George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Lieutenant Colonel Ebenezer Gray, 5 November 1778

From Lieutenant Colonel Ebenezer Gray

Norwalk [Conn.] Novr 5th 1778


last Night Leeutt Smith1 and Two other Officers returned from Long Iland by whom I have received the following Intellegence—they recd their Information from a Person who left N. York monday Evening. he says that the Enemy are still Imbarking—the Ferry stairs were much crouded with Soldiers; that a Considerable Numbr of Waggons are shipped—the Prices of Murchandize especially of West India Goods is raised more than 100 per Cent occassioned by the Army’s seizing most of the Rum Sugar & molasses that was in Town for their use, the Brittish Fleet are still lying at the Narrows and Watering Place, in the County of Suffolk on Long Iland Wheat is lately raised to 4 Dollars per Bushl & in Kings & Queens Countys to 5 Dollars; the Winds of late have been so high & the Sea so boisterous that the whale Boats have not been able pass only this Once, in which the Boats almost filled with Water. from Your Excelly most Obedt & Humbe Servt

Ebenezer Gray


1This may be William Smith of Milford, Conn., who had served as an ensign in the 19th Continental Regiment from January to December 1776 before being appointed a first lieutenant in the 6th Connecticut Regiment in January 1777. He was promoted to captain-lieutenant in August 1780 and left the army in January 1781.

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