George Washington Papers

To George Washington from John Stanwix, 11 July 1757

From John Stanwix

Camp near Carlisle [Pa.] 11th July 1757


had I had any Opportunity of returning an Answer to the Favour of yours of the 24th of June1 should have acknowledged it much sooner but would not mis the Opportunity of this Express to Mr Atkins wch I send in this manner as Govern. Denny tell’s me the letter is to him of moment from Sir Wm Johnston and that if he has left your Country you will know how to Forward it to him.2 I have had severl partys out Scouting in these Borders as far as Rays town & so on over those North Mountains nothing material, a few Stragling Indians this way who have shot at Women & Children but killed as yet one Horse. Col: Wesser tells me his is pesterd with a good many more of them on their border’s from the Susquehana &c. when a good deal of Mischief has been done but they should have there & at Shamokin 600 Provincials at least or 800 as none are yet gone to S: Caroliana.3

as to your Country Malitia all I believe we are to expect from them is their Guarding the Forts in Case the Provincials March forward except they were to go upon a Command they liked this might carry them out of their Countys.

There is no doubt but Adl Holburn has joyn’d Lord Loudoun before this off Hallifax we may soon expect to hear of something being attempted in the North which at present takes up the whole attention both of Europe & America, your willingnes to allow me to waite upon you with the Troop’s and your Command is very Obliging, and no order’s from me shall move you from your present Station when you have had Instructions to remain, except the most Urgent Necessity, my General Instructions are to remain here where I am trying to throw up some usefull retrenchmts but shall think my self justified to march when it appears to me that the publick service on the back of any of these southern provinces may want Assistance, I beg you will believe that I am very truly Dr Sir Your most obedt humble Servt

John Stanwix


1No letter to Stanwix on 24 June has been found.

2A letter from Gov. William Denny at Philadelphia to Stanwix dated 7 July 1757 includes the following postscript: “Please to forward the enclosd Letter to Mr Atkin ⟨at⟩ Winchester; it comes from Sir William Johnson, & contai⟨ns⟩ Matters of Consequence. If he shoud be gone, Col. Washington will send it after him wherever he is” (DLC:GW). Sir William Johnson’s letter to Edmond Atkin, 21 June 1757, and various enclosures relating to Johnson’s conference with some of the Indians from the Six Nations on 20 June are in Pa. Archives description begins Samuel Hazard et al., eds. Pennsylvania Archives. 9 ser., 138 vols. Philadelphia and Harrisburg, 1852–1949. description ends , Col. Rec., 7:623–28.

3Conrad Weiser lived in Reading and inspected some of the colony’s forts in early July. Pennsylvania’s Fort Augusta was built at Shamokin, a Delaware Indian town on the Susquehanna River.

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