George Washington Papers

From George Washington to Brigadier General William Maxwell, 5 October 1778

To Brigadier General William Maxwell

Head Quarters [Fishkill] 5th Octob. 1778


In a letter from Genl Gates of yesterdays date, I received the following intelligence—“Two Sailors belonging to Cape Cod—who made their escape from the prison ship last monday night, arrived here—they declare that the british fleet of Men of War, sailed ten days ago, in quest of the french fleet”1—An event of this importance I think would not have escaped your notice—and I hope the report is groundless—but I desire you will use every means in your power to investigate the truth—and give me the earliest information whether any considerable naval movement has taken place—or whether the fleet still remains in port.

Genl Gates farther informs me that an epidemical Distemper is said to prevail in Byrons Squadron—which causes great mortality and desertion2—this is a matter which demands the strictest scrutiny we are well assured that Byrons crews are in very ill health—if there is any reason to suspect that their disorder is contagious—it will be necessary to make the deserters from the Fleet and Staaten Island undergo a kind of quarantine—you will be so good as to communicate the best intelligence you can obtain on this head.

Be pleased to send Major Howells Reports to me as they arrive—and forward the inclosed to him with dispatch.3 I am &c.

Df, in John Laurens’s writing, DLC:GW; Varick transcript, DLC:GW. This letter was sent by way of Major General Stirling (see GW to Stirling, this date).

1This intelligence report was contained in Horatio Gates’s second letter to GW of 4 October. The previous Monday was 28 September.

2Gates conveyed this information in his first letter to GW of 4 October.

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