George Washington Papers
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To George Washington from Nathanael Greene, 14 October 1780

West Point Octo. 14 1780


Inclosed I send your Excellency the estimates of the annual expence of the war; and the amount of what each State can pay towards the charge. Nothing more can be expected from them than to prove that our income is not equal to our expence. They are calculated upon as low or lower scale than the real case will amount to.

Besides these estimates there are several other matters not included in the bills namely the expences of the Navy, the charge of inlisting Men, the support of our Ministers abroad at foreign Courts, the interest of our funded Monies with a great variety of other matters which can only calculated upon under the head of contingencies; but will operate upon the people in the bills of general charges. On the other hand the States are taxed as high as they can bear and much higher I am afraid than will be paid; unless our governments are far more nervous than they have been.

By the account current your Excellency will see that our expences overrun our income near one half; and this is a fact that I have been along time convinced of; tho I did not think, our arrearages had been as great as I now am perswaded they are.

I wish my knowledge was [more] competent to the business; and that I had, [had] more leisure to have done justice to [the] subject. I have devoted as much time, paid as much attention and got as good information as my situation and circumstances would admit. If the calculations shall in any manner reflect any light upon the subject; or pave the way to further and more accurate estimates I shall be amply rewarded. I am with great esteem & regard your Excellencys Most Obedient humble Sert

Nath. Greene

DNA: RG 93—Manuscript File.


Expenses annually for support of the War

Lawful money
By amot of annual tax of the State of
New Hampshire exclusive of internal
expences as pr estimate No. 9 £ 70.000
By do of Massachusetts do pr do 300.000
By do of Rhode Island do pr do 40.000
By do of Connecticut do pr do 220.000
By do of New York do pr do 80.000
By do of New Jersey do pr do 90.000
By do of Pensylvania do pr do 300.000
By do of Delaware do pr do 25.000
By do of Maryland do pr do 140.000
By do of Virginia do pr do 300.000
By do of North Carolina do pr do 130.000
By do of South Carolina do pr do 20.000
By do of Georgia do pr do 20.000
Dollars 5.716.666 2/3

Dr United States in Acct Curr. of National With the Finances of Government 1780.

To amount of deficiencies of arms accoutrements and
ammunition as pr est: No. 1 284 536
To Amt of deficiencies in Ammunition for
field artillery &a as pr No. 2 52.245 1/3
To amt of deficiencies of shells shotts &a as
pr account No. 3 360.176 3/4
To amt of yearly pay for 49 Regiments of
infantry 4 Cavalry four artillery No. 4 3.541 396
To amt of 15.535130 rations necessary for
32.000 men for a year @ 1/4 each No. 5 3.452.251
To amt of Qr M. General department No. 6 2.660.226
To amt of Hospital department No. 7 331 724
To amt of Cloathing for 32000 men &a No. 8 736.000
Total Dollars 11.418.555
Deduct amt of Stores supposed to be on hand
in the Qr Master’s Clothier’s and
Hospital departments 870.000
This is calculated on the lowest estimate without any allowance for Contingent expences nor are the expences of the Foederal administration included.
Amount of annual expences 11.418.585
Amount of Stores in the Qr Mrs Commissary Clothing and
Hospital department 870.000
10 548.555

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