George Washington Papers

Proclamation on Market at Valley Forge, 30 January 1778

Proclamation on Market at Valley Forge

Head Quarters, Valley-Forge, January 30, 1778.

To the Inhabitants of the States of Pennsylvania, New-Jersey, and Delaware.

The good people of the State of Pennsylvania, and particularly those in the vicinity of this Camp, having expressed a desire of furnishing the Army with the produce of the country were Markets regularly established for that purpose: In order to encourage so laudable a design, I have thought fit to make known, that on the second Monday in February,1 at eight o’clock in the morning, the Market will be opened at the Stone-chimney Picket, in front of the Camp, and that the same will be continued on every Monday and Thursday following at that place:2 That on every Tuesday and Friday the Market will be held on the east side of Schuylkill, near the New-Bridge:3 And on every Wednesday and Saturday, in rear of the Camp, near the Adjutant General’s Office. That a Clerk of the Market, an inhabitant of this State, will attend on the respective days and at the places before mentioned, whose duty it shall be to protect the inhabitants from any kind of abuse or violence that may be offered to their persons or effects, and to see that they receive pay for their articles according to the prices hereafter mentioned, and for others not particularly enumerated in like proportion, viz.

Fresh Pork per lb. 0.1.0
Roasting Pig do 1.6
Mutton do 0.10
Veal do 0.10
Fat Turkey do 1.4
Fat Goose do 1.0
Fat Ducks each 3.9
Fat Fowls do 2.6
Fresh Butter per lb. 3.9
Firkin ditto do 3.0
Hogs Lard do 3.0
Cheese do 3.0
Sausages do 3.9
Eggs per dozen, 1.6
Rough-skinned Potatoes per bushel, 10.0
Spanish ditto per do 7.6
Turnips do 5.0
Cabbages per head, 1.0
Onions per half-peck, 2.6
Beans per quart, 1.3
Sour-crout per half-peck 3.9
Apples do 1.6
Dried ditto do 3.9
Indian Meal do 2.0
Leaf Tobacco per lb. 4.0
Vinegar per quart, 2.6
New Milk do 1.0
Soft Soap do 1.0
Cyder per barrel, 4.0.0
Small Beer do 1.10.0

The Clerk of the Market is also to take effectual care that there be no fraud in weight or measure, and that whatsoever is offered to sale be of good quality.

All persons coming to the Markets aforesaid, for the purpose of supplying them, or returning from the same, may depend their carriages and cattle shall not be impressed or otherwise detained. The inhabitants are to take notice that they will not have liberty to receive from the Soldiery, any kind of cloathing or military stores in pay for their provision, or upon any pretence whatsoever.

It is hoped that all persons well affected to their country, both for their own advantage and from a regard to the accommodation of the Army, will manifest their zeal upon this occasion, and chearfully contribute to the success of a plan intended to answer the most valuable purposes.

G. Washington.

Pennsylvania Gazette [York], 7 Feb. 1778; Pennsylvania Packet [Lancaster], 18 Feb. 1778.

1The second Monday in February was 9 February.

2The market at the stone chimney picket, which was on the Baptist Road at present-day New Centerville, Pa., just south of the Valley Forge encampment, began operating on 9 Feb. (see General Orders, 20, 23 Jan. and 8 Feb., and John Sullivan to GW, 24 Jan.; for the location of the stone chimney picket, see Paul S. Teamer, “Old Stone Chimney Picket Site Vital Outpost for Valley Forge,” Picket Post [April 1946], 34–35).

3This was the bridge being constructed by Maj. Gen. John Sullivan at Fatland Ford (see General Orders, 22 Dec., and note 1 of that document).

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