George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Fairlie Christie, 25 March 1795

From Fairlie Christie

Kingston Jamaica, March 25th 1795.


I hope your Excellency will excuse a Stranger taking the Liberty of addressing a Letter to you, but although I have not the Honour of knowing you personally, I am no Stranger to the Character and many Virtues you possess; Mr Hylton who lately arrived here from America, having mentioned your Excellency’s Wish to have a Bread fruit plant, as also some others of the Plants we have lately had introduced into this Island, I have by the Ship which carries this, sent your Excellency 39 Plants, a Catalogue of which you will please to receive inclosed, as also a Catalogue of such Plants as are in our Botanick Garden in Leguanea, by the first opportunity you shall receive a Catalogue of the Plants in the Botanick Garden at Bath,1 and I beg Leave Sir, to assure you, that you will confer much Honour and Pleasure on me, by sending me a List of such Plants, that are either the Growth of this Island, or of such as are in either of our publick Gardens, that you wish to have sent you, and you may depend on their being got ready for you with the utmost Expedition, having the Honour of being one of the Members of Assembly who are Trustees for both Gardens, I have a Right to order such Pla⟨nts⟩ as I chuse, but I am very certain if our Assembly was sitting that they would take much Pleasure in ordering such Plants as you thought would be useful or Ornamental, to have introduced into America, Dr Dancer2 has got 3 Bread fruit plants in Baskets for your Excellency at Bath but they will not be ready for near six Weeks, but if a good Opportunity offers, I will send you one Plant before that Time, we have already eaten the Fruit, it far surpasses our most sanguine Expectations, and if it will thrive in the Southern parts of America it will be a great Aquisition, but I doubt it; it is however well worth the Tryal; the Akee, the Jaack & the Cherimoya are all very fine Fruits the last is the Fruit so much celebrated for the Fragrance of its Flowers, and the richness of its Fruit, by Don John de Ulloa in his Voyage to Peru, to measure a Degree of Latitude near the Equator,3 the Akee when eaten raw, tastes like an unripe Filbert, when boiled till soft, in Salt & Water, and beat up with a little Butter, Salt & Pepper, it resembles, and infinitely surpasses in Flavour, the richest Marrow, the Jaack Fruit weighs above 20 lb. and it eats when washed in Salt & Water, like a rich pine & Granadillo mixed, we have them in thousands, any Quantity of the Plants may be had, or of any that are in the Catalogue if such as the Botanist mentions can conveniently be sent us, we will esteem ourselves honoured and much obliged, I most fervently pray God, long to preserve your Excellency, for a Blessing to those people, which he in his mercy has destined you to govern, and for an Example to all mankind—I have the Honour to be with the utmost Respect Your Excellency’s most obedient and most humble Servant

Fairlie Christie


Fairlie Christie (d. 1806) represented Port Royal in the Jamaican House of Assembly.

1In addition to the list that follows, Christie evidently sent at this time Arthur Broughton’s Hortus Eastensis: or, a Catalogue of exotic plants cultivated in the Botanic Garden, in the mountains of Liguanea, in the Island of Jamaica … (St. Jago de la Vega, Jamaica, 1794). The Bath catalog—Thomas Dancer’s Catalogue of plants, exotic and indigenous, in the Botanic Garden, Jamaica (St. Jago de la Vega, Jamaica, 1792)—was in GW’s library at the time of his death (Griffin, Catalogue of the Washington Collection description begins Appleton P.C. Griffin, comp. A Catalogue of the Washington Collection in the Boston Athenæum. Cambridge, Mass., 1897. description ends , 557).

2Thomas Dancer (c.1755–1811) was a physician at Bath, Jamaica, as well as island botanist. In addition to the catalog sent to GW, he was the author of A brief history of the late expedition against Fort San Juan, so far as it relates to the diseases of the troops (1781) and A short dissertation on the Jamaica bath waters (1784). He later wrote The medical assistant, or Jamaica practice of physic (1801).

3Christie was referring to the French and Spanish expedition that sailed for South America in 1735. The Spanish members were navy officers Jorge Juan y Santacilia (1713–1773) and Antonio de Ulloa y de la Torre-Guiral (1716–1795). Their account of the trip, published as Relacion historica del viage a la America Meridional hecho de orden de S. Mag. … (4 vols., Madrid, 1748), was translated into English as A Voyage to South-America: Describing at Large The Spanish Cities, Towns, Provinces, &c. on that extensive Continent. … (2 vols., London, 1758). For the description of the cherimoya in the translation, see 1:298–99.

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