Hd Qrs Passaic Falls Oct. 22: 1780
The Gentn who will have the honor of presenting you with this letter, is Majr Genl Greene, a particular friend of mine, and one who I would beg leave to recommend to your civilities. He is going to take command of the Southern Army, and calls at Annapolis to make some arrangements with the State respecting its supplies which are turned into that direction.
This Gentleman is so intimately acquainted with our situation & prospects—& can relate them with such accuracy, that I shall not trouble you with them—My best respects attend Mrs Fitzhugh and the young Officer, whose final exchange is, I hope, not far distant; if the Prisoners we have in this quarter will reach the date of his captivity in the exchange we are about to make. The Comy is now gone in with powers to effect this purpose. I am Dr Sir Yr Obt & Affect. Hble Ser.
P.S. I hope the Assemblies that are now sitting, or are about to sit, will not rise till they put three things in a fair & proper train.
First, to give full & ample powers to Congress, competent to all the purposes of War.
Secondly, by Loans & Taxes to put our finances upon a more respectable footing than they are at present. and
thirdly, that they will endeavour to establish a permanent force—These things will secure our Independency beyond dispute—but to go on in our present System—Civil as well as military is a useless & vain attempt. Tis idle to suppose that raw and undisciplined Men are fit to oppose regular Troops—and if they were—our present Military System is too expensive for any f[und]s except that of an Eastern Nabob—and in the Civil line instead of one head and director we have, or soon shall have, thirteen, which is as much a monster in politicks as it woald be in the human form. Our prest distresses, & future prospects of distress, arising from these & similar causes, is great beyond the powers of description & without a change must end in our ruin. I am &ca
NHi: Papers of George Washington.