George Washington Papers

Cash Accounts, 1761

Cash Accounts

[1761]

Cash
For 1761 To Cash received of severals for Sundrys viz. Smiths work of Sundrys £ 7.15. 4 1/2
Bonds &ca Interest1 of
Apl 18 P[hilip] W[hitehead] Claiborne 14. 0. 0
Do Wm Dandridge 22. 0. 0
Do Mrs [Joanna] McKenzie 10.16. 0
Do Colo. Ber[nard] Moore 210. 0. 0
Novr 27 Francis Foster 25. 0. 0
Decr 7 Captn [Thomas] Dansie 2 yrs 10. 0. 0
Novr 7 in part off B[ond] Colo. Thos Moore 250. 0. 0
Apl Abner Clapton’s Note 3. 0. 0
Novr 25 Josh Valentine Recd of him 364.15. 0
Decr 1 Recd of Ditto2 29. 0. 0
Protested Excha: Hen: Churchills of Col. Basset3 49.15. 3
Novr 4 Sundrys Mr Green—Smiths Work &ca4 4. 0. 0
James Stewart Surveyrs Fee 2. 3. 0
David Edwards Do5 0.17. 6
May 12 Mary Thomas for Corn 1. 0. 0
May 20 Saml & Jno. Washington Exps. Tr[avelin]g6 2.10. 0
Novr 7 Burgesses Wages Octr & Apl Sesns 38.18. 07
[Contra]
For 1761 By Cash paid to Sundrys viz.
Merchants
Jany 20 Captn Loxham for Mourng8 16. 5. 0
Mar. 18 Cambrick for Weepers9 1. 3. 0
May 28 Mr Baynes for Millstones £14. 40 prCt on Ditto 5.12.10 19.12. 0
June 16 Captn Marshall for E:Ware11 0.18. 0
23 Mr Jno. Muirs12 2.13. 9
July 15 Mr Barret for a Whip13 0. 7. 6
Augt 20 Jas Laurie Cask strong Beer14 7. 5. 0
Septr 23 Captn Marshall for 40½ B: Salt 3. 4. 6
Octr 28 Mr Hector Ross Plank &ca15 16.18. 3
Novr 5 Colo. Carlyle pr Mr Ramsay16 35. 0. 0
Ditto [cash] paid for Sundries viz. for Tea 0. 2. 0
2 China Bowls 12/6 Toys 7/ a Locket
50/
3. 9. 6
 
1 pr Portmanteau Straps 2/6 2 yds
Rib: 2/6
0. 5. 0
May 1 Antho. Walke & Son Spirits &ca 21. 8. 9
for freight of Ditto17 0. 3. 3
James Alligood for 1 Barl bro: Sugr
260 lbs. @50/18
6.10. 0
1 Pack Cards 1/3 1 pr Shoes 7/6 a pr
Stra. 2/6
0.11. 3
242 lbs. Coffee @1/ 12. 2. 0
1 pt Mug 1/ Candles 1/3 paper 3/ 0. 5. 0
¼ lb. Tea 4/3 Sugar 10/6 1 pr Scissars 2/ 0.16. 9
1 Quart Rum 1/3 Psalters 3/ 0. 4. 3
1 pr Stocking Boots 6/6 Leadg Lines 3/6 0.10. 0
Toys 5/ 0. 5. 0
Doctors
Mar. 5 Jas Craik pr Acct19 48.11.10
May 1 Laurie a years Wages20 15. 0. 0
Augt Doctr Hamilton for advice21 2. 3. 0
Ditto Ditto for Prescription 2. 3. 0
Do & Octr Ditto for 3 Visits &ca 25.16. 0
Novr 14 Doctr Hay visits and attendance22 15. 0. 0
Do 17 Dr Small Ditto Ditto23 20. 0. 0
Ditto for Patcy Custis
to Dr Hamilton 10. 0. 0
To Doctr Hay 3. 0. 0
Doctr Small 2 Vts 6. 0. 0
Tavern Keepers
pd Mrs Chew at Sund<es>24 0.10. 9
Mrs Vobes25 0. 1. 6
Apl 13 Mrs Campbells26 2. 5. 0
June 15 Mrs Mason27 6. 0. 0
Chs Julian28 1.15. 6
Mr Trebell29 1. 5. 6
Mr Weatherborne30 1. 1. 2
Taylors
Octr 21 Bryan Allison’s acct in full 7. 0. 0
Apl 15 Ditto for Jno. P. Custis 2. 0. 0
Octr 21 Ditto for Ditto31 1. 5. 6
Inspection
Mar. 10 Hunting Creek 2. 5. 0
 
