James Madison Papers

To James Madison from Samuel Huntington, 6 January 1810

From Samuel Huntington

Chillicothe Jany. 6th. 1809. [1810]


Agreably to the request of the General Assembly of the State of Ohio, I have the honor to transmit you a certified Copy of their resolution passed the 4th. instant, “on the subject of extinguishing the Indian title to lands within this State,” And am With great respect, Sir, your most obedt. Servt.

Saml Huntington1


A Resolution on the Subject of extinguishing the Indian title, to lands within this State.

In General Assembly

Whereas, the North western quarter of this state, is inhabited by and subject to, the claims of certain Indian tribes; and while it remains so the settlement and improvement thereof, cannot be effected; and it being of great importance to the United States, as well as to this state that the lands in that part should be open for sale, settlement, and taxation as soon as may be; and in case of war, to be the more easily enabled to defend a coast bordering on the Territory of a Belligerent nation; to secure its local advantages to every part of the State; so far as possible; to avail the United States, and this state of the revenue which will gradually arise from the sale and taxation of that portion of its territory; and to make its jurisdiction and civil government, co-extensive with its geographical bounds. Therefore

Resolved by the General assembly of the State of Ohio, that our senators in Congress be instructed and our representative requested; to use their endeavours to procure by treaty; the extinguishment of the Indian title to the lands within the limits of this state.

Resolved that his excellency the Governor of this State be requested to forward a copy of the foregoing Resolution to each of our senators and representative in Congress, and also a copy to the President of the United States.

Edward Tiffen
Speaker of the House of Representatives

Duncan McArthur
Speaker of the Senate

RC and enclosure (DNA: RG 107, LRRS, H-5:5). RC docketed by a War Department clerk as received 18 Jan. 1810. Enclosure in a clerk’s hand; attested to by the clerks of the Ohio House and Senate; certified as a correct copy by the secretary of the state of Ohio, 5 Jan. 1810.

1Samuel Huntington (1765–1818) was an Ohio Republican leader who had held a number of legislative and judicial posts before serving as governor of Ohio between 1808 and 1810.

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