James Madison Papers

From James Madison to the Marqués de Avilés, 27 March 1805

To the Marqués de Avilés

Department of State
City of Washington 27 March 1805


In behalf of an individual Citizen of the United States, who has been deeply injured in his private Circumstances by certain proceedings which took place in the province over which your Excellency presides, I am induced now to call your attention to his Case. This Individual is James Yard Esqre, who is a very respectable Inhabitant and extensive Merchant of Philadelphia.1 He represents to me that certain Funds arising out of the Cargos of the Ship Asia and Brig Dolly are detained at Lima; that he has obtained an Order of His Catholic Majesty recognizing, and intended to give affect to his Right to have them restored to him; and that he has furnished Mr Baxter, who is about to proceed to Lima, with a power to receive them on his account. As under these circumstances there is placed in your Excellencys Power, so favorable an Opportunity of repairing in some Measure the Losses sustained by Mr Yard, I take the liberty of recommending his Case to your patronage, and avail my self of the occasion to express to you, the high consideration, with which I have the honor to be Your Excellencys most obedient, humble Servant

(Signed) James Madison

Tr (DNA: RG 76, Preliminary Inventory 177, Spain, Treaty of 1819 [Art. XI ] [Spoliation], entry 315, Allowed Claims, 1821–24, vol. 6). Calendared in the index to the State Department notes to foreign legations as a letter dated 28 Mar. to the “Vice-Roy of Peru, relative to Mr. James Yard’s case” (DNA: RG 59, Notes to Foreign Ministers and Consuls, vol. 1).

1For James Yard’s claim against Spain, see Yard to JM, 19 Mar. 1802 (PJM-SS, description begins Robert J. Brugger et al., eds., The Papers of James Madison: Secretary of State Series (9 vols. to date; Charlottesville, Va., 1986–). description ends 3:48–49). Gabriel de Avilés y del Fierro, marqués de Avilés, was the viceroy of Peru (Henige, Colonial Governors, 325).

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