Augt 18 Ditto for 36 hhds Shipd in the Bland Sarah & Phoenex32 9. 0. 0
For 1761 By Cash paid Leather Breeches maker viz.
Mar. 10 Saml Brasenton 2.10. 0
June 15 Ditto in full 25 & 1 pr B: for Js 15/33 2. 0. 0
Barbers
at Fredericksburg 0. 1. 0
Apl 13 Williamsburg—[James] Martin 2. 5. 0
Shoemakers
June 3 at Fredericksburg &ca 0.12. 6
Apl 22 Mr Robt Adams (last yr)34 25. 5. 6
Octr 16 John Prescot for 46 pr35 2.17. 6
March Election Expences at Dutch Cowpers36 1. 6. 6
Henry Heath’s 5/37 P. Bush 6.19.538 7. 4. 5
May Edwd Snickers 34/39 Leesburg 7/40 2. 1. 0
Colemans 7/641 Colo. Hytes 10/42 0.17. 6
New Town 3/43 Moores 10/44 0.13. 0
paid a guide 5/ Exps. at Cunhn 8/645 0.13. 6
paid a guide 5/ gave 20/ 1. 5. 0
Exps. at McGills 23/1½46 1. 3. 1
paid Thos Wood47 1.10. 0
P[hilip] Bushes Acct 14.15. 0
W: Wests 12/48 Hollis’s 8/49 1. 0. 0
Sepr 12 pr Colo. Mercers Acct50 38.19. 7
Travelling Expences viz. Ferriages &ca
Mar. in a journey to Frederick Mar. 0. 8. 9
M. & Apl to Williamsburg Mar. & Apl 4. 9. 6
June to Fredericksburg Fair 1.15. 9
Augt to Marlborough in Maryland51 1. 6. 4
Septr to the Warm Springs besides CD:52 1. 0. 0
Novr &ca to Williamsburg Octr & Novr53 7. 0. 6
Servants
Mar. in the Journey to Frederick in March 0. 7. 6
M: & Apl to Williamsburg Mar. & Aprl 1. 3. 9
May Frederick in May 0. 7. 6
June Fredericksburg Fair in June 0. 8. 6
Septr Warm springs 0. 2. 6
Octr &c. Williamsburg in Octobr &ca 1.15.10
Cards &ca at Sundry times 9.14. 9
Porke bought of
Phil. Grymes 963 lbs. @20/54 9.12. 7
Jno. Go<illegible> 150 @18/55 1.17. 0
 
Apl 21 Mr French pr W. Gardnr56 31.13. 0
Corn of
Jany 10 Willm Gardner 20 Barl @6/6 6.15. 0
Decr 24 Edwd Violette 22 Do @957 9.18. 0
Ditto Jno. Foster 19 Do58 8.11. 0
By Cattle 20 head of Jno. Washington 27. 2. 059
Decr 28 11 Ditto of Wm Gardner  15. 0. 0
Apl Rent pd Collo. Lee by J: Was——n for
176060
81. 5. 0
March Play Tickets in March 2. 7. 6
Tobacco
of Edwd Williams 80 lbs. @18/ 0.14. 7
Gilbert Simpson 138 @Do61 1. 4.10
Henry Taylor 263 @Do62 2. 0. 0
Jno. Foster for his share of Crop 11.10. 0
June 28 Iron of Mr Lawson pr Acct63 32.14. 7
Charity To Sundrys—at different times 24. 2. 6
Lent Captn Posey64 5. 0. 0
Decr 28 Humphrey Peake 65 10. 0. 0
Mrs Washington at Sundry times 10.13. 9
Land bought of Willm Asheford66 150. 0. 0
Decr 23 Negroes of Mr Thompson Mason67 120.19. 0
Duty on Do pd Treasury68 9.12. 6
June 3 Lotts of Colo. Fielding Lewis69 40. 0. 0
Augt 18 Weaver
Jno. McClockland70 1. 0. 0
Octr 1 Ditto Do 1.14. 8
Plank 2225 feet @7/6 8. 6.10 1/2
June 15 Sheriff Mr Jno. West71 20.10. 0
Shingles 4000 3.12.11
Paid
Jno. Alton at Sundry times72 9. 0. 0
Chr. Hardwick at Ditto73 69. 3. 0
Collo. Moore my Bond to [John]
Spotswds Exrs74 123. 0. 0
Turnr Crump at Sundry times 30. 3. 675
Thos Bishop at Ditto76 8. 0. 0
Mr Waller makg Will77 10. 0. 0
Accounts
Jany 3 Mary Sheridine to J. Cooke78 13.14. 3
[ ] Brumley for Glazing79 0.15. 0
Mary Thomas nursg Negroes 4. 0. 0
Richd Stephenson80 1. 0. 0
Mrs [Joanna] McKenzie fo[r] J. Wash——n 0.10.1181
 
