From Anthony Fothergill
Philadelphia March 28th. 1809.
Being just recovered from a long indisposition, permit me now to tender you my sincere congratulations on your elevation to a station of the highest dignity your Country could confer. A station however, at this juncture, as arduous as it is honorable, & which will call forth all your Virtues & Magnanimity to adorn.
May your Administration be crowned with the happy adjustment of the existing differences between this country & Great Britain! And may you have the felicity of speedily restoring that friendly intercourse & mutual harmony, so highly desirable between two kindred nations!
As a slender tribute of respect, deign, kind Sir, to accept the inclosed cursory observations,1 which various avocations & indisposition have prevented me from enlarging, as intended & as the importance of the Subjects demanded.
As they relate to the health of your Cities & the success of your wheat harvests, your candour will readily excuse their imperfect state; as I hope at some future period to improve them & render a future edition more worthy of your Acceptance. May You, worthy Sir, long enjoy perfect health to enable you to encounter all the difficulties of your arduous station, is the fervent wish of Dear Sir, your most obliged & obedient Servt.
RC (NjP). Docketed by JM. Enclosures not found, but see n. 1.
1. Fothergill, an English physician, lived in Philadelphia from 1803 to 1812. This enclosure must have been his recent work, Remarks on the Smut and Mildew of Wheat; with Hints on the Most Probable Means of Prevention … (Philadelphia, 1808). Fothergill also enclosed a second tract, which JM acknowledged in his reply of 5 Apr. 1809.
2. In 1805 Dolley Madison suffered from a slight tumor on her leg. When Washington physicians were unable to provide a cure, she spent three months in Philadelphia, successfully treated by Dr. Philip Syng Physick (Brant, Madison description begins Irving Brant, James Madison (6 vols.; Indianapolis and New York, 1941–61). description ends , 4:280).
3. Probably Frederick Smith, a Philadelphia Quaker, and Dr. Caspar Wistar (Monica Kiefer, “Early American Childhood in the Middle Atlantic Area,” Pa. Mag. Hist. and Biog., 68 : 12).