George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Major General Thomas Mifflin, 13 May 1777

From Major General Thomas Mifflin

Philadelphia 13th May 1777

My dear General

Our Loss of Seventeen hundred Tents at Danbury will, I fear, prove of bad Consequence to the Divisions of Ticonderoga & peeks Kills. To prevent as much as possible any bad Effects of that Loss I orderd Mr Chase Ass[istant] Qr Mr Genl at Boston to send all the Tents which were stord at Boston or portsmouth to Mr Hughes at peeks Kills who will distribute them in such Manner as your Excellency may direct. I have sent 1312 Tents & 33 Horsemens Tents with 700 Setts of poles to Colonel Biddle and have also sent 214 Tents to General putnam agreeable to his Order.

Our Circumstances require the best Œconomy in the Distribution of Tents which Col. Biddle will no Doubt attend to.

An armd Sloop is arrivd at Sinepuxent with military Stores—She has 500 Tents on board1—The Capt. says that there are now at Martinique 6000 Tents imported there for Congress which are to be sent to the Continent in different Bottoms to prevent a total Loss. The french Ship La Seine is taken by the pincus Frigate are carried into Dominigue. She had on board a great Number of Tents. The Governor of Martinique has sent a Frigate to demand her on Pain of Reprisals.2

A Brigantine belonging to this Port is arrivd at Baltimore with 24000 Yds of Tent Cloth—but as they run great Ri[s]que in the Importation the Owners demand a most exorbitant Price which in the Opinion of many Gentlemen of Congress ought not to be paid—The Owners are willing to take their Chance at public Sale here, but as Housekeepers are generally in Want of Sheeting &ca for which the Cloth mentiond above is well calculated I think it cannot be purchasd for Congress at any reasonable Rate—I have Tents ready for 25000 Men here including those already sent to Col. Biddle & to princetown. Your Excellency will please to direct me how to act in future purchases of Tent Cloth; as I find myself much at a Loss with Respect to further provision of Tents when I am told that we shall soon have Tents sufficient for all our Wants & that the price of Linen is beyond all Reason.

As Mr Howes Jaunt to philada will probably be suspended for some time I expect your Excellencys Orders to join you will soon be sent to me—Congress having no other Motive for detaining me except that of stimulating the Militia to unite in their Efforts of Defence which an unhappy political Contest has hitherto prevented.3 I have the Honor to be with much Respect & Attachment Your Excy ob. Sert

Tho. Mifflin


1The Continental navy sloop Independence, commanded by Capt. John Young, had arrived recently at Sinepuxent Inlet on Maryland’s Atlantic coast with various military stores from Martinique including tents, muskets, gunlocks, gunpowder, clothing, blankets, and salt (see the Maryland Journal, and the Baltimore Advertiser, 27 May 1777).

2The French ship Seine, commanded by Capt. Stephen Morin, arrived at Martinique from France on 18 Mar., with a large quantity of military stores for the Americans. After landing a considerable part of its cargo at Martinique, the Seine sailed for Boston on 5 April only to be captured that evening by the British frigate Seaford and taken to the British island of Dominica. The efforts of the governor of Martinique, Robert d’Argout, to obtain the release of the Seine were futile. The ship was condemned in the admiralty court at Dominica a short time later, and it was taken into the Royal Navy under the name Snake (see William Bingham to Silas Deane, 21 Mar., 6, 26 April 1777, Naval Documents description begins William Bell Clark et al., eds. Naval Documents of the American Revolution. 11 vols. to date. Washington, D.C., 1964—. description ends , 8:175–76, 283–84, 450–52, Seaford’s journal, 5 April 1777, ibid., 280, and intelligence from Arthur Piggot’s, 3 July 1777, ibid., 9:457–61).

3Mifflin is referring to the bitter factional disputes over the new Pennsylvania constitution (see Thomas Burke to Richard Caswell, 11 Mar., James Wilson to Arthur St. Clair, 27 Mar., and William Duer to the New York Convention, 17 April 1777, Smith, Letters of Delegates description begins Paul H. Smith et al., eds. Letters of Delegates to Congress, 1774–1789. 26 vols. Washington, D.C., 1976–2000. description ends , 6:425–30, 502, 601–4).

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