James Madison Papers

James Madison: Proposed Plan Changing Presidential Elections, December 1823

Each Elector give 2 votes, one for his first choice, another for his next choice. If there be a majy. of all the Electoral votes on the first list for the same person, he of course to be P: if not & there be a majy. of votes on the 2d list, for the same person, then he to be P. If there be not such a majy on either list, then a choice to be made by a joint ballot of the 2. Houses from names having the greatest no. of votes on the 2 lists taken together. Such a process, wd avoid the inconveniency of a second resort to the Electors and furnish a double chance for avoiding a continual resort to Congs.


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