George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Charles Stewart, 2 June 1780

2 June 1780

An Estimate of the daily Issues to an Army Consisting of 40,000, Rank & File exclusive of Sergeants.


per day
Commander in Cheif 80
25 General Officers @ 15 Ea. 375
240 Feild Officers (Supposing 80 Regts.)
@ 3 Ea. 720
2480 Captains, Subalterns & Regimental Staff
(supposing 31 to each Regiment)
@ 2 Ea. 4960
2666 Sergeants (Supposing 4 to 60 Men) 2666
Rank & File 40,000
Hospital Department 250
Commissaries General 25
Forage Department 60
Geographers & Surveyors 20
Cloathiers Department 20
Engineers sappers & Minors 200
20 Brigade Commissaries & their Clerks
@ 2 Ea. 80
10 Clerks & Storekeepers in Q. M. Genls Department
@ 2 Ea. 20
60 Officers in the Waggon Department
@ 2 Ea. 120
50 Officers of Artificers @ 2 Ea. 100
40 Officers of Boats @ 2 Ea. 80
800 Artificers 800
400 Sailors & Boatmen 400
1500 Waggoners 1500
12 Superintendants of Roads, Expresses, Guides &C.
@ 2 Ea. 24
60 Butchers 60
20 Commissaries of Hides 20
800 Women & Cooks 800
120 Provost & Drovers 120
600 Waggoners employed from Delaware & North River
to Camp hauling provision, Forage & Stores 600
Total Rations pr day 54,100
54,100 Rations at One pound & one quarter of flour or Bread
amounts to sixty seven Thousand, Six hundred &
Twenty five pounds pr day which at Two hundred
pounds pr Barrel is equal to Three hundred & thirty
eight Barrels flour pr day and for Thirty days will
require Ten Thousand One hundred & forty Barrels.

To furnish this flour with Certainty the following Quotas and places of deposits are proposed.

Maryland To furnish to be deliverd at Trenton 2500
Delaware To Ditto 500
Pensylvania To furnish 1000 to deliverd at Easton
1000 to be deliverd at Corryels Ferry
3000 to be deliverd at Trenton
Jersey To be deliverd in Camp 500
Connecticut at the North River at the Sound, as
the Commander in Cheif may direct 1500
New York To be deliverd at Albany or elsewhere 140
Total Barrels Flour 10,140

An equal Quantity of Beef will be required, the mode of estimating Cattle on foot has been very injurious to the public and may be of ruinous consequence. In the present case it is proposed that the Cattle furnished, be Slaughtered at Camp, and the exact weight fixed. This will do equal Justice to the States and to the Army.

New Hampshire, for thirty days at the rate of
9000 pounds Beef pr day Delivd in Camp
Massachusetts 17000 pounds Ditto
Connecticut 25,000 pounds Ditto
New York 3,000 lbs. delivd Albany or elsewhere
at Camp
New Jersey 1625 pounds
Pensylvania 4000 pounds Ditto
Rhode Island 2000 pounds Ditto
Delaware 3000 pounds Ditto
Total 64,625 pounds of Beef pr day

Rum, allowing a Gill to each Ration will Require upwards of Twenty Two hogsheads pr day, Estimating them at One hundred Gallons each. Great peculation is made on this Costly and usefull article, and tho’ it is not propos’d by this estimate to fix a Gill of Rum as part of a Ration. Yet provision should be made for having it to Issue, when the Commander in Cheif thinks proper.

Two thousand two hundred & fifteen Gallons pr day for thirty days will amount to Six hundred & Sixty five Hogsheads of which

New Hampshire to procure & Deliver at Camp 25
Rhode Island Ditto 25
Massachusetts Ditto 350
Connecticut Ditto 60
Pensylvania at Trenton 155
Maryland Ditto 50
Total Hogsheads for 30 days. 665

Soap & Candles should be instantly provided by the Superintendant Contractor for the State of New Jersey, and deliverd to Commissary at the Magizine—what provision Colo. Blain has made for Vinegar we dont know but the health of the Army requires considerable Supplies of that Article.

One Thousand Bushels of Salt will be necessary in this Month. One half of which to be furnishd by New Jersey, and the other half by Pensylvania 1000

The Officers of the Army as well as the Troops in General in the summer season are anxious for Bacon. There is little or none provided for this Campaign in addition to the Beef. It is proposed to require of

Virginia 30,000 pounds of Bacon
Maryland 20,000 pounds of Ditto
Delaware 5,000 pounds of Ditto
Pensylvania 30,000 pounds of Ditto
Connecticut 30,000 pounds of Ditto
Massachusetts 30,000 pounds of Ditto
Total 145,000 pounds of Bacon

This quantity would be three days supply for the whole, and we think may readily be furnished by all the above States.

No allowance for Wastage, pecutation, or damages of any kind is made in the foregoing Estimation great deficiencys arise on flour in transportation, no Adequate punishment on waggoners for plundering Stores Great allowance should be made for even accidental losses in order to be certain that the supplys hold Out at least from ten to fifteen per Cent on the whole Estimate will be found a Moderate allowance. I am Your Excellencys most Obedient Servt

Chas Stewart

DNA: Item 39, Letters from George Washington, PCC—Papers of the Continental Congress.

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