From David Humphreys
Petersburg [Va.] Octr 28th 1789
My dear General.
I am taking occasion by a water conveyance to inform you, that we are thus far on our way to New York. But my principal object is to mention the political intelligence which we obtained in North Carolina. The prevailing opinion in that State (so far as we could ascertain it from repeated enquiries) is, that the Constitution will be adopted. However, many of those who are opposed to it think otherwise.1 I believe the information, most to be depended upon was given by Judge Williams of the Supreme Court (then sitting at Halifax) Mr Ireton of the Council2, and Colo. Davie, viz., that the State is divided into ten Districts, that the members of seven of them taken collectively are equally divided for and against the adoption of the Constitution, and that the remaining three have a decided majority in favor of it. For example, Edenton District comprehends five Counties, & each County sends five members, who are said to be every one for the adoption. The other two reputed federal Counties are those beyond the Mountains.
I have taken considerable pains to learn how the persons appointed to offices in the several States are considered by their fellow Citizens; & am happy to assure you that the appointments in general have met with almost universal approbation. The selection of Characters to fill the great Departments has afforded entire satisfaction: particularly in the Judiciary. I heard it repeatedly said in Halifax, that the Supreme Court would be the first Court in the world in point of respectability. These things cannot but augur well.
We met your relation Colo. Washington, with his family, on their way to Charles Town.3
I will not intrude any longer on your time, than to assure you, that I am with the most unalterable & perfect friendship My dear General Your most obedient & very humble Servt
Humphreys was returning from his journey south with Cyrus Griffin and Benjamin Lincoln in an attempt to negotiate with the southern tribes. See David Humphreys to GW, 21, 26, 27 Sept., 13 Oct. 1789, Alexander Hamilton to GW, 20 Oct. 1789, and Henry Knox to GW, 18 Oct., 21, 27 Nov. 1789. See also GW’s Memoranda on Indian Affairs, 1789.
1. North Carolina ratified the Constitution in November 1789.
2. John Williams (1731-1799), of Hanover County, Va., settled in Granville County, N.C., in 1745. He served as a member of the Continental Congress in 1778 and 1779 and was judge of the Supreme Court of North Carolina from 1779 until his death in 1799. Humphreys was probably referring to James Iredell, who was elected to the North Carolina Council of State in November 1788.
3. William Washington (1752–1810), a cousin of GW, had served with distinction in the southern campaign until his capture at the battle of Eutaw Springs in September 1781. After the war he settled in Charleston, South Carolina.