From Henry Knox
Falls of Schuylkill [Pa.] 16 Nov. 1793
I have the honor to submit two letters of Major Genl Wayne one dated the 17th of Septr and the other the 5th of October with a variety of enclosures, including the proceedings of the Court martial upon Ensign Morgan.1
In addition to the information contained in these papers, I am informed that the late Lt Jennifer who was cashiered,2 arrived at Pittsburg from Head quarters who says that General Scott arrived at Fort Washington on the 7th Octr a few hours after Genl Wayne had marched, with nearly six hundred mounted voluntiers, and that as many more were expected hourly. I have the honor to be with the highest respect sir your obedient Servt
ALS, DLC:GW; LB, DLC:GW.
1. Gen. Anthony Wayne’s letter to Knox of 17 Sept. reported his receipt of the commissioners’ letter of 23 Aug. notifying of the failure of their peace talks with the Indians. Regretting that the commissioners had not accepted as final the Indians’ answer of 31 July, “but rather chose to place Confidence in a Mr Matthew Elliot, an artful designing–interested man-–the partner of Colo McKee who was apprehensive that we shou’d receive intelligence too soon, & be better prepar’d for a forward move, in due season & before the Grass shou’d fail,” Wayne described his preparations for that move: calling on Maj. Gen. Charles Scott to join him with troops at Fort Jefferson, ordering quartermasters and contractors to collect their means of transportation, and creating a list of appointments and reorganizing his army. Wayne questioned the “propriety” of his acting on John Morgan’s court-martial, as it had originated before Wayne was called into service, and he enclosed the proceedings for GW’s decision. In response to Knox’s order, Wayne enclosed a determination on the relative ranks of captains in his army. In addition he enclosed various items about the Chickasaws: letters from Piomingo to Gen. James Robertson and from Robertson to Wayne, and the report of Lt. William Clark, who was given charge of stores sent to the tribe (Knopf, Wayne description begins Richard C. Knopf, ed. Anthony Wayne, a Name in Arms: Soldier, Diplomat, Defender of Expansion Westward of a Nation; The Wayne-Knox-Pickering-McHenry Correspondence. Pittsburgh, 1960. description ends , 272–75).
Wayne’s letter to Knox of 5 Oct. reported the arrival of three companies of troops totaling about 170 men and some damaged clothing, on which he enclosed a report. Wayne faulted Col. John Clark for “Neglect of duty & disobedience of Orders” in the forwarding of men and supplies and enclosed a letter from Maj. Isaac Craig as evidence. Wayne reported a shortage of auxiliary forces, only 36 guides and 360 mounted volunteers, enclosing copies of his correspondence with Governor Isaac Shelby and with General Scott about the Kentucky mounted volunteers, and adding that he had even ordered a draft of militia with “but little hopes of success.” Moreover, in addition to the “considerable number of Officers & men sick & debilitated from fevers & other disorders incident to all Armies,” his legions had been struck with influenza, with a reduction in force illustrated by an enclosed general return of the legion. As a result Wayne would “not be able to advance beyond Fort Jefferson with more than Twenty Six Hundred regular Effectives, Officers included.” Nonetheless, his plans were to “advance tomorrow with the force I have, in order to gain a strong position about Six miles in front of Fort Jefferson, so as to keep the Enemy in Check.” Wayne believed that the “present apparent tranquility on the fronteers” was evidence that the enemy was collecting to attack his army; by his movement, they might “probably be tempted to attack our lines. . . . They can not continue long embodied for want of provisions, & at their breaking up they will most certainly make some desperate effort, upon some quarter or other–shou’d the Mounted Volunteers Advance in force, we might yet compel those haughty Savages to sue for peace before the next opening of the Leaves, be that as it may–I pray you not to permit present appearances to cause too much anxiety either in the minds of the President or yourself on account of the Army. . . . You may rest assured that I will not commit the Legion Unnecessarily” (Knopf, Wayne description begins Richard C. Knopf, ed. Anthony Wayne, a Name in Arms: Soldier, Diplomat, Defender of Expansion Westward of a Nation; The Wayne-Knox-Pickering-McHenry Correspondence. Pittsburgh, 1960. description ends , 275–77).
2. Daniel St. Thomas Jenifer killed Ensign William Pitt Gassaway in a duel in March 1793 and was dismissed from the service on 10 Sept. 1793.