James Madison Papers

To James Madison from Daniel William Coxe, 8 October 1802

From Daniel William Coxe

Philada. Octr 8th. 1802


I had some time since the honor of receiving from you an introductory Letter for Mr D. Clark to Mr King which was regularly forwarded.1

Being deeply interested in the trade of New Orleans with Mr. Clark, I take the liberty of enclosing you an Act of the British Parliament of 22d June with some private Remarks of my Correspondent annexed thereto2—likewise Extract of another letter from the same House which evinces the Importance of authorising the Collector of the Natchez Custom House to grant Clearances to american vessels navigated pursuant to the British Law,3 loading with American Produce at New Orleans, & bound to British European Ports, otherwise our vessels carrying Tobacco, Cotton or Furs from thence would be prohibited an Entry in Great Britain, while English vessels could exclusively carry the same Articles to the deep Injury of the American Merchant & Ship Owner. As the Crop of Cotton of Tenessee & the Mississippi territory will be ready to ship this fall & early in the Winter, it would be highly interesting (if the Executive conclude on affording this facility to the american Planter & Merchant) that it should be done without Delay in order to give an opportunity of shipping our Produce direct for England, which is the best mart for Cotton.

The Port of New Orleans not being yet frequented by British vessels, all the American Cottons & Tobaccos must inevitably be shipt to the United States or France, & from thence (at the Expence of double freight Insurance & Commission) to England, unless clearances can be obtained from N. Orleans as the Port of Deposit for American Produce.

From my Connexion with N. Orleans I have frequent opportunities of forwarding Letters from here & New York by Sea, which is generally more expeditious than the Mail. I beg leave to tender my Services in transmitting any Papers you may have to forward thither, & have the Honor to be with the highest Consideration & Respect Sir yr mo. obdt Servt

Danl. Wm. Coxe4

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