George Washington Papers

General Orders, 2 September 1775

General Orders

Head Quarters, Cambridge, Sept. 2nd 1775.

Parole Portugal.Countersign Quebec.

Capt. Edward Crafts of Col. Gridley’s regiment of Artillery, tried yesterday by a General Court Martial, is acquitted of that part of the Charge against him, which relates to defrauding of his men,” and the Court are also of opinion, that no part of the Charge against the prisoner is proved, except that of using abusive expressions to Major Gridley; which being a breach of the 49th Article of the Rules and Regulations for the Massachusetts Army; sentence the Prisoner to receive a severe reprimand from the Lt Col. of the Artillery in the presence of all the Officers of the regiment and that he at the said time, ask pardon of Major Gridley for the said abusive language.1

Lieut. Russell of Capt. Symonds Company, in the 21st Regt of foot, tried by the above Court Martial, for “disobedience of orders,” is unanimously acquitted by the court.2

The General confirms the proceedings & Sentence of the above Court Martl.

Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

1Edward Crafts of Worcester, Mass., continued to serve as a captain in the Continental artillery at least until the end of 1776. Scarborough Gridley, one of Col. Richard Gridley’s sons, was a major in his father’s regiment, and William Burbeck was the regiment’s lieutenant colonel. On 9 Aug. James Warren wrote to John Adams that Colonel Gridley “is grown old, is much governed by A Son of his, who vainly supposed he had a right to the second place in the Regiment that is before Burbank [Burbeck] and [David] Mason. The [Massachusetts] Congress thought Otherways. He was Sulkey. We had much Trouble with them, and I Understand the General has his Share yet” (Taylor, Papers of John Adams description begins Robert J. Taylor et al., eds. Papers of John Adams. 17 vols. to date. Cambridge, Mass., and London, 1977—. description ends , 3:114–16). On 24 Sept. a court-martial ordered Scarborough Gridley to be dismissed from the army for misbehaving at the Battle of Bunker Hill (General Orders, that date).

2William Russell was first lieutenant of Capt. Francis Symond’s company in Col. John Glover’s Massachusetts regiment.

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