Albany July 29th 1780
This morning I did myself the Honor to Transmit your Excellency an account of the situation the Garrison of Fort Schuyler is in. It being now Six A:M: I have received a Letter from Major Graham at present the Commanding Officer of which the enclosed is Copy—I am sorry to inform your Excellency that the Garrison is Short of provisions, & that the Convoy with provisions has been Stop’d between the Country & Fort Schuyler, & if not attacked will be obliged to return to Fort Herkermer Amongst this are sixty men of my Regt who were sent down as an Escort to the provisions; Amunition is wanting at this place for which I have ordered application to be made some time ago. I am most Respectfully Your Excellencies Obedient servant
DLC: Papers of George Washington.
Fort Schuyler July 27th 1780
Yesterday about six O’Clock in the afternoon a body of about eight hundred of the Enemy including two hundred whites encamped a little below the Indian field—I sent some of the Oneidas amongst them who inform that they saw several British Officers one a German who wore a Star at his breast Joseph Brant was with them—This morning about sunrise they paraded a little below the Old Fort—in full View, we immediately saluted them with the Artillery & drove them back after which they fell to killing the Horses & Cattle belonging to the Oneida Indians that were not put up & firing at the Fort till Nine O Clock our Artillery behaved exceeding and I believe killed some of them they are now returned to their Camp for how long I can’t tell.
S[c]onondo & Peter are with them and have got their families, the rest of the Oneidas are with us in the Fort & seem determined to oppose them. previous to this I had sent Capt. Hicks, with sixty Men, & fifty Oneida Warriors to Guard up the Boats from Fort Herkermer.
The situation of the Garrison oblidged me to take this step as I was informed by Express that Capt. Van Rensselaer could not proceed for want of a Guard—I recd information of the Enemies approach yesterday in good time to inform Capt. Hicks who has Fortifyed himself at Old Fort Schuyler agreeable to my orders—The Grasshopper is of opinion that the Enimy are coming to Besiege the Fort & this party is come to cut off our communication—You know the situation of the Garrison & the condition we must be in should the Boats miscarry—I have ordered Capt. Hicks to continue Fortifying his little Fort till he is relieved from below our little handfull of min behaved with the greatest spirit and chearfullness & are determined to defend the Fort while they can get a horse or Dog to eat, what pity such brave Troops should be used in such a Scandalous manner. I remain in haste your’s