Mrs [Valinda] Wades Daughters82 1.10. 0
Atty Genl for D[aniel] P[arke] Custis Este83 19.14. 0
Sundrys
Michl Craven drivg Beeves 0.16. 0
Chr. Wetzel old Acct 0. 5. 0
Certificate of Tobo Shipped 0. 6. 3
Michl Grater for Bar[rel] Oyl84 8. 0. 3
seeing Lyoness 10/ Comn for Fairs W.85 2. 2. 6
for a Sheriffs Comn 0.11. 3
Subscripn to Alexa. Purse86 2.10. 0
Ball Ticket 0.10. 0
3 Sydes of upper Leather 1. 7. 6
an express from Mr Boyd87 0.10. 0
for 1 Chest of Lemons & 1 Jar Raisons 2.14. 3
1 pr Buckles to Julius88 0. 1. 3
Captn Merrie gettg my Watch r[epaire]d89 4. 8. 9
£1431.15.10 1/2
By Cash upon hand—carred to acct for 1762 499.14. 4
£1931.10. 2 1/2
Aprl 13 Note Recd from the Treasury £173.12. 6 1/290
and paid to Captn Posey 137. 8. 8
Edd Snickers 3. 9.  
Phil Bab91 9.10. 9
To Mr Gabl Jones92 for Machaa Powers 5. 1.10
Michl Harness Jr 15.18. 5 1/2
Luke Collins 1. 1. 8
Casper Bogard 1. 2. 2
£173.12. 6 1/2

AD, Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 141–44. Instead of entering his cash accounts into his ledger intermittently and in strict chronological order as he does before and after this time, in 1761 and 1762 GW chose to summarize in one place his cash transactions for the entire year. It should be noted that the date he assigns to an entry in his cash accounts is sometimes clearly not the date of the transaction itself. It may be that he consistently assigns the date on which he noted the transaction, which only happens usually to be the date that the transaction took place. In 1761 GW mistakenly entered one page of his cash receipts on the left side of his ledger. This has been corrected here. The Cash Accounts for 1761 and 1762 are each printed at the beginning of the year, instead of the end, and thereafter the Cash Accounts for each month are printed at the beginning of that month.

1For the bonds of indebtedness of the eight people listed here, see doc. III-B, and notes, in Settlement of the Daniel Parke Custis Estate, 20 April 1759–5 Nov. 1761.

2Joseph Valentine (d. 1771) was the manager of the Custis plantations, including GW’s dower plantations.

3For Henry Churchill’s protested bill of exchange, see GW to Robert Cary & Co., 10 Aug. 1760 and 3 April 1761.

4GW’s account with the Rev. Charles Green shows Green owing £2.0.10 and 11s. 7½d. for the work of GW’s smith and £1.6 for “52 lb. nett Butter from Valentine Crawford @6d.” GW credits Green with £2 for taking up one of his “Runaway Negroes” and £4 that Green paid in cash (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 118).

5GW made these surveys in Frederick County for James Steward (Stewart, Stuart) and David Edwards in 1750 and 1751 (Papers, Colonial Series description begins W. W. Abbot et al., eds. The Papers of George Washington, Colonial Series. 10 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1983–95. description ends , 1:20, 30, 31, 37).

