George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Major General Steuben, 27 June 1778

From Major General Steuben

about 2 Mile on the left of the Court house [N.J.]
27 June [1778] ½ pst 12 oClock


We arrived here this morning & it being the best position we can find to observe the motions of the Enemy—have remain’d—we have advanced our parties so near as to fire a Pistol at their Horsemen whilst feeding their Horses—They now lay encamped one Line on the main Road by the Court House & another Line extended on their left from the head of their Column which is not advanced One hundred & fifty paces beyond the Court house—having sent a man there to discover—they have Some Tents pitched & their Horses are at pasture & have not the least appearance of moving.

When we first arrived here they had a Party of Infantry posted in a Wood on their left & about 500 paces in our front from which we could discover several Detachments go to the adjacent Houses two of which they have burnt viz. Colo. Henderson & Mr Wikoff1—So soon as they move I shall endeavour to discover their Rout & immediately acquaint you & in mean time am with great respect Your Excellencys most Obed. Servt

Steuben M.G.


1Thomas Henderson (1743–1824), a physician who also served as a lieutenant colonel in the New Jersey militia, lived a short distance south of Monmouth Court House on the road to Allentown. William Wikoff (1707–1782) lived just over a mile northeast of Monmouth Court House on a 1,000-acre farm near Briar Hill.

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