George Washington Papers

To George Washington from William Crawford, 7 January 1769

From William Crawford

Spring gardin [Pa.] Jany 7th 1769

Dr sir

By V. Crawford Receved your Letter dated Novr 13th and inclosed twenty pounds Pensilvania mony.1

I wrot you by Mr Harrison, he told me he gave Mrs Washington my Letter but you was not at home.2

At my Return from Fredrick over the mountain, the Survayor was Runing Land out for such as was Redy to pay him, Emedetly I got him ⟨to Run⟩ out your Land, have done it as if for my self taking all the good Land and Leveing all that was sory only som Joyning the Mill seat.

It came out in Locations as other Land—but was all Run out in one body but the survayor will be paid for Every 300 Acres notwith standing he run the hole in one body, he says it is the Rule of the Office, there is in Each Survay 332 and 333 Acres so I had good Meashure.3

The Land you was to have of My Brother John Stephenson when the Survayor com was Located, he Lost all that is good without he can Purches the man’s Right which he intends to do if he can,4 but I dout it as People from Pensilvania hold Land High You Mentioned the Lins of the Colonys being Extended Soon or at Least Such a plan was on foot and that they Officers would Obtain there Lands Agreeable to his Majesties Proclamation.

I am at a Looss whare they will Lay it of as they Land to the Southard of Penns Line is very Sory Except in some spots unlass it is Layd of as you in a Letter before wrot me.5

I have not bin Down on any Part of the Litle Conaway6 but has Convarsed with Numbers that has bin from the head to the Mouth ho tells me there is no Large bodys of good Land on it is Chiefly mountains and brooken Land with hear and there a peace of very good Land.

In a few days I intend ⟨of⟩ Monongahalia to Run out som Land there which Draft I shall bring Down with to your house About the first of Feby or Midle, I should have gone befor but was stopt by the Road as I had it to finish.

I have found out a peace or two More of good Land in Pens Line which you may have I have taken them good for you, if you Chuse them I cold have taken more if I had thought they Quitrents would have bin Lesend as it is from a pany to a half pany an Acre.7

As Soon as I return from up the River I am to go over Monongahalia to Look at som Land two men has found on a Creek Calld Teen Mile Creek and if I Like the Land you shall have any of it you may Like I Shall be better able to satisfie you when I see you.8 Sir I am your most Hume Sarvt

W. Crawford

N.B. By the Commanding Officer at Fort pit there is a Negr⟨o⟩ woman sent me ho was taken las war from a place Calld Drapers Medows then they property of one Majr Winston ho is Sence Dead their was at first 22 taken in all from him but savaral got away and got to there Master again.

I understand the Colony paid for them if so she now belongs to the Colony.9

If it is not to much Trouble for you I should be oblidged to you to inquire and find out the Truth of the Matter and you to Purches her of the Colony for m⟨e⟩ Provided they would wait any time for the money. it would be doing me a great faviour.

There is three more I beleve I can get from the Nation with som Trouble, they wench I have Run away from them a cam to Fort pit.

I am a fraid there is som on the sien bying her alredy. W.C.

ALS, DLC:GW. The letter was directed “To the Care of Moses Hicks For Mr Rd ⟨Damsal⟩.

Spring Garden was a name that Crawford gave his place on the Youghiogheny River.

1Letter not found. See the entry for 13 Nov. in GW’s account with Crawford (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 273).

2The letter has not been found. In December 1770 GW agreed with Lawrence Harrison to buy the tract of land at Great Meadows. See Crawford to GW, 6 Dec. 1770.

3Crawford is referring to the survey of the Washington’s Bottom tract on Youghiogheny. See GW to Crawford, 17 Sept. 1767, n.2. There were 1,644 acres in the tract, and so GW in effect was to pay for five 300–acre surveys.

4Crawford’s half brother John Stephenson had recently settled near Crawford on the Youghiogheny, nearer Fort Pitt.

5For references to the running of the Mason-Dixon line and to the uncertainty as to where the western boundary of Pennsylvania was to be fixed, see GW to Crawford, 17 Sept. 1767, source note and note 6, and John Armstrong to GW, 3 Nov.—20 Dec. 1767.

6This is the Little Kanawha.

7For GW’s detailed instructions to Crawford to search out good land for him in his own neighborhood in Pennsylvania and elsewhere, see GW to Crawford, 17 Sept. 1767.

8Ten Mile Creek in what is now Harrison County, W. Va., is a branch of West Fork River. See Crawford to GW, 5 May 1770.

9On 14 Jan. 1764 a “Representation and Petition of William Winston” was read in the House of Burgesses, “praying some Compensation for the Losses he has sustained from a Number of barbarous and savage Indians, who some Time in the Month of July last violently attacked him in his House, from which he narrowly escaped with his Life, and carried away or destroyed all his Stocks and household Goods, to a great Value, and 14 Slaves, none of which he has been able to reclaim, except one, who found Means to escape, and him he has since been obliged to sell in Order to subsist himself and Family hitherto; at present he is reduced from an easy independent Plenty to the deplorable Condition of having Nothing to subsist on, in an advanced Age, and infirm State of Health, and therefore wholly unable to labour, was presented to the House and read; and the Question being put that the said Petition be referred to a Committee, It passed in the Negative. Resolved, That the said Petition be rejected” (JHB, 1761–1765 description begins H. R. McIlwaine and John Pendleton Kennedy, eds. Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia. 13 vols. Richmond, 1905–15. description ends , 209).

Index Entries