detachment another ship, as none of the 64. in this squadron are copper bottomed, and he dares not venture in these rivers a 74, he says further that he will be more able, with the rest of his fleet that he will hold in readiness to set sail, to hold in respect the enemy’s fleet in Gardner’s bay, to hinder it from making another detachment, and that his ship being as fast a sailor as his frigates, will be superior in its force to the 40. gun ship and the frigates that escort the convoy of Arnold, to destroy it and afterwards cruize, without danger at the entry of Chesapeak bay, as they are very fast sailors and very sure ones.
I join here for your Excellency the Last intelligences I have received, the first from Grenada by a Brig. arrived at New London, the 2d from the Consul of Boston, Your Excellency will see that tempests are gathering at the Leeward islands, the English meteors are there already, but I cannot not flatter myself that a big cloud conducted by the Count d’Estaing will Likewise fall in these parts, besides the 2d Division, to give us, at the first unfolding of the Leaf, the superiority upon these seas, the Intelligence from Boston seems to me to be too old not to be anticipated, but there is no harm, tho’ the Count d’Estaing should arrive Last of all. however, it may be, we are at the eve of great events, and the Chevalier Destouches wills not to be imprudent in the mean time, as he nothing new for to refit his ships, even after a successful fight. such is the Last resolution that he had communicated to me in our Last conference. The Bristish have masted the Bedford with the masts of the Culloden, he is distinctly seen from New London.
If your Excellency thinks proper to communicate this Letter to the Chevalier de La Luzerne, I beg you would recommend him to keep the plan of the Ch. destouches secret even from Congress. I am with respect and personal attachment, Sir Your Excellency’s most obedient most humble Servant
le Cte De Rochambeau
DLC: Papers of George Washington.