George Washington Papers

From George Washington to Andrew Lewis, 1 July 1757

To Andrew Lewis

[Fort Loudoun, 1 July 1757]

By George Washington Esq; Colonel of the Virginia Regimt and Commander of all the Virginia Forces.

To Major Andrew Lewis—

You are to proceed to Fredericksburgh—where you are to remain for the reception of the Draughts for the Regiment.1

You are to take their names, size, complexion, age, country, and former employment; and the Officers names who deliver them: specifying the number you receive from each officer; to whom you are to give a receipt for them2—You must not receive any that are subject to fits, or that have ulcers or old sores on their legs, or any other disease that renders them incapable of service—nor that are under five feet four inches high; unless active and well-built. You are to order them up here in parties as they are; and to transmit me, by the commanding Officer of each of the parties, an exact muster-roll of his command—You are to give the Officers of these commands, orders to be particularly careful, and to use every precaution to prevent desertion.

You are to procure provisions for them upon the best terms you can; and see they are properly supplied: They are to get nothing but provisions, ’till their arrival here; when they will receive necessaries of every kind.

You are to continue at Fredericksburgh, to march up the last of them ordered to rendezvous at that place, unless you shall receive a counter-mand.

You are to keep exact copies of the receipts you give for the Draughts: and endeavour to give these men a favourable opinion of the way of life they are entered upon, by treating them with kindness and humanity, the most effectual means of removing those strange prejudices which the common people have in general against it.

If any of them shou’d desert, you are to write to the commanding officer of the county whence they came, informing him of it; and begging his aid in apprehending and sending them to the Regiment. Given at &c.



1For Dinwiddie’s instructions about the drafts at Fredericksburg and the actions taken by GW, see Dinwiddie to GW, 20, 24, 27 June, and GW to Dinwiddie, 27 June 1757.

2In DLC:GW there are size rolls for the men drafted in 1757 from Gloucester County (16 men), James City County (2 men), King and Queen County (9 men), Lancaster County (7 men), Middlesex County (6 men), Northumberland County (3 men), and Williamsburg (5 men). In his paper book of memoranda described in the source note of his Memoranda, 7 June 1757, GW gives the names of nineteen “men draughted from the Artificers to do Garrison Duty for a Time,” the names of twelve draftees brought to Winchester from Prince William County, eight from King George County, nine from Stafford County, twelve from Culpeper County, and nine from Fairfax County (NN: Washington Collection). But see also GW to John Robinson, 10 July 1757, n.7. For the names of the eleven men drafted in King George County, see GW to Charles Carter, 2 July 1757, n.3. For references to other lists, see GW to Dinwiddie, 3 Aug. 1757, n.2.

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