George Washington Papers

From George Washington to George William Fairfax, 23 October 1755

To George William Fairfax

Pearsalls—October 23d 1755.

To Colonel George William Fairfax.

We arrived here to-day, where I met Captains Cocks and Ashby, whom I have appointed to remain on Pattersons Creek; the one at Nicholas Reasmers, the other at [ ] Sellars’s, in order to protect the Inhabitants on those Waters, and to Escort any Waggons to and from Fort Cumberland, with necessaries for the Service. It would be also necessary to have a party of the Militia appointed to this place, for the same purpose; the rest should be stationed above the Trough,1 at such convenient posts or passes as you and Colonel Martin shall think advisable. Captain Cocks applied to me for pay; I have refered him to you—Have nothing particular to add, but Compliments to Colonel Martin, &c. Yours



1The Trough was a narrow canyon on the South Branch of the Potomac described by GW in 1748 as a “couple of Ledges of Mountain Impassable running side & side together for above 7 or 8 Miles & the River down between them” (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 1:19).

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