6GW seems to have paid the expenses of his two brothers to come up from Stafford and Westmoreland counties to vote for him and George Mercer in the burgess election in Winchester on 18 May 1761.

7The October 1760 session of the assembly met from 6 to 20 Oct., and the April 1761 session met from 5 Mar. to 10 April 1761. For the meetings of the House of Burgesses that he attended, GW usually drew from the treasurer ten shillings a day from the day the House convened until its adjournment, ten shillings for twelve “Travelling days,” and charges for ferries (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 122). GW does not enter in Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends the totals for his pay in the October 1760 and March 1761 sessions, but he notes, “Settled the Contra Acct with the Treasr this 8th day of Novr 1761 and receivd what money was due to me on Acct of Burgesses Wages ’till this present Session of Assembly.” On 21 Mar. 1761 GW was added to the standing committee of Propositions and Grievances in the House of Burgesses, and in the same session he managed the passage of two bills, one to bar hogs from running loose in Winchester so as to protect the water supply and another to establish the town of Woodstock. See JHB, 1758–1761 description begins H. R. McIlwaine and John Pendleton Kennedy, eds. Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia. 13 vols. Richmond, 1905–15. description ends , 223, 225, 227, 228, 233, 240, 241, 248, and 253; and 7 Hening description begins William Waller Hening, ed. The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia, from the First Session of the Legislature, in the Year 1619. 13 vols. 1819–23. Reprint. Charlottesville, Va., 1969. description ends 406–7, 411–12.

8A “Capt. Loxham & family” were in Lancaster County on 1 Feb. 1761 (“Journal of Col. James Gordon” in WMQ, 1st ser., 11 [1902–3], 218). GW and his family may have gone into mourning for Ann Fairfax Lee, who earlier had been the wife of Lawrence Washington and who died in January 1761.

9Weepers were white strips of cloth worn on a man’s cuff or white cuffs worn by women for mourning.

10John Baynes (born c.1726) had a store at Piscataway, Prince George’s County, Maryland.

11John Marshall was captain of the Virginian. See George Bowdon to GW, 24 Mar. 1761, n.1.

12John Muir (c.1731–1791) was a Scottish merchant in Alexandria.

13This may be Edward Barrett of Fairfax County. See Cash Accounts, 1762, n.1.

14See note 20.

15Hector Ross was a merchant in Colchester, Fairfax County. See Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 1:263. GW received £16.18.3 for “530 feet of Inch and Quarter Plank—delivd at your own Landing and Sundrys” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 111).

16John Carlyle (1720–1780) and William Ramsay (1716–1785), both Scots, were leading merchants in Alexandria. GW noted in Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 109, that he paid Ramsay £35 “in Williamsburg” on his account with Carlyle & Dalton.

17Anthony Walke (1692–1768) and his son Anthony Walke, Jr. (1726–1782), were merchants in Norfolk who imported rum and sugar from the West Indies. GW gave Jacob Alligood £21.8.9 to pay Walke for “56½ Gallns Spirits” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 118). See note 18.

18James Alligood (Allegood) was agent for Aitchison (Aitcheson) & Parker of Norfolk. He may be the same man that GW calls “Jacob” in note 17.

19In his account with Dr. James Craik, GW indicates that he bought “a Government Bill of Excha[nge]” of £140 for Craik on 6 April 1761 to pay him £48.11.10, leaving Craik with the £92 balance in “Cash” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 121).

20In his account with Dr. James Laurie, GW shows himself owing Laurie £15 for “Attendance on all my People in this County . . . at the rate of £15 pr Ann.” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 93).

21This was probably Dr. John Hamilton (c.1696–1768) of Annapolis and Calvert County, Md., and brother of Dr. Alexander Hamilton (1712–1756) of Maryland.

22Peter Hay (d. 1766) practiced medicine in York County. GW was in Williamsburg at this time attending the assembly as a burgess from Frederick County and became ill. See GW to Peter Stover, 9 Nov. 1761, and GW to Andrew Burnaby, 27 July 1761, n.7.

23This may have been the professor of natural philosophy in the College of William and Mary, Dr. William Small.

24The tavern of Mercy Chew (d. 1775) and her husband Joseph Chew was in Alexandria. “Sundes” may be “Sund[ri]es.”

25Jane Vobe (died c.1789) kept a tavern on Waller Street in Williamsburg.

