To John Augustine Washington
[Fort Cumberland, Md., 7 June 1755]
To Mr Jno. Auge Washington
As much hurried
as I am at present, I cant think of leaving this place without writing to you; tho I have no time to be particular. I was Escorted by 8 Men of the Militia from Winchester to this place ; which 8 Men were 2 Days assembling; but I believe they woud not have been more than as many seconds dispersing if I had been attacked.1 Upon my arrival here, I found Sir Jno. St Clair with a body of 500 Men were Marchd to prepare the Roads, lay a deposit of Provisions at the little Meadows, and to erect some kind of defensive work there.
Tomorrow Sir Peter with the first Brigade Begin2 their March, and on monday the General and the 2d will follow.3 We have no certain
acct from the Ohio: but have advices from Philidelphia that a body of 300 F: passd Oswego in their way to Fort Duquisne, and that a larger Detachment was hourly expected.4 A Captn of Sir Peter’s Regimt with several of the common Soldiers of the different Corps has died since our Incampmt here, and many others are now sick with a kind of Bloody Flux.5 I wrote from Winchester a Letter which I hope you have receivd6 and shoud be glad of an answer as soon as possible; any Letter’s to me, directed to the care of Mr Cox at Winchester,7 will be certain of a conveyance[.] I am Dr Jack Yr most Affe Brothr
Go to page 36.8
LB (original), DLC:GW; LB, DLC:GW.
2. The “B” in the original word is badly blotted.
5. Captain Bromley of the 44th Regiment died on 16 or 17 May 1755 reportedly “of a vilant Feaver which the Cuntry is very Subject to” and was buried with honors on 18 May (“The Journal of Captain Robert Cholmley’s Batman,” in Hamilton, Braddock’s Defeat description begins Charles Hamilton, ed. Braddock’s Defeat. Norman, Okla., 1959. description ends , 15). See also “The Morris Journal,” in Sargent, Braddock’s Expedition description begins Winthrop Sargent, ed. The History of an Expedition against Fort Du Quesne, in 1755; under Major-General Edward Braddock, Generalissimo of H.B.M. Forces in America. Philadelphia, 1856. description ends , 377. According to the official return of the troops at Fort Cumberland on 8 June 1755, eight rank and file had recently died.
7. William Cocks (d. 1769) of Winchester, who served as captain of the 1st company of Virginia rangers 1755–56, seems to have been at this time a deputy commissary responsible for engaging wagons and forwarding supplies from Winchester to Fort Cumberland. After GW became colonel of the Virginia Regiment in the fall of this year, he rented and from time to time lived in Cocks’s house in Winchester (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 32, DLC:GW).