George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Nathaniel Woodhull, 26 July 1776

From Nathaniel Woodhull

In Convention of the Representatives of
the State of New York July 26th 1776


I am directed by the Convention to transmit Your Excellency a Copy of the Examination of Belthazer De Hart relative to the Conduct of the Tories in Monmouth County in New Jersey;1 And to acquaint You that we have likewise sent Duplicates to the President of the Convention of the State of New Jersey; and to the Chairman of the Committee of Monmouth in Order that Measures may be taken for preventing the pernicious Practices of such Paricides to their Country. I have the Honor to be Your Excellency’s most Obedient & very humble Servant

By Order

Nathll Woodhull Presidt


1Balthazar De Hart, a lawyer from Orange County, N.Y., who recently had spent some time at Shrewsbury in Monmouth County, N.J., was examined by a committee that the convention appointed for that purpose on 25 July (N.Y. Prov. Congress Journals description begins Journals of the Provincial Congress, Provincial Convention, Committee of Safety, and Council of Safety of the State of New-York, 1775–1776–1777. 2 vols. Albany, 1842. (Microfilm Collection of Early State Records). description ends , 1:541, 543–44). “When he left Shrewsbury,” De Hart says in his undated deposition, “far the greatest part of that place was Inhabited or rather Infested with Tories or persons disaffected to the common cause of America, and that he has understood from Information that their disaffection has been greatly Increased by a number of persons who have gone from the City of New York there and as he has understood secretly labour to deceive the lower set of people, the higher being almost all disaffected.” De Hart also names three supposedly disaffected men who recently went to the British camp on Staten Island to recover runaway blacks, and he alleges that the inhabitants of Deal, N.J., were communicating with British warships off the coast (DLC:GW). De Hart, who had served as a first lieutenant in the 3d New York Regiment during 1775, requested the convention on 25 July to employ him again “in some military capacity,” but he apparently received no appointment in the army.

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