To Edmund Randolph
RC (LC: Madison Papers). Cover franked by “J. Madison Jr” and addressed to “Edmund Randolph Esqr. Richmond.” Docketed by Randolph, “J. Madison Jr. May. 27 1783.”
Philada. May 27th. 1783
My dear Sir
A letter recd. yesterday from Mr. F. Webb,1 inclosing bills in my favor for £200 Virga. Curny. informed me of the successful effort of your friendship for my relief. Mr. Ambler informed me that your attempt was for £100 more, but was abridged on a doubt as to the balance due to me.2 My answer to him by this conveyance will shew that you would have been sufficiently under the mark.3
The next post I hope will bring me your remarks on the Budget of Congress, with the pulse of the Assembly with regard to it.4 The example of Virga. will have great & perhaps decisive influence on the event of it. In Rhode Island they are attacking it in the News papers before it has appeared. But this State is swayed by a party which has raised & connected its importance with an opposition to every Contl. measure. The bulk of the people are taken in by a belief that if no general impost on Trade be levied, their State will be able to tax the neighbouring States at pleasure.5 Should all the other States unite heartily in the plan, I do not think any single State will take upon itself the odium & the consequences of perseviring in a veto upon it.
I wish much to know how far your hope was well founded of an introduction of Mr. Jefferson into the Legislature.6 The hopes of some I find extend to his Mission to Congress.7 The latter would be exceedingly fortunate & if his objections are not insuperable ought & I trust will be urged upon him by his friends. I have been also indulging a hope that your return for such periods as would be most interesting, & wd least interfere with the exercise of your profession, might be reconciled to your views. Unless temperate & experienced members come in for the ensuing year, I foresee that the exclusions reqd. by the Confederation will make way for a change in the fœderal Councils not favorable to those catholic arrangements on which the harmony & stability of the Union must greatly depend.8
We have recd. no accession of intelligence either as to the progress of the definitive Treaty, of the bill in the British Parlt. for commerce with the U-S. or of the negociations among the hungry suitors for the loaves & fishes of the Administration.9
I am Dr. Sir Yr sincere friend
5. Papers of Madison description begins William T. Hutchinson, William M. E. Rachal, et al., eds., The Papers of James Madison (7 vols. to date; Chicago, 1962——). description ends , VI, 131, n. 7; 168, nn. 25, 28; 169, n. 38; 226, n. 3; 262, nn. 4, 5; 268, n. 14; 291; 294, n. 23; 495, n. 10.
6. Randolph had expressed this “hope” in his letter of 26 April 1783 (Papers of Madison description begins William T. Hutchinson, William M. E. Rachal, et al., eds., The Papers of James Madison (7 vols. to date; Chicago, 1962——). description ends , VI, 499).
7. On 6 June 1783 Jefferson was one of the five men elected by joint ballot of the Virginia House of Delegates and Senate to serve as delegates in Congress for “one year from the first Monday in November next” (JHDV description begins (1828 ed.). Journal of the House of Delegates of Virginia, Anno Domini, 1776 (Richmond, 1828). description ends , May 1783, p. 39).
8. Delegates in Congress who had gained experience by serving the maximum term of three consecutive years permitted by Article V of the Articles of Confederation were necessarily, and often eagerly, returning home (JCC description begins Worthington Chauncey Ford et al., eds., Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774–1789 (34 vols.; Washington, 1904–37). description ends , XIX, 215). The legislatures of New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, Maryland, and Georgia seemed either indifferent about being represented in Congress or content to have only one delegate there. That delegate, of course, counted neither in making a quorum nor in voting. JM also noticed that some of the new members, however well qualified they were in other respects, often evinced more determination than their predecessors to advance the particular interests of their constituencies to the detriment of “the harmony & stability of the Union.” See Papers of Madison description begins William T. Hutchinson, William M. E. Rachal, et al., eds., The Papers of James Madison (7 vols. to date; Chicago, 1962——). description ends , VI, 16; JM Notes, 27 May 1783, n. 1.