George Washington Papers

From George Washington to Hiland Crow, 4 August 1793

To Hiland Crow

Philadelphia Augt 4th 1793.

Mr Crow,

By a letter which I have just received from my Nephew, Mr Lewis at Mount Vernon, he informs me that you are applying to have your wages raised.1 This, I think, was the case last year, & may be the case another year—Nor is this all, for when one succeeds another comes forward; a stop therefore might as well be put to these kind of cravings at one time as at another. However, as your Crop was the most productive of any I had made last year—and, as I hope the present one will not be bad, if properly taken care ⟨of,⟩ I agree, by way of encouraging your future exertions—to raise your wages to Forty pounds next year; & make you the same allowance of Provisions, and other things, as, by agreement, you were to receive this year.2

To make an attempt after this, to encrease your wages will be fruitless; and I mention it, that whenever you want more, you must seek for it elsewhere. Forty pounds pr Annum clear of all expences, whether the winds blow high or blow low—whether the ground ⟨is d⟩eluged with Rain, or laid waste by a parching drought; by either of which, and by many other casualties, Crops may b⟨e⟩ destroyed; though the expences incurred in the making, do not lessen. Nor the mouths which are to be fed by them, nor the backs which are to be cloathed, do not decrease, is equal to the chance of double that sum in a proportion of the Crop; which, was ⟨it not⟩ for the labour spent in making Meadow⟨s⟩—and other Jobs, some on, and others off the Farm, I had much rather ⟨give⟩; but have been restrained from doing it to avoid grumbling; and because ⟨I⟩ may apply the hands at such places and in such a manner as to me, or my manager, should seem most conduci⟨ve⟩ to my own interest, when no other was to be affected by it.3 With this explanation of my sentiments I remain—You⟨r⟩ friend

Go: Washington

ALS (letterpress copy), ViMtvL; LB, DLC:GW. The text in angle brackets is from the letter-book copy.

2Crow started as the manager of Ferry and French’s farm (now Union farm) on 25 Dec. 1790, and for the first two years of his employment Crow received wages of £35. As part of his contract Crow also received 400 lbs. of pork and 100 lbs. of beef in 1792, and 155 lbs. of beef, ½ bushel of salt, and 425 lbs. of pork in 1793 (Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 351).

3Crow left GW’s employment in the late summer of 1794 (GW to William Pearce, 17 Aug. 1794, ALS, ViMtvL, and ALS, [letterpress copy], DLC:GW).

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