James Madison Papers

To James Madison from John G. Jackson, 29 April 1805

From John G. Jackson

Clarksburg April 29th. 1805

Dear Sir

Your favors of the 25th. March1 & 1st. Inst. were duly recd. with their enclosures long since. I thank you [for] Your polite remembrance of me in forwarding the papers relative to the rupture between England and Spain; it will require the full exercise of all the admirable talents of the Executive department, to “prevent the agitation of the billows from reaching our shores”2 & hence I infer that you are again destined to spend the summer in Washington—if you do not, it would afford me sincere pleasure to join you in Orange although I cannot promise myself that it will be in my power to do so. I have not yet been able to give any attention to Mr. Lovells memorandom3 & indeed although I much wished it, I have not even had leisure to write you heretofore—we arrived at home on the 23 of March, the next day Court commenced & continued all the week—the monday following in Randolph—and the Elections began upon the ensuing monday, & have continued all this month ending only with this day—we have six Counties in the District which is larger than the state of New-Hampshire—& in conformity with custom I was obliged to attend the various elections. It was not until after my return that I consented to offer—no consideration but the desire to prevent the Election of a Federalist could have induced me—strange as it may appear they are as rancorous in their opposition as ever—the last district election we had, was for a State Senator in which they succeeded, & which gave new life, & vigor to the party—they fully calculated upon success; being aided in their efforts by letters from Duane of which the enclosed is a Copy,4 & which were most extensively circulated in this quarter a few days before the election commenced in this County, where their influence was considered as certain—the result of the Vote however was Wilson 132—Jackson 537—in Harrison

do  16 do  111 in Wood
131  145 in Ohio
 83  970 in Randolph
409 141 in Monongalia
771 1031
Jackson’s Majority  260

Those Counties two years ago gave me a Majority of 257 votes—the remaining County (Brooke) contains about 300 votes—it gave me at the former election a majority of 34—what the vote will be this year is uncertain.

It will be highly gratifying to me to hear often from you—something now & then relative to the political world transports the mind from the monotonous, though peaceful scenes of retirement into its vortex, from which it returns again with more ardor, & better calculated to enjoy the blessings of domestic life. On my part I can only tell you, hereafter, of the crops, markets, navigation &c—for the present the account of our electioneering campaign will sufficiently tire you. Mrs. J. joins me in assurances of the sincerest love & regard for you all.

J G Jackson

RC and enclosure (DLC).

1Letter not found.

2Jackson paraphrased Jefferson’s first inaugural address (Boyd, Papers of Thomas Jefferson, description begins Julian P. Boyd et al., eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson (36 vols. to date; Princeton, N.J., 1950–). description ends 33:149).

3Lovell’s memorandum has not been found, but it apparently dealt with land matters in western Virginia or Kentucky (Jackson to JM, 28 Oct. 1805 [DLC]).

4The enclosure is a broadside, dated 27 Mar. 1805 (1 p.), addressed “To the Editors of the Monongalia Gazette” by William Duane and sent to Jackson by Joseph Campbell and Forbes Britton, editors of that Morgantown, Virginia, newspaper, with a note, dated 13 Mar. 1805 (1 p.), explaining that they had sent it at Duane’s request (Brigham, History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 2:1173). The broadside, a response to an earlier circular letter sent by Jackson to his constituents in which he criticized the Philadelphia Aurora, denounced Jackson for his support of the Yazoo land claims, attacking “this imbecile man’s imagination” and impugning his principles. Jackson’s responses are written throughout the broadside and on the bottom of Campbell and Forbes’s covering note.

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