26GW often frequented Christiana Campbell’s tavern near the Capitol in Williamsburg.

27Ann Mason’s tavern was in Alexandria.

28Charles Julian and his wife kept a tavern in Fredericksburg.

29William Trebell’s tavern was in Williamsburg. He also owned the Raleigh Tavern there from 1763 to 1767.

30Henry Wetherburn kept taverns in Williamsburg from 1731 until his death in 1760.

31GW often employed Bryan Allison (Bryant Alliston) as a tailor.

33Samuel Brasenton (Brazington) and his wife made leather clothing and goods for GW. See Cash Accounts, July 1759, n.4. GW recorded having received from Brasenton in February 1761 “3 pair Leather Breeches,” totaling £3.18, and a pair altered “for myself” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 81).

34Robert Adam (1731–1789) of Alexandria owned, among other things, a tannery and flour mill. GW paid “last yr,” 16 Sept. 1760, £5.12.0 to Adam (Cash Accounts, September 1760).

35Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 170, indicates that GW had John Prescot make “Negroe Shoes” for him in 1763, 1764, and 1765.

36This may have been a descriptive appellation rather than an actual name. A German named Christian Küfer was running an inn in the area at mid-century.

37Henry Heth kept an ordinary in Winchester. He provided drinks for GW to entertain freeholders in the election of 1758 when GW first won his seat in the House of Burgesses. See GW’s account with Heth, 24–26 July 1758, printed as an enclosure in Charles Smith to GW, 26 July 1758.

38Philip Bush (c.1733–1812) was a merchant in Winchester who had an ordinary in the town.

39Edward Snickers ran an ordinary near Buck Marsh Run in Frederick County.

40Leesburg was the county seat of Loudoun County, created in 1757.

41Richard Coleman’s ordinary was on Leesburg Pike at Sugar Land Run.

42“Colo. Hytes” was probably Jacob Hite. See Robert Stewart to GW, 12 Mar. 1761 (first letter), n.4.

43New Town (or Stephensburg), now called Stephens City, in Frederick County, was 7 miles south of Winchester.

44This may be Henry Moore, who voted for GW in both the 1758 and 1761 elections in Frederick County. GW added “Gentn” after his name in his own alphabetical copy of the 24 July 1758 poll (DLC:GW).

45Cunningham may be Robert Cunningham of Frederick County who voted for GW in both House of Burgesses elections. He had land south of Mill Creek a few miles north of Winchester.

46James Magill’s (McGill’s) tavern was on the road to Fort Cumberland from Winchester in Frederick County. See GW to Van Swearingen, 15 May 1761, n.3.

47A Thomas Wood was a constable in Winchester in 1757. See GW to Dinwiddie, 9 Oct. 1757.

48William West’s ordinary was on the Carolina road in Loudoun County.

49John Hollis (d. 1768) ran an ordinary in Fairfax County near the Loudoun County line.

50GW, who with George Mercer was elected on 16 May to represent Frederick County in the House of Burgesses, noted on 19 May that Mercer spent £38.19.7 of £50 “Cash log’d with him to defray the Exps. of my Electn in Fredk Cty” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 40).

51Upper Marlboro, Md., was a town on the Patuxent River in Prince George’s County, only a few hours’ travel from Mount Vernon.

52GW left on about 22 Aug. to seek a cure for his illness at Warm Springs and remained there until after the middle of September. See GW to Andrew Burnaby, 27 July 1761, and GW to Charles Green, 26[–30] Aug. 1761.

53GW attended the session of the assembly that began on 2 Nov. and lasted through 14 November.

54Philip Grymes (1721–c.1762), deputy auditor general in Virginia, was from Middlesex County.

55GW wrote “Jno. GonJno.,” which may be a false start that he failed to correct.

56Daniel French and William Gardner were both planters in Fairfax County. On French’s instructions, GW paid Gardner for the 3,165 pounds of pork supplied by French (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 118).

57See Edward Violet’s agreement, 5 Aug. 1762, to become GW’s overseer of Bullskin plantation.

58The nineteen barrels of corn were John Foster’s share of what he raised in 1761 on the Dogue Run farm at Mount Vernon where Foster was GW’s overseer.

