From Thomas Appleton, 4 June 1803
Leghorn 4th. of June 1803.
Since my respects of the 29th. of May, and of which you have now inclosed a duplicate, little else of importance has occurred, excepting that a division of the french army has marched towards Naples. A considerable re: inforcement is hourly expected in this City, which is now declared by the Commanding General in a State of Siege; as I presume at the moment I am writing, every port in Italy.
A few fortunate adventurers from the United States have Arrived since the declaration of war, and they have, as will all those who shall proffit of the enthousiasm for Speculation which ⟨g⟩enerally ensues hostilities, sell their Cargoes at least for 100 Pct. benefit from the original Cost. Pardon Sir the liberty I have taken to enclose a letter for my brother-in-law Samuel Emery of Philadelphia, for I am indirectly informed that the Captain of the vessel by whom this goes, will not receiv⟨e⟩ in charge any for private individuals, and I am Compelled to use this stratagem to convey Some letters of much family importance. I am Sir with the highest Respect Your most Obedient Servant