[January 16, 1816]
James Madison, President of the United States of America,
To all who shall see these presents, Greeting:
Know ye, That reposing special Trust and Confidence in the Wisdom, Uprightness and Learning of Thomas Towles of Kentucky, I have nominated, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, do appoint him one of the Judges in and over the Illinois Territory; and do authorize and empower him to execute and fulfil the duties of that office according to law, and to Have and to Hold the said office, with all the powers, privileges and emoluments to the same of right appertaining during his good behaviour, or during the existence of the Government established by the Act of the Congress of the United States passed the 3d of February 1809, entitled "An Act for dividing the Indiana Territory into two Separate Governments", and the Ordinance of Congress passed on the 13th of July 1787, therein referred to; he to reside in the said Territory.
In Testimony whereof, I have caused these Letters to be made patent and the Seal of the United States to be hereunto affixed. Given under my hand at the City of Washington the Sixteenth day of January A.D. 1816; and of the Independence of the United States the Fortieth.
Printed Source--Clarence Edwin Carter et al., eds. The Territorial Papers of the United States. 27 vols. (Washington, D.C., 1934-69).: Volume XVII: The Territory of Illinois, 1814-1818.