59No such entry appears in GW’s account with his brother John Augustine Washington (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 97, 123).

60GW sent by John Augustine Washington his annual payment to George Lee for “the use of Mt Vernon Tract & Slaves” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 47). For GW’s rental of Mount Vernon, see Lease of Mount Vernon, 17 Dec. 1754.

61Edward Williams and Gilbert Simpson were GW’s tenants on the Clifton’s Neck land that GW bought in 1760. See GW to Benjamin Waller, 2 April 1760, n.1.

62Henry Taylor was one of GW’s tenants at Mount Vernon.

63Thomas Lawson managed John Tayloe’s ironworks on Neabsco Creek in Prince William County.

64In his account with his neighbor John Posey, GW’s entry of 27 Mar. 1761 shows Posey owing him £5 for “Cash lent you in Williamsburg” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 92).

65GW lent his neighbor Humphrey Peake (1733–1785) £10.

66GW bought a tract of 135 acres on the west side of Dogue Run at Mount Vernon from John, not William, Ashford on 29–30 Jan. 1761 for £150. See Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 1:293, and Cash Accounts, 1762, n.43.

67Thomson Mason (1733–1785) in 1760 competed with GW for the purchase of William Clifton’s land on Clifton’s Neck. See GW to Benjamin Waller, 2 April 1760

68The law required the purchaser to pay the tax on imported slaves (4 Hening description begins William Waller Hening, ed. The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia, from the First Session of the Legislature, in the Year 1619. 13 vols. 1819–23. Reprint. Charlottesville, Va., 1969. description ends 317–22; 7 Hening description begins William Waller Hening, ed. The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia, from the First Session of the Legislature, in the Year 1619. 13 vols. 1819–23. Reprint. Charlottesville, Va., 1969. description ends 69–87).

69On 4 June 1761 GW paid his brother-in-law Fielding Lewis “at the Fair Fredg” £40 for “two Lotts in Fredericksburg” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 8). The two lots GW bought from Lewis were supposed to be lots 107 and 108 on present Lewis Street between Charles and Prince Edward streets. GW must have been given instead, by mistake, titles to lots 111 and 113 on Charles Street between Fauquier and Hawke streets. The lots on Lewis Street were then, in October 1761, conveyed to Michael Robinson. In 1772 GW paid Robinson £275 in order to get titles to the two lots on Lewis Street. Finally in 1795 Fielding Lewis’s heir, John Lewis, sorted out the four lots and reconveyed them to the rightful purchasers. For further information on these transactions, see Felder, Forgotten Companions description begins Paula S. Felder. Forgotten Companions: The First Settlers of Spotsylvania County and Fredericksburgh Town. Fredericksburg, Va., 1982. description ends , 138–39, and the following Spotsylvania County deeds: Fielding Lewis to GW, 1–2 June 1761, Deed Book E (1751–61), 866–70; Fielding Lewis to Michael Robinson, 13 Oct. 1761, Deed Book F (1761–66), 112–13; Fielding and Betty Lewis to James Mercer, 4 Sept. 1769, GW and Martha Washington to James Mercer, 13 Oct. 1769, Deed Book G (1766–71), 293–95, 316–17; Michael Robinson to GW, 18 Sept. 1772, Deed Book H (1771–74), 224–25; John and Mary Ann Lewis to Richard Dobson, 3 Feb. 1794, Deed Book O (1794–97), 51–52, all in ViSpoCh. In addition, a deed from John Lewis to James Mercer, 3 Nov. 1786, is in the records of the circuit court of Fredericksburg. The 1794 deed contains a lengthy reprise of the errors in the various deeds and sets out the expedients required to right the errors.

70For several years GW hired John McLaughlan (McClockland) to do weaving.

71John West, Jr. (d. 1777), was sheriff of Fairfax County in 1761.

72John Alton became GW’s body servant in the Braddock campaign in 1755 and remained in GW’s employ until his death in 1785.

73GW made Christopher Hardwick the resident overseer of his Bullskin plantation in 1756. GW notes on 6 June 1761 having sent Hardwick £40 by James Stephenson and on 28 Oct. 1761 having sent £19.3, twelve pounds of which was “to buy a Waggon horse” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 91).

