28 October 1815
To all who shall see these presents, Greeting:
Know Ye, That reposing special Trust and Confidence in the Wisdom, Uprightness and Learning of Thomas Towles of Kentucky, I do appoint him one of the Judges in and over the Illinois Territory; and do authorize and empower him to execute and fulfil the duties of that Office according to the Constitution and laws of the United States; and to Have and to Hold the said office, with all the powers, privileges and emoluments to the same of right appertaining unto him the said Thomas Towles until the end of the next Session of the Senate of the United States, and no longer.
In Testimony whereof I have caused these Letters to be made patent and the Seal of the United States to be hereunto affixed. Given under my hand at the City of Washington the Twenty Eighth day of October A. D. 1815; and of the Independence of the United States of America the fortieth.
By the President,
Secy of State
Printed Source--Clarence Edwin Carter et al., eds. The Territorial Papers of the United States. 27 vols. (Washington, D.C., 1934-69).: Volume XVII: The Territory of Illinois, 1814-1818.