George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Robert Stewart, 3 July 1756

From Robert Stewart

Maidstone July 3rd 1756


I recd your favours by Capt. Gist and agreeable thereto Capt. Bell, he, their Ensigns & Men Marches this day for Fort Cumberland1 Capt. Gist could not get ready sooner there now remains here only the Sick and my own Men, who till within these few days have been all well and are now turning Sick when the Duty is become hardest, theres 3 of them Sick 2 Lame and 1 Confin’d for Mutiny;2 I have sent off Corporal Winterbottom & have sent for the Deserters at Carlyle all which has vastly diminish’d my small Number[.]3 I’m under a necessity of having three Centrys vizt 1 at the Guard House Door, 1 on the Store & 1 on the rising Ground above the Intrenchment therefore can’t mount less than a Corporl and 9 Men So that very few will remain to Range with however will make the most of those few and punctually obey your orders I have spoke to severals of the Country Men and endeavour’d to procure some of them to go as guides, Ensign Crawford who is well acquainted with them has likewise spoke to them & wrote amongst his Acquaintances and many of them say they would chearfully go were it not for their Harvest which makes it impossible for them to leave home at this Juncture So that we can’t expect the least assistance from them, the few I have fit for Duty must be constantly on Guard or Command—The Inhabitants are alarm’d at the Troops Marching from hence and say that if this place should be evacuated they must abandon their Plantations, I assure them that what now Marches will return again and that you will keep Men here as long their Safety requires it—The Enemy may easily pass Governor Sharp4 and come down here, it’s true there are but few Stores left But I should think myself as much concern’d in makg a good Defence if attack’d as if the Royal Bank of England were deposited here tho’ I don’t apprehend much Danger at present but should anything happen I’m certain you’ll do me the Justice to remember the triffling Number I have fit for Duty with which I have the Guard House Hospital and Intrenchmts to Defend & perhaps a small Party out at that time—It gives me great Joy to hear of yr Intention of coming this way for several reasons, I’m perswaded that this will appear a place of more Importance than is generally imagin’d as it & Mendenhals Covers a well Inhabited Country.5 I am with Great respect Sir Your Most Obt hble Servt

Robert Stewart

Since writing the above one of Capt. Woodford’s Men came here and informs me that all their Men except 11 Desertd in two Bodies6—The night before last one Martial a Blacksmith and his Family in all 8 Persons were Kill’d & Captivated by the Indians several Circumstances concur in making it certain the Enemy are return’d this way—Martial liv’d on Connegocheige Six Miles below Governor Sharp’s Fort.7


1GW’s letters have not been found. GW marched with the main body of troops from Winchester, probably on 29 June. See Orders, 28 June 1756.

2Stewart had one lieutenant, one sergeant, and thirty-four men in his troop. At this time twenty-four men were fit for duty at Maidstone. See his return of this date in DLC:GW.

3John Winterbottom was being returned to Lt. Col. Thomas Gage at Albany by Gage’s request. Stewart sent four men to Carlisle, Pa., for the deserters. See Stewart to GW, 20 June 1756, n.5, for references to the deserters.

4Gov. Horatio Sharpe was residing at the site of Fort Frederick, which was being built about fourteen miles west of Maidstone on the north side of Potomac River.

5Mendenhal’s was a small country fort at one of the gaps through the mountains in northern Frederick County.

6On 16 May GW ordered William Woodford, captain of a detachment of fifty militiamen from Caroline County, to the mouth of Sleepy Creek on the Potomac.

7This is probably Fort Frederick. See note 4.

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