George Washington Papers

From George Washington to the Board of War, 23 June 1779

To the Board of War

New Windsor June 23d 1779


I have been honoured with Your favors of the 11 & 12 Instant. The point with respect to Monsieur Garanger shall be determined as soon, as opportunity will permit.1

I transmit the Board a General Arrangement of the Officers in the York line to the Captains inclusive—and a particular arrangement of each Regiment;2 also an Arrangement of the Field Officers in the Pensylvania line and of the 4th P. Regiment, upon which they will be pleased to issue Commissions.3 The promotion of Lt Colo. Commandant Wiessenfels took place on the resignation of Colo. Livingston—that of Lt Colonel Commandant Wm Butler on that of Colo. Cadwalader—and their Commissions must be dated accordingly. The Board will be able to inform themselves of the time in both cases, by recurring to the Journals of Congress.4 The date of Captain Tudor’s Commission depends on the appointment of Colo. Stewart in 1776 as Aide de Camp to Genl Gates, which it seems can not be now ascertained.5

If Major Edwards is in philadelphia he should be directed to join his Regiment.6 I have the Honor &c.

Go: Washington

Df, in Robert Hanson Harrison’s writing, DLC:GW; Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

1To ascertain the status of Lewis Garanger, GW’s aide-de-camp Alexander Hamilton wrote Brig. Gen. Henry Knox on 27 June: “Mr Garanger has waited upon the General to know decisively his fate. He renounces all ideas of command or rank in the corps of Artillery and asks only a brevet of Captain in the army. The simple question is—can he be employed usefully or not in the present state and temper of the corps? If not, I shall be obliged to you to inform him so, with a line either to the General or myself, informing how the matter stands” (Hamilton Papers, description begins Harold C. Syrett et al., eds. The Papers of Alexander Hamilton. 27 vols. New York, 1961–87. description ends 2:84).

Knox’s reply to Hamilton, written at “Mr Ellisons Juni[o]rs House” on 28 June, reads: “Mr Garanger having positively renounced all claims to rank or command in the Corps of artillery, it is my opinion that he can be Employed in the Corps in a manner honorable to himself, and useful to the service. There can be no objection to his receiving a brevet of a Captaincy in the army” (DNA:PCC, item 78; see also Board of War to GW, 11 June, and n.1 to that document, and GW to the Board of War, 27 July).

2An undated draft of this enclosure, in the writing of GW’s secretary Robert Hanson Harrison, is headed “General Arrangement of the Officers in the New York line from the Colonels to the Captains Inclusive” (DLC:GW).

3The enclosed arrangements for Pennsylvania officers have not been identified.

4Congress accepted the resignations of Col. Henry Beekman Livingston on 13 Jan. and Col. Lambert Cadwalader on 22 Jan. (see JCC, description begins Worthington Chauncey Ford et al., eds. Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789. 34 vols. Washington, D.C., 1904–37. description ends 13:58, 100). Col. Frederick Weissenfels replaced Livingston as commander of the 4th New York Regiment, and Col. William Butler replaced Cadwalader as commander of the 4th Pennsylvania Regiment.

5Walter Stewart’s appointment as an aide-de-camp to Maj. Gen. Horatio Gates apparently dated from 26 May 1776 (see Pa. Archives, description begins Samuel Hazard et al., eds. Pennsylvania Archives. 9 ser., 138 vols. Philadelphia and Harrisburg, 1852–1949. description ends 5th ser., 2:126; see also General Orders, 7 June 1776). Stewart became colonel of the 2d Pennsylvania Regiment in July 1778.

George Tudor (d. 1795) served as a lieutenant in the 3d Pennsylvania Regiment from January 1776 until his promotion to captain that June to fill the vacancy created upon Stewart’s promotion. He was taken prisoner at Fort Washington, N.Y., on 16 Nov. 1776 and exchanged in May 1778. His commission as captain in the 4th Pennsylvania Regiment dated from 13 June 1776. Tudor became major of the 5th Pennsylvania Regiment in April 1780 and retired from the army in January 1781. While in Philadelphia to settle his army accounts, Tudor wrote a memorial to Congress on 26 March 1781 in which he stated that “after spending five Years of the best of his Life; and Sinking the Little All he had in the World; [he] is now left destitute of Money” (DNA:PCC, item 41; see also JCC, description begins Worthington Chauncey Ford et al., eds. Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789. 34 vols. Washington, D.C., 1904–37. description ends 19:391–92).

6GW is referring to Maj. Evan Edwards of the 11th Pennsylvania Regiment.

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