George Washington Papers

From George Washington to Anthony Whitting, 3 March 1793

To Anthony Whitting

Philadelphia March 3d 1793.

Mr Whiting,

I have now two letters of yours before me to acknowledge the receipt of—viz.—the 20th & 27th of last month.1

The price of lime in Alexandria is so extremely high, that every practicable attempt ought to be made to procure shells—one of which may be, by hiring a vessel by the day, and sending it to my Nephew Colo. Washington’s in Westmoreland, near Mattox Creek with the enclosed letter. I persuade myself if this be done he will not only furnish the Shells, but aid in loading the Vessel. It is left open for your perusal, to be sent, or not, as occasion may require—Seal before sending it if it be forwarded at all.2

I am in sentiment with you that, such Bricks as my people make will never shew a thin, neat, & regular morter joint; and that the uneveness of the yard is one cause of it; and that another cause is—not beating & tempering the Clay sufficiently: remedies for both these are simple, and easy; & I hope in the Bricks that are to be made, they will be applied. Make more bricks than are immediately wanting for the Barn; because they may be wanted for some other purpose, & because there must be a certain number to form the kiln for burning.3

I informed you in my last,4 that unless Mrs. F. Washington desired the building to be carried on, that my opinion was, it ought to be stopped: of course as she has also requested the discontinuance of the work, it must be no longer prosecuted. Let all the work that has been done, and the materials which have been provided for carrying it on, be preserved in security for further decision on this matter. And let the two Carpenters (Gabriel & Reuben) belonging to that Estate, if not otherwise disposed of by the orders of their Mistress, join mine under Green; and an account taken of the time it happens, that the said Estate may be paid for the hire of them.5

I am as apprehensive as you can be, that Green never will overcome his propensity to drink; that it is this which occasions his frequent sicknesses; absences from work, and poverty. And I am convinced, moreover, that it answers no purpose to admonish him. But if the work in hand cannot be carried on without a head to execute it—and no other presents in whom confidence can be placed, there is no alternative but to keep him; unless he should get too bad to be longer borne with; and even then, a house so framed as the Dogue run Barn is intended to be ought not to be en⟨t⟩rusted to my Negro Carpenters or any other bungler.6

I hope all your Gates will be fixed before I come home, provided the ground is in such a state as to admit of being well rammed, but not otherwise; for it would be lost labour, & a continual plague if the posts should yield to the weight of the gate, or work loose in any other manner, if the earth around them is not dry enough to bear very hard ramming.

Have you got the second Visto so much opened as to be able to form any opinion of the view, & how it will appear from the House?7

Hampsons account must be paid as soon as you are in Cash from the sales of your Ship stuff &ca.8

Has the last spell of freezing weather (—the ground being uncovered, and very wet—) hurt the Wheat? If it escaped damage then, I hope there is no great danger to be apprehended from frosts after this. I see no account yet of Ice being stored: Snow well rammed would have been better than letting the house go empty.9

I am very sorry to hear that so likely a young fellow as Matildas Ben should addict himself to such courses as he is pursuing. If he should be guilty of any attrocious crime, that would affect his life he might be given up to the Civil authority for tryal; but for such offences as most of his colour are guilty of, you had better try further correction; accompanied with admonition and advice. The two latter sometimes succeed when the first has failed. He, his father & mother (who I dare Say are his receivers) may be told in explicit language that if a stop is not put to his rogueries, & other villainies by fair means & shortly; that I will ship him off (as I did Waggoner Jack) for the West Indias, where he will have no opportunity of playing such pranks as he is at present engaged in.10

The first time you see Mr Hartshorn, ask if there now is, or soon will be, any thing due from me to the Potomac Company; and request him to send the acct of it to me.11 I remain Your friend and well wisher

Go: Washington


1Whitting’s letter of 27 Feb. has not been found.

2For GW’s attempt to purchase oyster shells to provide lime for making mortar, see his letter to William Augustine Washington, 17 Feb., and notes 1, 3. The enclosure mentioned here is GW’s letter to his nephew of 3 March. It was accompanied by a second letter to Whitting of 3 Mar., in which GW wrote, “This letter will be handed to you by Doctr Thornton, to whom you will shew such civilities as Mount Vernon, in its present circumstances, will enable you to do” (ALS, MCLong). William Thornton also carried letters for the D.C. commissioners (GW to D.C. Commissioners, 3 Mar. [first letter]).

3For the proposed barn at Dogue Run farm, see GW to Whitting, 28 Oct. 1792, and enclosure. For the establishment of a brickyard at the barn’s construction site, see GW to Whitting, 24 Feb. 1793, and note 3.

5Gabriel and Reuben are credited for twelve days’ work on the carpenters’ report of 23 Mar. (Farm Reports, 23 Mar., ViMtvL). Both Gabriel and Reuben appear on GW’s Slave List of June 1799 as the husbands, respectively, of GW’s slave Virgin at the Muddy Hole farm and dower slave Betty at the River farm, and both are identified as belonging to Tobias Lear, who married George Augustine Washington’s widow, Frances Bassett Washington, in 1796.

6Thomas Green, GW’s overseer of the carpenters, left GW’s employment “of his own accord” in 1794 (GW to William Pearce, 21 Sept. 1794, ALS, ViMtvL, and ALS [letterpress copy], DLC:GW).

7The second vista was one that was opened on the west side of the mansion, beyond the Bowling Green (GW to Whitting, 16 Dec. 1792, and note 9).

8Alexandria, Va., grocer Bryan Hampson received payment for “a balance” of £13.2.9 on 6 April (Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 349).

9Whitting had mentioned the absence of ice for stocking the icehouse in his letter to GW of 16 Jan., and he indicated in a letter of 20 Feb. that the weather was wet but mild.

10For GW’s previous mention of problems with Ben, the son of Boatswain and Matilda (Myrtilla), see GW to Whitting, 24 Feb. 1793. Jack, identified as a “Waggoner” at the Mansion House farm on GW’s 1786 Slave List, was shipped to the West Indies “to be disposed of” in 1791 (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 4:278; Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 336).

11Alexandria merchant William Hartshorne (d.1816) served as treasurer of the Potowmack Company 1785–1800.

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