74John Spotswood of Spotsylvania left a large estate at his death in 1758. In his account with the executors of the Spotswood estate, GW records having paid £123 for “Sundrys bought at the Sale—& for wch I passd my Bond—payable to his Exrs.” In the same account, under the date of 10 April 1761, he enters on the other side of the ledger £123 as “Cash paid Colo. Bern[ar]d Moore pr Rect—the Bond not being deliverd up” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 88).

75In his account with Turner Crump in Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 121, GW shows Crump entitled to 3s. 6d. for “bringing my Negroes up” and £30 for “your hire for looking after my Carpenters one year ending Decr 1. 1761.” Crump continued as overseer of GW’s carpenters through 1764.

76Thomas Bishop recently had returned to GW’s employ. See George Mercer to GW, 17 Feb. 1760, n.5, and Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 124.

77Benjamin Waller (1710–1786), clerk of the General Court, was a lawyer in Williamsburg.

78Mary Sheridine rented a farm on Clifton’s Neck in 1760 when GW acquired it. She paid him 730 pounds of tobacco for the year’s rental. GW bought from her in December 1760, among other things, “One Cow and Calf & two Heifers,” “2 Sows and thirteen Pigs,” and “10 Barrls of Corn,” at a total cost of £13.14.3, which, on her order, he paid to his overseer of Creek farm, Josias Cook (Cooke). See Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 114.

79This may be Thomas Brownley (Bromley, Brumley) of Fairfax County.

80This is Richard Stephenson of Frederick County.

81In his account with his brother John Augustine Washington, GW indicates he paid Mrs. McKenzie this amount “for making Caps” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 123).

82See Cash Accounts, 1762, note 1. The daughters, Valinda, Sarah, and Eleanor, bought cloth from GW’s weavers in 1767. See Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 260.

83Peyton Randolph (c.1721–1775) was the attorney general.

84Michael Gratter (Greter) was a butcher in Alexandria who in May 1759 received a license to operate an ordinary in the town and on 19 May 1762 was presented for selling liquor without a license.

85“W.” may stand for Williamsburg.

86The following advertisement was run in the Maryland Gazette (Annapolis), 23 April 1761: “TO BE RUN FOR, On Thursday the 28th Day of May, on the usual Race Ground at Alexandria, A PURSE of FIFTY POUNDS, Three Times round the Ground (being near three Miles) the best in Three Heats, by any Horse, Mare, or Gelding, 14 Hands to carry 10 Stone, below that Measure, Weight for Inches.

“And, on the Day following, will be Run for, on the same Ground and Distance, A PURSE of TWENTY-FIVE POUNDS, by Four Year old Colts, 14 Hands to carry 9 Stone, below that Measure, Weight for Inches.

“The Horses to be Entered on the Monday before the Race with the Managers, Mr. George Washington, Mr. John Carlyle, and Mr. Charles Digges: Each Horse to pay Fifty Shillings Entrance on the First Day, and Twenty-five Shillings the Second Day; and those who do not enter their Horses on the Monday aforesaid, to pay double Entrance.

“Three Horses to Start or no Race.

“All Differences that may arise, will be decided by the Managers.”

87This may be Alexander Boyd, the paymaster of the Virginia Regiment.

88The slave assigned to be young John Parke Custis’s personal servant was named Julius (Appendix C, in Settlement of the Daniel Parke Custis Estate, 20 April 1759–5 Nov. 1761).

89Capt. Robert Merrie.

90GW received this sum from Treasurer John Robinson after the assembly ended its session on 10 April 1761 to convey to John Posey, Edward Snickers, Philip Babb, and Gabriel Jones, which he indicates here that he has done.

91Philip Babb (1731–1762) was a planter in Frederick County.

92On 28 Mar. 1761 the House of Burgesses voted Gabriel Jones, a lawyer who practiced in Virginia’s frontier counties, £25 as one of the commissioners “for settling the Militia and Indian Accounts” (JHB, 1758–1761 description begins H. R. McIlwaine and John Pendleton Kennedy, eds. Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia. 13 vols. Richmond, 1905–15. description ends , 237). Jones was a burgess from Hampshire County, but he may not have attended the session of spring 1761. It may be only coincidental that the amount GW conveyed to Jones to dispense to the four frontiersmen named here was only slightly less than the £25 that Jones was to receive from the treasury.

Index Entries