From John Hancock
Friday 26 July  4 oClock P.M.
Congress being Adjourn’d, I have to Acknowledge the Rect of yor favr of 25th, this moment come to hand. The Subject of it is so just that I will venture to Say that it will be Complied with in it’s fullest lattitude.1
The Preamble to the Resolution for Confiscating the Property of the Subjects of the King of Great Brittain, havg been this day Expung’d, & the Resolution alter’d, agreeable to the one now Inclos’d you, I am to Request you will please to Erase that from the Resolves I inclos’d you a few days past, & Substitute the one I now transmitt in its place.2 With every wish in yor favr & every Sentimt of Esteem, I am Sir Your very hum. servt
John Hancock Presidt
Brigadier Gen. Sullivan this day Sent me a Letter of Resignation, which is order’d to lie on the Table untill monday. I have not Seen him.
ALS (facsimile), sold by Superior Galleries, Beverly Hills, Calif., 13 Feb. 1991; LB, DNA:PCC, item 12A.
1. Because of the heat and the delegates’ fatigue, Congress on this date adjourned until Monday, 29 July, when it read GW’s letter of 25 July concerning aides-de-camp and empowered him to appoint another one (JCC description begins Worthington Chauncey Ford et al., eds. Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789. 34 vols. Washington, D.C., 1904–37. description ends , 5:613; see also Hancock to GW, 29 July, and note 1).
2. The copy of this resolution of 24 July that Hancock enclosed in his letter to GW of that date reads: “Whereas these united states have by a long series of oppressions been driven into a war with great Britain and at last to the necessity of declaring themselves free and independant states; and as it is impossible to distinguish among the subjects of the same sovereign, between those who are friends and such as are enemies to the rights of America and mankind it is become necessary to consider as enemies all the subjects of the king of great Britain and all others, who aid, abet, adhere to or in any way assist him in his unjust & cruel designs against these states, therefore
Resolved, That all the resolutions of this Congress passed on the twenty third day of march last and on the third day of April last relating to ships & other vessels, their tackle, apparel and furniture and all goods wares and merchandizes belonging to any inhabitant or inhabitants of great-Britain taken on the high seas or between high and low water mark be extended to all ships & other vessels, their tackle, apparel and furniture and all goods, wares and merchandizes belonging to any subject or subjects of the said king, except the inhabitants of the Bermudas and Providence or to any other person or persons, who adhere to him or in any wise aid or abet him in his unjust war against these states” (DLC:GW; see also JCC description begins Worthington Chauncey Ford et al., eds. Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789. 34 vols. Washington, D.C., 1904–37. description ends , 5:606 and note 1).
Four vertical lines are struck through the preamble on that copy of the resolution, and in the margin beside it there is a note in Robert Hanson Harrison’s writing which reads “Expunged the Preamble vide the Resolve inclosed” (DLC:GW). The copy of the revised resolution, which Hancock enclosed in his letter of this date, has no preamble and is corrected to read at the end: “except the Inhabitants of the Bermudas and Providence or Bahama Islands” (DLC:GW). However, it contains a new error at the beginning of the resolution where it mistakenly refers to “all the Resolutions of this Congress passed on the twenty third Day of April last” instead of the resolutions passed on 23 Mar. and 3 April 1776 correctly cited by the first version of the resolution (DLC:GW; see also JCC description begins Worthington Chauncey Ford et al., eds. Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789. 34 vols. Washington, D.C., 1904–37. description ends , 4:229–32, 253–54, 5:606 and note 1).