From Major General Lafayette
tyver town [R.I.] 1st September 1778
My dear General
that there has been an action fought where I could have been and where I was not, is a thing which will seem as extraordinary to you as it seems so to myself—after a long journey and a longer stay from home (I mean from head quarters) the only satisfactory day I might have finds me in the middle of a town—there I had been sent, push’d, hurri’d by the board of general officers, and principally by generals Sullivan and greene, who thaught I would be of a great use to the Common Cause, and to whom I foretold the disagreable event which would happen to me—I felt in that occasion the impression of that bad star, which some days ago has influenced the french undertakings and which I hope will be soon Remov’d—people say to me that I do’nt want an action more or less, but if it is not Necessary to my Reputation of a tolerable private soldier, so at least it is to my Satisfaction, and pleasure—however I was happy enough as to arrive before the second Retreat, but it was not attended with such a trouble and danger as it ought to be, had not the ennemy been So Sleepy, and then I was once more depriv’d of my fighting expectations.
by what I have heard from Sensible, and Candid french gentlemen, the action does great honor to general sullivan—he Retreated in good order, he oppos’d very properly every effort of the ennemy, he never Sent troops but well supported, and display’d a great Coolness during the whole day—the evacuation I have Seen extremely well perform’d, and my private opinion is that if both events are satisfactory to us, they are very schamefull for the british generals and troops—they had indeed so fine chances as to cut us to pieces, but they are very good people.
Now, my dear general, I must give you an account of that journey I have pay’d so dear—the Count d’estaing arriv’d the day before in boston—I found him much displeas’d at a protest you have heard off, and many other circumstances which I have Reported to you1—I did what I could in the occasion—but I must give the justice to the admiral that it has not disminish’d at all his warm desire of Serving America—we waited together on the Council, general heath, general hancok and were very satisfied of them—the last one did much distinguish himself by his zeal on the occasion—some people in boston were Rather disatisfied—but when they see the behaviour of the Council, generals heath and hancok, they I hope will do the Same—I therefore fear nothing but delays—the Mâsts are very far off, provisions difficult to be provided—the count d’estaing was Ready to Come with his land forces and put himself under general Sullivan’s orders tho’ disatisfied with the latter—but our new circumstances will alter that design.
I beg you pardon, once more, my, dear general, for having troubl’d and afflicted you with the account of what I had seen after the departure of the french fleet—my Confidence in you is such, that I could not feel so warmly upon any point, without Communicating it to your excellency—I have now the pleasure to inform you that the discontent do’nt appear so much—the french hospital is arriv’d to boston, tho’ under difficulties which however I think I have disminish’d good deal by sending a part of my family with them, with orders to some persons, and supplications to others to give them all assistance in theyr power—now every thing will be Right, provided the count d’estaing is Soon enabl’d to Sail—every exertion I think ought to be employ’d for that purpose in all the Several parts of the Continent—Mâsts, bisket, water, and provisions are his wants—I long to have again the Command, or at least an equal force upon the American Seas.
by your letters to general Sullivan I aprehend that there is some general Move in the british army and that your excellency is going to send us reinforcements—god grant you may send so many as with the militia will make a larger army that you might Command them yourself—I long my dear general, to be again with you, and the pleasure of Cooperating with the french fleet under your immediate orders will be the greatest I may feel—then I am sure every thing will be Right—the Count d’estaing (if Rhode island is again to be taken what I warmly wish) would be extremely happy to take it in conjunction with General Washington, and it would Remove the other inconveniences. I am now intrusted by general Sullivan with the care of warren, bristoll, and the eastern schore—it is that I am to defend a country with so few troops as are not able to defend more than a single point—I ca’nt answer that the ennemy wo’nt go where and do what they please, for I am not able to prevent any thing but a part of theyr army, and this yet must not land far from me—but I answer that if they come with equal or not much superior forces to these I may Collect, I schall flogg them pretty well—so at least I hope—my situation seems to be temporary for we expect much to hear soon from your excellency—you know mister touzard a gentleman of my family—he met with a terrible accident in the last action—for Running before all the others to take a piece of Cannon in the middle of the ennemys with the gratest excés of bravery, he was immediately covered with theyr schots, had his horse killed, and his Right arm put in pieces—he was happy enough as not to fall in theyr hands, and his life is not despaired of. Congress was going to send him a Commission of Major.
give me joy, my dear general, I schall have your picture, and Mister hancok has promis’d me a Copy of that he has in boston—he gave one to the Count d’estaing, and I never Saw a man so glad of possessing his sweet heart’s picture, as the admiral was to Receive yours.
in expecting with the greatest impatience to hear from Your excellency which will be the general plans, and your private motions I have the honor to be with the highest Respect, the warmest, and most endless affection dear general Your excellency’s the most obedient humble servant
the Marquis de lafayette
ALS, PEL. Where Lafayette edited this letter after the war, the original has been restored as much as possible.