James Madison Papers

From James Madison to George W. Erving, 3 November 1804

To George W. Erving


Washington Nov. 3. 1804

Dear Sir,

Your several Communications relating to the awards Seamen &c have been just received1 & with them your private letter of Sep 1. As the subject of this last may render an early answer interesting to you I hasten to give it. Your Observations on the reasonableness of some remuneration for your services have, as you wished, been submitted to the President. The Result of hi⟨s⟩ reflections for the present is that I shoul⟨d⟩ suggest that you retain out of the next installment in its passage thro’ your hands to the Barrings a percentage of 2½ on the awards actually received & to be received by you and that you state it as an item in your account with the publick. This will bring the equity of your claim regularly before the Government & will leave the way open for the Choice of modes & funds as may finally appear most proper.2 With great esteem & regard I am dear sir Your Ob. ser

James Madison

Tr (MdHi). In the hand of Robert Smith; marked “Duplicate” and “Copy”; damaged at margin; paper watermarked “1808.”

1These presumably included Erving’s two public letters of 1 Sept. 1804.

2This letter played a role in Robert Smith’s attack on JM in 1811, after Smith’s dismissal from his position as secretary of state (PJM-PS description begins Robert A. Rutland et al., eds., The Papers of James Madison: Presidential Series (5 vols. to date; Charlottesville, Va., 1984–). description ends , 3:xxx–xxxi; Jefferson to JM, 3 July 1811, ibid., 3:366 and n. 1).

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