George Washington Papers

[Diary entry: 9 January 1787]

Tuesday 9th. Mercury at 38 in the Morning—39 at Noon and 38 at Night.

Wet Morning with the Wind tho’ light at No. Et. Cloudy and Mizzling all day.

Two Millwrights who came to my Mill yesterday began to work to day on a new Cog wheel to the grist Mill.

Kept within doors by the badness of the weather.

Took an acct. of my grass seeds on hand—which are as follows

10 Bushl. Clover a 68 1/2 685 lbs.
Expected from Phil. 300
20 Bushels orchard Grass
16 1/2 Ditto Timothy
1 Ditto New river
6 Quarts Pumpkin Seeds
1/2 Bushl. Magity bay Pease
1/2 Ditto Spg. Barley Mr. Lee
1/2 ditto Wheat of the Cape of Good hope.

NB—The above Clover Seed at 10 lbs. to the Acre will sow 98½ acr.—at 12 lbs., 82 acres—at 14 lb. 70 lbs.—& at 16 lbs. the largest quantity bestowed on an acre. 61½ acres.

The Orchard grass at a bus. to the acre will sow 20 acres.

The Timothy Seed at a quart to the Acre, will sow 528 acres at 3 pints 352 acres and at 2 Quarts to the Acre, 264 acres.

At home all day.

two millwrights: Some time in late March or early April of this year these two artisans were paid a total of £12 12s. by GW “for repairs done my mill” (LEDGER B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 245).

New River grass is probably not a variety; GW often used localities as a means of designating plants for which he had no other name. The New River joins the Gauley to form the Kanawha, an affluent of the Ohio, and GW may have collected the grass seed on his western trip of 1784. In the entry for 14 May 1788 he says it appears to be a “course kind of grass.”

Index Entries