Philadelphia January 6. 1781
Your Excellency will receive herewith enclosed, the Copy of a Report of Committee and consequent Resolve of Congress; with Copies of Letters from Mr Abraham Skinner & Mr David Sproat, and Memorial from George Lyman & others Prisoners in the Provost at New York.
By these Despatches you will see the cruel Treatment exercised by the Enemy towards the Prisoners in their Hands, and that in the Opinion of Congress an Exercise of the Law of Retaliation is become necessary.
Driven by Necessity; from the unwarrantable & inhuman Practices of the Enemy, Congress have adopted the Measures directed in the foregoing Resolve, which your Excellency will please to observe so far forth as they relate to your Province.
I have also enclosed two Acts of Congress of the 2d & 3d Instant; by the former your Excellency will be informed of the Mode in which Colonel Armand may be permitted to recruit his Corps, and by the latter of the Resignation of Doctor Shippen—I have the Honor to be with the highest Regard your Excellency’s most obedient & most humble Servant
Sam. Huntington President
DLC: Papers of George Washington.
Commissary Prisoners Office December 26th 1780
I am much indebted for your particular attention in forwarding on the Prisoners from Philadelphia and for your attention to our money matters.
I find no difficulty in negociating my business with Loring in the land exchanges and I wish I could say as much of our friend Sproat, whose conduct I cannot account for he denys having any hand in sending our poor fellows home in the Yarmouth, and tho he acknowledges a ballance due to Philadelphia yet he absolutely refused to make the remittance—This I thought so unreasonable that I could not help abusing him and insisted on his sending the Philadelphians out, which he promised to do; but as he is a creature without power I fear he will not be able to accomplish it.
From what I can learn there is another Vessel preparing to take another parcel of our Captains and Mates (now on board the Prison Ship to England) and the only reason they assign for it is, because they were taken in armed Vessels.
I think it high time that something should be done. Pray dont attemp letting a Capt. in the naval line or any one under his rank have a parole, nor dont on any account send on a Man untill they send out some, for believe me there is not the least faith to be put in those People and they really act with as much villainy as you can suppose. There may be enough who will begin to find fault with this rigorous treatment but my God was you to see the manner in which our Officers & Men are confined in their Prison Ships, you would almost forget the Rules of decency towards those People. I am Sir Your most Obedt Humble Servt
Comy Genl Pris.
Provost condemned Room Decr. 28. 1780.
The honorable, the Congress
This is the fourth day of our being at this place—have drew no kind of subsistance except water, we have not yet been informed the cause of such treatment—if it is for retaliation we will endeavour to bear it, yet think ourselves improper subjects to bear such hardships, noone but those who experience can form an Idea of the diasgreeableness of the place—We are exposed to the North west blasts with out the least obstruction to the cold except the grates—Humbly sollicit something may be immediately done for us—consider the long imprisonment we have bore, and most of that time destitute of any thing to make us comfortable—We have disposed of cloathing to prisoners exchanged with the prospect of having necessaries sent to us from Jerseys, but have never received any thing for them, being informed that the commandant at Elizabeth town would not suffer any such necessaries to be sent us.
The severity of weather in this place will not admit of many words—beg the honorable Congress will consider our hard fate and relieve us from such scenes of distress and they will lay many obligations on their very humble servants
Master of Whale boats
New York 30th Decr 1780
You have too long been a witness of the distress and misery attending on imprisonment you will therefore use your endeavours to get as many released as possible—Altho you are greatly indebted—a number of our people are withheld from us, at Hartford in Connecticut—at East town in Pennsylvania and at Philadelphia, which for the good of the whole had better be sent in. I mention this to you because I believe you to be a man of humanity and Am sir, Your mo. hume Servt
Commissary Genl N.P.