Near Bryants tavern June 23rd 1780 11 oClock
I informed your Ex’y this morning that the enemy were on the advance in force. I now acquaint you, that they proceeded with vigor until they had gain’d Connecticut farms. They then were checked by Colo. Dayton’s regiment. They have since advanced in two formidable Columns on the springfield & Vox hall roads After very obstinate insistance they are now in possession of Springfield with one Column, with the other, they are advanced near the Bridge leading to Vox hall where Angell’s piquitts lay—From present prospects they are directing their force against this pass, which I am determined to dispute, so far as I am capable They are pushing a Column to our left, perhaps to gain the pass in our rear towards Chatham. If they pursue this object, we must abandon our present position—The Militia to our aid are few & that few are so divided as to render little or no support.
They advance with seven pieces of Artillery in front; and appear not disposed to risque much The Militia are collecting & I hope to derive support from them. I am your Ex’y’s most obedt humble servant
DLC: Papers of George Washington.