George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Brigadier General William Maxwell, 16 September 1777

From Brigadier General William Maxwell

Coll Thomases1 16th Septr 1777—9 oclock morng


I had Your Orders from Coll Hamilton last night, and had ordered every thing cimilar to Your Excellencys I have had a party of 50 Just come in from the Turks head, at 12 oclock they found a party of the Enemys light Horse a little on this side but on the first discovery they made off and the Officer by enquirey found they had a piquet of foot about one Mile in the other side of the Turk the Turk is about four miles from me or halfway from me to where the Enemys main body was, or Dilworths2 I have another party of 50 I expect in soon there is a large party of Rifle Men gone out this Morning some Horse is gone out and Returned without any thing further. I am Your Excellencys Most obedt Humble Servant

Wm Maxwell

a good Quarter Master or Forrage master would be verry Necessary with this Division.

ALS, PHi: Dreer Collection.

1Richard Thomas (1744–1832) of West Whiteland Township, Chester County, Pa., had been commissioned colonel of the 5th Regiment of the Chester militia in May 1777. He served in Congress from 1795 to 1801.

2The Turk’s Head Tavern, which was operated by Loyalist Jacob James at the beginning of the Revolutionary War, was located north of Dilworthtown at present-day West Chester, Pennsylvania. Part of Howe’s army marched past the Turk’s Head on the morning of 16 Sept. (see Scull, Montresor Journals description begins G. D. Scull, ed. The Montresor Journals. New York, 1882. In Collections of the New-York Historical Society, vol. 14. description ends , 452–53; Lydenberg, Robertson Diaries description begins Harry Miller Lydenberg, ed. Archibald Robertson, Lieutenant-General Royal Engineers: His Diaries and Sketches in America, 1762–1780. New York, 1930. description ends , 147; and Ewald, Diary description begins Johann Ewald. Diary of the American War: A Hessian Journal. Translated and edited by Joseph P. Tustin. New Haven and London, 1979. description ends , 88).

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